ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱭ - ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ

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ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱥᱝ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ-ᱡᱟᱞᱟᱯᱩᱨᱤ (ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ) ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟ.ᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱵᱤᱜᱽᱨᱤ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱭᱳᱨᱚᱯ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱠᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱨᱣᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱛᱩᱢᱟ.ᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱜᱮ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱨᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱴᱷᱤ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟ. ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱨᱮ, ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱪᱤᱛᱟ.ᱨ ᱦᱩᱱᱟ.ᱨ, ᱜᱚᱬᱦᱚᱱ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱥᱛᱩᱠᱚᱞᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱞᱩᱛ ᱠᱚᱞᱟ ᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱴᱷᱚᱥᱚᱠᱮ ᱮᱢᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |

ᱱᱮ-ᱦᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱟᱨᱩ ᱯᱷᱮᱨᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ | ᱛᱮᱦᱮᱧ, ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱮᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱡᱟ'ᱦᱟ' ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ( ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟ.ᱯᱟ.ᱡᱷᱟ.ᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱢᱛᱷᱩᱞ) ᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟ.ᱛ ᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ' ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ - ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱢᱤᱞᱟ. ᱢᱤᱥᱟ.ᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱴᱷᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱩᱫᱟ. - ᱡᱩᱫᱟ. ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱱᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ (ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱭᱳᱨᱚᱯ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱥᱨᱮᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ) | ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱨᱛᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱲᱦᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱱᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱴᱷᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱪᱚᱫ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟ. ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱡᱩᱢᱚᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱟᱭ ᱯᱩᱨᱟ.ᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ , ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱩᱫᱟ. ᱡᱩᱫᱟ. ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱴᱷᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱩᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱱᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱟᱜ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ |

ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟ.ᱯᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱰᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱥ 99.8% ᱦᱤᱥ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱠᱟ.ᱣ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟ'ᱦᱟ'ᱭ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱮᱝᱜᱟᱛ - ᱟᱯᱟᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱴᱟᱜ ᱟᱝᱜᱚᱪ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱭᱮᱫ , ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱑][᱒] ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱦᱩᱫᱤ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱥᱟ.ᱭ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ- ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱡᱟ'ᱦᱟ' ᱫᱚ "ᱟᱣᱫᱟᱱ- ᱫᱚᱦᱲᱥ" ᱥᱟᱶ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ | ᱯᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱵᱳᱞ (ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱴᱮᱴᱤᱱᱚᱯᱚᱞ) ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱯᱟᱛ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ' ᱠᱟᱱ, ᱡᱟ'ᱦᱟ' ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱜᱮᱞ-ᱯᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱱᱟᱭᱠᱮ ᱦᱩᱫᱟ. ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟ.ᱨᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱤ ᱴᱷᱟ:ᱭ ᱛᱟ'ᱦᱮ' ᱠᱟᱱ |   1461 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱴᱮᱱᱴᱤᱱᱚᱯᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱴ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱟᱱᱟ | [᱓]

ᱨᱤᱯᱟᱵᱽᱞᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱵᱳᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱥᱞᱟᱡ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱩᱥᱣᱟ. ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ, 1923 ᱥᱨᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱛᱟᱥᱛᱩ ᱠᱚᱞᱟ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱥᱛᱩ ᱠᱚᱠᱟ ᱟᱱᱫᱚᱲ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱞᱟᱝ - ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝ ᱞᱮᱵᱟ | ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ, 1930 ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱞᱟᱜ ᱨᱮ, ᱵᱟᱥᱛᱩ ᱠᱚᱞᱟ ᱥᱤᱞᱯᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱥᱥᱛᱩ ᱠᱚᱞᱟ ᱵᱮᱝᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱥᱟᱶ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱨᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱯᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ के ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱯᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱣᱟᱫ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ |[᱔]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Turkey". World Factbook. CIA. 2007. 
  2. "Members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Dr Muhammed Jalal Shams, Osman Seker, Kubilay Çil: Prisoners of Conscience for their Religious Beliefs". Amnesty International. 5 ᱡᱩᱱ 2002. Retrieved 10 ᱡᱩᱱ 2014. 
  3. "Turkey - A Brief Profile". United Nations Population Fund. 2006. Archived from the original on 19 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2007. Retrieved 27 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2006. 
  4. "Deutschsprachige Architekten in der frühen Republik" (in German). Goethe Institut. Retrieved ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 20, 2012.