ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ c. 287 BC ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱠᱭᱩᱥ,

ᱥᱩᱥᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱟᱜᱽᱱᱟ ᱜᱨᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟ

ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ c. 212 BC
ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱮᱢᱟᱣ ᱗᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ
ᱟᱯᱟᱛ ᱯᱷᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟᱥ
ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱠᱭᱩᱥ, ᱥᱤᱥᱤᱞᱤ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ, ᱤᱧᱡᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ,

ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱡᱽ, ᱮᱝᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱣᱭᱟᱹ

ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱡᱽ
Archimedes principle,
  • Archimedes' screw
  • hydrostatics,

levers

  • infinitesimals,
  • Neuseis constructions

ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ (Archimedes) (᱒᱘᱗-᱒᱑᱒ BC) ᱜᱨᱤᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱠᱭᱩᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱠᱤᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱠᱤᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱫᱷᱩᱞ, ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ, ᱤᱧᱡᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱝᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱩᱨᱠᱟᱹᱜ ᱱᱯᱤᱞᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱯᱮᱨ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ (hydrostatic) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱟᱞᱠᱩᱞᱚᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱱᱟᱞᱤᱥᱤᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱩᱛᱩᱨ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱥᱩᱛᱩᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱨ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱚᱛᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱯ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱞᱟᱸᱜᱟᱵ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱵᱚᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛᱚᱱ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ, ᱚᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵ ᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ‌‍‌π ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱫᱩᱞ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱨᱚᱥ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱫᱟᱜ ᱛᱤ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱦᱩᱭᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

By placing a metal bar in a container with water on a scale, the bar displaces as much water as its own volume, increasing its mass and weighing down the scale.

ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱡᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱚᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱞᱮᱠᱡᱟᱱᱰᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱪᱟᱨᱪᱟ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ, ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹᱜ ᱚᱱᱚᱞ ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱨᱟᱫᱟ ᱕᱓᱐ ᱠᱷᱨᱤᱥᱴᱟᱵᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱾ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱴᱚᱥ ᱤᱥᱤᱰᱚᱨ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱤᱣᱴᱚᱥᱤᱭᱚᱥ ᱖᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱨᱤᱥᱴᱟᱵᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱴᱷᱮᱱᱮ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱟᱯᱟᱛ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟᱥ (Phidias), ᱩᱱᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱮᱝᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱸᱫᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱞᱚᱴᱟᱨᱪ (Plutarch) ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱞᱟᱞ ᱞᱟᱭᱤᱵᱽᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱠᱚᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥᱤᱡ ᱯᱮᱲᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱮᱨᱟ-ᱩᱨᱩ ᱜᱤᱫᱟᱹᱨ ᱯᱤᱫᱟᱹᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱩᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱥᱚᱨ (Egypt) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱞᱮᱠᱡᱟᱸᱰᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱥᱮᱱᱳᱱ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱢᱚᱥ (Samos) ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱭᱨᱮᱱ (Cyren) ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱤᱨᱟᱴᱚᱥᱛᱷᱮᱱᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱥᱩᱨ-ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱩᱱᱤᱠ ᱛᱩᱯᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱠᱚᱱ ᱨᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱡᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚᱥ ᱠᱞᱚᱣᱰᱤᱭᱚᱥ ᱢᱟᱨᱥᱮᱞᱚᱥ (Marcus Claudius Marcellus) ᱜᱚᱵᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱠᱚᱴ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱡᱷᱚᱜ ᱒᱐᱑᱒ BC ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱵᱚᱝ ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱫᱩᱥᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱯᱞᱚᱴᱟᱨᱪ (Plutarch) ᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱢᱤᱛᱤ ᱱᱚᱠᱥᱟ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱟᱝᱜᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱠᱚᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱡᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱢᱟᱨᱤᱥᱤᱞᱚᱥ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱫᱼᱮ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱫ ᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱟᱨᱠᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱫᱽᱨᱚᱸᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱝᱜᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱜᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱭ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱮᱭ ᱨᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱟᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱸᱰᱟ ᱛᱮᱜᱮᱢ ᱢᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱠᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]