ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ, ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ

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ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ

ᱟᱢᱩᱰᱥᱮᱱ, ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ

ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ (ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ /᱑᱘᱗᱒ ᱼ ᱑᱙᱒᱘) ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟ. Investigator ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ polar ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱑᱐-᱑᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ polar ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱛᱮ ᱑᱙᱑᱑ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱨᱟ.ᱣ ᱥᱟ.ᱛ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱒᱖ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱳᱞᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱛᱚᱞᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱙᱐᱓-᱐᱖ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱼ ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱦᱚᱨ (Northwest passage) ᱮ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾


ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱺ- ᱑᱖ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱘᱗᱒ Borge Østfold Norway

ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱺ- ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮᱜᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱾

ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱺ- Investigator

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱛᱮᱫ ᱺ- ᱑᱙᱑᱐-᱑᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱳᱞᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱑᱑ ᱥᱟᱝᱮᱨᱮ ᱾

ᱟᱭᱳᱼᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱺ- ᱡᱮᱱᱥ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ, Hana Szalquist.

ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟ. ᱺ- Hubbard Medal (᱑᱙᱐᱗)


ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱟ.ᱛᱩ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱪᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ (ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱳᱥᱞᱳ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ )ᱨᱮᱭ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘᱙᱐ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱮᱨ ᱮ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱢᱚᱱᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟ.ᱜᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱪᱟ.ᱠᱨᱤ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱐᱓-᱖ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ "ᱜᱤᱳᱣᱟ" ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱥᱮ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱛᱩᱨᱩᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱪᱩᱸᱵᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟ. ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. (Magnetic polar) ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱐-᱑᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱟᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱦᱟ.ᱲᱦᱟ.ᱭ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱛᱤᱱᱟ.ᱝ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱷᱤᱨᱛᱷᱟᱨ ᱫᱩᱲᱩᱵ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱘ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱥᱮᱫ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱨᱤᱠᱟ. ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟ.ᱨ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱡᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱱᱟᱨᱡᱽ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱤᱞᱩᱱ (Dirijibil) ᱛᱮ ᱩᱰᱟ.ᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱥᱮᱫ ᱗᱑ ᱜᱷᱚᱱᱴᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱗᱐᱐ ᱢᱤᱞ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱛᱨᱮ ᱟᱬᱜᱚᱱ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟ.ᱨ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱱ ᱡᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱡᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱱᱳᱵᱤᱞᱟᱜ ᱩᱰᱟ.ᱣᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱩᱣᱟ.ᱲ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱴᱠᱮᱴᱚᱬᱮᱭ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱗ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱒᱘ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱣᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱵᱮᱣᱨᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_exploration

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_the_Amundsen_and_Scott_Expeditions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Antarctica

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Antarctic_expeditions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_polar_explorers

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:NBN:no-a1450-kb20060404040371.jpg

http://www.dictionary.com/browse/amundsen

http://www.historynet.com/roald-amundsen-and-the-1925-north-pole-expedition.htm

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/ice/peopleevents/pandeAMEX87.html https://books.google.com/books?id=FFXyKIa_-vgC&dq=roald+amundsen+story

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/21974

https://web.archive.org/web/20100502080758/http://fram.museum.no/

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/arctic/

http://www.south-pole.com/p0000101.htm

http://odin.dep.no/odin/engelsk/norway/history/032005-990461/index-dok000-b-n-a.html