᱑᱙᱘᱔ ᱥᱤᱠᱷᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚᱸᱜᱮ

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᱑᱙᱘᱔ ᱥᱤᱠᱷᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚᱸᱜᱮ
Location ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵ, ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
Date

᱓᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ᱑᱙᱘᱓

ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱘᱓
Target ᱥᱤᱠᱷ
Deaths ᱘000 - ᱑᱗000 ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ [᱑]


᱑᱙᱘᱔ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱵᱤᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚᱸᱜᱮ ᱑᱙᱔᱘ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ-ᱵᱤᱨᱤᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚᱝᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱨᱚᱫᱷ ᱫᱚᱝᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱤᱱᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱜᱚᱜᱚᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ| ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱚᱝᱜᱽᱨᱚᱪᱷᱚᱠ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ|[᱒][᱓][᱔] against Sikhs in India in response to the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards.[᱕][᱖] ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚᱝᱜᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱓᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ| ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱭᱳ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱚᱸᱛᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱜᱩᱥᱴᱤ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ|


ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚᱝᱜᱮ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱩᱞᱤ ᱞᱮᱫᱮ ᱨᱮ, ᱩᱱᱤ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱟᱭ, " ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱧᱩᱨᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱛᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱷᱟᱸᱨᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱤᱞᱟᱹᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ" ᱾ ᱑᱙᱘᱔ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱝᱜᱮ ᱟᱧᱡᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱑᱗ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱘ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱩᱪᱪ ᱱᱭᱟᱭᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟᱭ ᱟᱧᱡᱚᱢ ᱟᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱥᱚᱡᱽᱡᱚᱱ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱨ (ᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱟᱨᱚᱯᱤ) ᱫᱚ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱵᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱮᱭᱫᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨᱚᱯᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱐-᱑᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱡᱚᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱧᱡᱚᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱡᱚᱣᱟ᱾

᱑᱙᱗᱐ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱯᱟᱛᱠᱟᱞ ᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ, ᱥᱣᱟᱭᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟ ᱠᱟᱨᱥᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱜᱮᱥᱟᱭ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱮᱫᱽ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱚ᱾ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱪᱷᱩᱴ- ᱯᱩᱴ ᱦᱤᱝᱥᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱥᱚᱛᱨᱚ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱚᱞᱜᱟᱣᱟᱫᱤ ᱜᱩᱥᱴᱤ ᱥᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱛᱚᱱᱠᱣᱟᱫᱤ ᱟᱚᱸᱥᱛᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱮᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟᱭ᱾ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱘᱔ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱯᱨᱮᱥᱟᱱ ᱵᱽᱞᱩ ᱥᱴᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱮᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱣᱚᱨᱬ ᱢᱚᱸᱫᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱵᱽᱡᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱩᱫᱽᱨᱚᱦᱤ ᱠᱚᱭ ᱪᱟᱵᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱭ, ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱮ ᱥᱚᱣᱨᱬ ᱢᱚᱸᱫᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱩᱭᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱷ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱚᱞᱜᱟᱣᱟᱫᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱵᱽᱡᱟ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱚᱨᱫᱷᱥᱮᱭᱱᱤᱠ ᱵᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱛᱩ ᱯᱟᱥᱴᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱞᱜᱟᱣᱟᱫᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱵᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱚᱯᱨᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚᱝᱜᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱠᱟᱮᱚᱬ ᱥᱣᱚᱨᱬ ᱢᱚᱸᱫᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱠᱩ ᱥᱚᱢᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱟᱛᱚᱱᱠᱣᱟᱫᱤ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱩᱠᱩ ᱥᱚᱢᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱟᱛᱚᱱᱠᱣᱟᱫᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱭ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱠᱷᱟᱞᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱩᱫᱟᱹ ᱫᱩᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱳᱲᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱟᱛᱚᱱᱠᱣᱟᱫᱽ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱚᱸᱫᱩᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱤᱠᱟ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚᱥᱚᱣᱟᱨᱬ ᱢᱚᱸᱫᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱪᱚᱜ ᱞᱟ ᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱠᱤᱴᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱵᱷᱮᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱧᱮᱠ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱜ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱚᱝᱜᱽ ᱨᱚᱪᱷᱚᱠ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱩᱠ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱴᱷᱩ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ওয়েব উদ্ধৃতি
  2. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named toiprog
  3. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named rediffprog
  4. Bedi, Rahul (1 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2009). "Indira Gandhi's death remembered". BBC. Archived from the original on 2 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2009. Retrieved 2 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2009. The 25th anniversary of Indira Gandhi's assassination revives stark memories of some 3,000 Sikhs killed brutally in the orderly pogrom that followed her killing  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. Jeffrey M. Shaw PhD; Timothy J. Demy PhD (27 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2017). War and Religion: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict [3 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 129. ISBN 978-1610695176. 
  6. Paul R. Brass (ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 1996). Riots and Pogroms. NYU Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0814712825.