ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ, ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ

ᱟᱢᱩᱰᱥᱮᱱ, ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ

ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ (ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ /᱑᱘᱗᱒ ᱼ ᱑᱙᱒᱘) ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ Investigator ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ polar ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱑᱐-᱑᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ polar ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱛᱮ ᱑᱙᱑᱑ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱹᱣ ᱥᱟᱹᱛ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱒᱖ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱳᱞᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱛᱚᱞᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱙᱐᱓-᱐᱖ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ - ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱦᱚᱨ (Northwest passage) ᱮ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ :- ᱑᱖ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱘᱗᱒ Borge Østfold Norway

ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ :- ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮᱜᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱾

ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ :- Investigator

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱛᱮᱫ :- ᱑᱙᱑᱐-᱑᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱳᱞᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱑᱑ ᱥᱟᱝᱮᱨᱮ ᱾

ᱟᱭᱳ-ᱵᱟᱵᱟ :- ᱡᱮᱱᱥ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ, Hana Szalquist.

ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟ. :- Hubbard Medal (᱑᱙᱐᱗)

ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱚᱣᱟᱞᱰ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱛᱩ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱪᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ (ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱳᱥᱞᱳ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ) ᱨᱮᱭ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘᱙᱐ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱮᱨ ᱮ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱢᱚᱱᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱪᱟᱹᱠᱨᱤ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱐᱓-᱖ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ "ᱜᱤᱳᱣᱟ" ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱥᱮ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱛᱩᱨᱩᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱪᱩᱸᱵᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ (Magnetic polar) ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱐-᱑᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱟᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱩᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱦᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱝ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱷᱤᱨᱛᱷᱟᱨ ᱫᱩᱲᱩᱵ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱘ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱨᱤᱠᱟᱹ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱡᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱱᱟᱨᱡᱽ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱤᱞᱩᱱ (Dirijibil) ᱛᱮ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱗᱑ ᱜᱷᱚᱱᱴᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱗᱐᱐ ᱢᱤᱞ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱛᱨᱮ ᱟᱬᱜᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱱ ᱡᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱡᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱱᱳᱵᱤᱞᱟᱜ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱣᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱴᱠᱮᱴᱚᱬᱮᱭ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱢᱩᱱᱰᱥᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱗ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱒᱘ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱣᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱵᱮᱣᱨᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_exploration

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_the_Amundsen_and_Scott_Expeditions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Antarctica

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Antarctic_expeditions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_polar_explorers

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:NBN:no-a1450-kb20060404040371.jpg

http://www.dictionary.com/browse/amundsen

http://www.historynet.com/roald-amundsen-and-the-1925-north-pole-expedition.htm

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/ice/peopleevents/pandeAMEX87.html https://books.google.com/books?id=FFXyKIa_-vgC&dq=roald+amundsen+story

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/21974

https://web.archive.org/web/20100502080758/http://fram.museum.no/

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/arctic/

http://www.south-pole.com/p0000101.htm

http://odin.dep.no/odin/engelsk/norway/history/032005-990461/index-dok000-b-n-a.html