ᱡᱟᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ-ᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
(ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟ-ᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱦᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)
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ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟ-ᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱢᱮᱢᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟᱞ

ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟ-ᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱱᱡᱟᱵ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱞᱰᱮᱱ ᱴᱮᱢᱯᱞ (ᱥᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱸᱫᱤᱨ) ᱛᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱢᱤᱛᱟᱝ ᱵᱚᱜᱤᱪᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱕᱑ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱼᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱜᱟᱜ ᱩᱰᱤ ᱥᱚᱨᱚᱢᱱᱟᱠ ᱜᱷᱚᱴᱱᱟ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱢᱮᱢᱚᱨᱤᱟᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱮᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱟᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱓ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱑᱙᱑᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱤᱞᱥ ᱤᱨᱣᱤᱜ, ᱨᱮᱟᱜ ᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱱᱨᱟᱞ ᱰᱟᱭᱚᱨ ᱵᱤᱨᱚᱫ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱚᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱠᱩᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱪᱮᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱤᱲᱤᱠᱟᱱᱲᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱩᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱲᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱤᱫᱨᱟ. ᱦᱚᱸ ᱫᱟᱭᱟ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱫᱮᱠᱦᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱩᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱲᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱵᱥᱮᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱟᱽ ᱾[᱑][᱒][᱓]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱙᱑᱙ ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟ-ᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱠᱤᱪᱤ ᱢᱟᱦ ᱯᱚᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱟᱜᱽ ᱫᱨᱩᱥᱭᱚ

᱑᱓ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ, ᱯᱚᱱᱡᱟᱵ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱚᱨᱥᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ (ᱵᱚᱭᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱤ) ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱶᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱚᱫ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱚᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱜᱮᱰᱚᱨ ᱡᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱟᱨ. ᱮᱪ. ᱰᱟᱭᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱚᱱᱫᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱱᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱮᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱴᱤᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱮᱱᱥᱮᱞ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱒ᱼ᱙ ᱜᱩᱨᱠᱷᱟ, ᱵᱟᱞᱩᱪᱤ, ᱨᱟᱡᱯᱩᱛ, ᱴᱨᱩᱯ, ᱒ᱼ᱙ ᱜᱩᱨᱠᱷᱟᱥ, ᱕᱔ ᱱᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱕᱙ ᱥᱤᱱᱫ ᱨᱟᱤᱯᱷᱟᱹᱞᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱜᱩᱰᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱟᱱᱡᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱩᱲᱤ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱮᱣᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱩᱲᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱰᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱓᱗᱙ ᱡᱚᱬ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱒᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱷᱚᱛ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱦᱮᱞᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱤᱯᱚᱨᱤᱛ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱤᱪᱦᱤ ᱟᱝᱠᱲᱟ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵ ᱛᱮ ᱑᱕᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱔][᱕][᱔]

ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱱᱰᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱱᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱠᱦ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱛᱟᱜᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱷᱤᱢᱢᱚᱛ ᱥᱤᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱷᱮᱣᱟᱞᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱭᱟ ᱚᱱᱟᱠᱦᱟᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱷᱟᱛᱤᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟ.ᱞᱞᱤᱭᱟᱣᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱢᱮᱛᱟ-ᱜᱟ ᱾

ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱠᱨᱩᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱞᱤ ᱯᱩᱰᱭᱟ. ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱴᱦᱮᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱦᱽ ᱠᱚᱟᱜ ᱫᱦᱚᱨᱢᱚᱥᱛᱷᱚᱲᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱽᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱜᱚᱞᱰᱮᱱ ᱴᱮᱢᱯ.ᱞ (ᱥᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱸᱫᱤᱨ) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱽᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱠᱦ ᱠᱚᱟᱜ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱯᱚᱵᱤᱛᱨᱚ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱜᱮᱞᱨᱭ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Datta, Nonica (13 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2019). "Why Popular Local Memory of Jallianwala Bagh Doesn't Fit the National Narrative". The Wire. Retrieved 10 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Anita Goyal and Aastha K Singhania (2019). Voices from Punjab: The strength and resilience of 15 Punjabi women living in the UK. Matador. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-83859-133-5. 
  3. Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act. ACT NO. 25 OF 1951. 1st May, 1951.
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ Anand, Anita The Patient Assassin (2019). pp.99
  5. Hazra, Indrajit (13 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2019). "Memorialising, and Remembering, Jallianwala Bagh". The Economic Times. Retrieved 11 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2019. 

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ‌ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]