ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ

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ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱨ

ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ (/brəˈzɪl/ ( listen); Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw]), ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱴᱤᱱ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱮᱞᱮᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱬᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱙ ᱠᱩᱴᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱣᱟ᱾[1][2]

ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱴᱞᱟᱱᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱡᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟ, ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱩᱨᱤᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱱᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱥᱤ ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱠᱚᱞᱚᱢᱵᱤᱭᱟ᱾ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱵᱚᱞᱤᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱩ᱾ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱟᱨᱡᱮᱱᱴᱤᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱟᱜᱩᱭᱮ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱨᱩᱜᱩᱭᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱦᱮᱡᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱡᱽᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱠᱚᱭᱫᱚᱠᱩ ᱢᱮᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞᱩᱰ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱡᱜᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱑᱖ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱵᱟᱱᱤᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱠᱩ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱴᱷ ᱠᱩ ᱮᱫᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾[3] ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞᱩᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱣ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱣ (pau-brasil) ᱠᱩ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱣ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ 'ᱠᱚᱭᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱟᱝᱨᱟ' ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱟ (brasa) ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱭᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ il ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ‘-iculum’ ᱟᱨ ‘-ilium’ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾[4][5][6] ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱢᱛᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱣ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱤᱝᱨᱮᱡᱤ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾

ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱨᱟᱱᱤᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱤᱱᱫᱩᱨᱟᱢᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱦᱚᱭᱮᱛ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱩ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱠᱩ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱣᱭᱮᱛ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟ᱕᱐᱐ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱠᱳᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱢᱟᱱᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤᱠᱩ ᱫᱟᱹᱵᱤ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾[7] ᱩᱱ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱩ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱩᱝᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱦᱩᱭᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱛᱩᱯᱤ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱩ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱡᱚᱝ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱠᱩ ᱟᱹᱠᱩ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤᱨᱮ ᱠᱩ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱡᱚᱝ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ᱾[8]

᱑᱕᱓᱒ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱟᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ colony ᱠᱩ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱯ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤᱠᱩ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱸᱦᱟᱸᱠᱩ ᱵᱟᱹᱠᱩ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱩᱝᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱠᱩᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱫᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱩ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱩᱣᱟ᱾

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱘᱒᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱩᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱡᱳᱭᱟᱭ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱮ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱᱛᱮᱛ ᱯᱮᱫᱨᱩ ᱡᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱛᱟᱨᱮᱠᱮᱭ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱴᱚᱠᱟ ᱠᱤᱫᱤᱭᱟ᱾[9] ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱯᱚᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱲᱦᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱡ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱚᱱᱟᱠᱩ ᱵᱤᱨᱩᱫᱤᱛᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱯᱮᱫᱨᱩ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱩ ᱜᱮᱭ ᱥᱚᱢᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱠᱩᱣᱟ᱾ ᱟᱫᱚ ᱑᱘᱒᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱗ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾[10] ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱒ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱰᱟᱢ ᱯᱮᱫᱨᱩ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱴᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱴᱞᱟᱱᱴᱤᱠ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱡᱩᱭᱮᱞᱟ, ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱩᱨᱤᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱱᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱥᱤ ᱜᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱠᱚᱞᱚᱢᱵᱤᱭᱟ᱾ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱵᱚᱞᱤᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱩ᱾ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱟᱨᱡᱮᱱᱴᱤᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱮᱨᱟᱜᱩᱭᱮ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱨᱩᱜᱩᱭᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾

ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 8,515,767.049 km2(3,287,956 sq mi), ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹᱱᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 55,455 km2 (21,411 sq mi)᱾[11] ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱱ ᱯᱨᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ, ᱵᱤᱨ, ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱢᱟᱡᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾

ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱓ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱟ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱞᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱚ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱮᱥᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾

ᱪᱤᱛᱟᱹᱨᱠᱩ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Government

General information

ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Geography of Brazil"The World Factbook। Central Intelligence Agency। ২০০৮। সংগৃহীত ২০০৮-০৬-০৩।
  2. "People of Brazil"The World Factbook। Central Intelligence Agency। ২০০৮। সংগৃহীত ২০০৮-০৬-০৩।
  3. Eduardo Bueno, Brasil: uma História (São Paulo: Ática, 2003; আইএসবিএন ৮৫-০৮-০৮২১৩-৪), p.36.
  4. CNRTL – Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales (ফরাসি)
  5. Michaelis – Moderno Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa (পর্তুগিজ)
  6. iDicionário Aulete (পর্তুগিজ)
  7. Boxer, p. 98.
  8. Boxer, p. 100.
  9. Lustosa, pp. 109–110
  10. Lustosa, pp. 150–153
  11. "Geography of Brazil". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008.