ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ
13-09-01-kochtreffen-wien-RalfR-02.jpg

ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱤᱫᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱵᱟᱝ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱢᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱞ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱜᱮ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱤᱥᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱛᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱩᱥ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱭᱴᱨᱚᱥ ᱞᱤᱢᱚᱱ (Citrus limon ) ᱾ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱭᱴᱨᱚᱥ ᱡᱚ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱛᱚᱨᱟ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱡᱩᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱕% ᱥᱟᱭᱴᱨᱤᱠ ᱮᱥᱤᱰ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ pH ᱒ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱓ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱤᱵᱩ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱮᱯᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ, ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱩᱥᱯᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱖ ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱷᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱪᱤ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱭᱟ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱵᱩᱨᱢᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ [᱑][᱒] ᱡᱮᱱᱚᱢᱤᱠ ᱥᱴᱚᱰᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱪᱤ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱛᱚᱨᱟ (orange) ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱭᱴᱨᱚᱱ (citron) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱭᱵᱨᱤᱰ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱓][᱔]

ᱜᱩᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱤᱴᱟᱢᱤᱱ ᱮ, ᱵᱤ, ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱷᱤᱴᱟᱢᱤᱱ ᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱤᱴᱟᱢᱤᱱ ᱵᱤ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱤᱴᱢᱤᱱ ᱥᱤ ᱯᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱥᱤᱭᱚᱢ, ᱢᱮᱬᱦᱮᱫ, ᱥᱚᱰᱤᱭᱚᱢ, ᱢᱟᱜᱽᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱚᱢ, ᱛᱟᱢᱵᱟ, ᱯᱷᱚᱥᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱞᱚᱨᱤᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱕] ᱵᱷᱤᱴᱟᱸᱤᱱ ᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱟᱱᱴᱤ-ᱚᱠᱥᱤᱰᱟᱸᱴ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱭ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱞᱮᱥᱴᱨᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱚᱪᱚᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱪᱟᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒᱓ ᱥᱟᱭᱠᱚᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱠᱥᱤᱠᱚ, ᱟᱨᱡᱮᱱᱴᱤᱱᱟ, ᱵᱨᱟᱡᱤᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱯᱮᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Wright, A. Clifford. History of Lemonade, CliffordAWright.com
  2. The origins, limmi.it.
  3. cite journal|author1=Gulsen, O.|author2=M. L. Roose|year=2001|title=Lemons: Diversity and Relationships with Selected Citrus Genotypes as Measured with Nuclear Genome Markers|journal=Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science|volume=126|pages=309–317
  4. Genetic origin of cultivated citrus determined: Researchers find evidence of origins of orange, lime, lemon, grapefruit, other citrus species", Science Daily, January 26, 2011 (Retrieved February 10, 2017).
  5. cite web |url= http://pustak.org/bs/home.php?bookid=3483%7Ctitle=ᱵᱩᱜᱤ ᱜᱩᱱ ᱟᱱ ᱞᱤᱢᱵᱩ |accessmonthday=᱔ ᱢᱮ|accessyear=᱒᱐᱐᱑|format=ᱯᱤᱮᱪᱯᱤ|publisher=ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ ᱥᱟᱢᱴᱟᱣ|language=