ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱠᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱞᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱮᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱮ ᱚᱱᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱚᱭᱟ, ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱥᱚᱢᱯᱚᱛᱤ ᱥᱟᱨᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟ.ᱣᱜ-ᱟ। ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣᱤᱡ-ᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ,ᱵᱟ.ᱱᱤᱡᱽ-ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ, ᱦᱟᱯᱟᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱢᱤᱡ ᱦᱚ'ᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱚᱪᱚᱜ-ᱟ।

ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱵᱟᱨ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ।ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱚᱞᱦᱮᱭ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ, ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ। ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱥᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ-

  • ᱠᱤ'ᱥᱟ.ᱬ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ (Capitalism economy)
  • ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ (Socialism)

ᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱚ', ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ-

  • ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ (Mixed economy)

ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱤᱥᱟ.ᱬ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱟ.ᱲᱟ. ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱬᱴᱱᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱲᱪᱟᱲᱟ।ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ, ᱚᱠᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ (Means of Production) ᱢᱤᱫᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱟ.ᱞᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱲ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱣᱜ-ᱟ। ᱠᱟᱨᱞ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱥ-ᱮ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ,"Capitalism is an economic system where the means of production are privately owned." ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱩᱞᱟ. ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱴᱮᱦᱟᱱᱰ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ। ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱥᱮᱨᱣᱟ ᱡᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ। ᱑᱘ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱱᱛᱚᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟ.ᱱᱤᱡᱽᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟ.ᱥᱩᱛ ᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ । ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱩᱞ ᱵᱟ.ᱜ-ᱥᱩᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 'ᱟᱰᱟᱢ ᱥᱢᱤᱛ'(Adam Smith)। ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱮ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱷᱩᱞᱟ.ᱥᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱡ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱩᱥᱟ.ᱨᱚᱜ-ᱟ । ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ, ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱥᱤᱢᱟ. ᱫᱚᱦᱚᱭ ᱡᱟᱨᱩᱲ ᱛᱟᱭᱟ।

ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟᱫᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟ.ᱫᱽ (socialism): ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱨᱤ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱥᱮ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱟ.ᱜ-ᱟ.ᱭᱫᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱬᱟᱣᱟ।ᱛᱟᱦᱟ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱨᱟ. ᱩᱞᱢᱟ. ᱜᱮᱭᱟ। ᱠᱟᱨᱞ ᱢᱟᱠᱥ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ. ᱩᱱᱩᱨᱩᱢᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ। ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱥ ᱟᱜ ᱑᱘᱖᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱬᱴᱱ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ DAS CAPITAL ᱜᱮ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱛᱟ. ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱩᱴᱟ. ᱠᱟᱱᱟ।

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]