ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ

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ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱩᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ, ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ - ᱡᱟᱞᱟᱞᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ, ᱜᱟᱡᱤᱱᱤ , ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ , ᱠᱟᱱᱫᱽᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱦᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ | [᱑] ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ,ᱥᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱛᱚ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱟᱨᱤ ᱡᱤᱱᱫᱤ ᱥᱮ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱟ.ᱛᱥᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ | [᱒] ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱜᱩᱴ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 1200 ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱥᱮ 8000 ᱨᱟ.ᱥᱤᱭᱟ. ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ |

ᱴᱷᱟ:ᱭ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

1980 ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ 20,000 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱥᱱᱟ, ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ 1992 ᱨᱮ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱲᱦᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ, ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱤᱨ ᱯᱷᱟᱨᱟᱠ ᱮᱱᱟ | ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱲᱷᱟ.ᱭ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱨᱟ.ᱞ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱩᱨᱩ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱭᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱮᱠᱚ ᱫᱷᱟᱢᱫᱟᱥᱮᱨ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ | ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱨᱛᱟ ᱯᱟᱨᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱨᱩ ᱫᱩᱣᱥᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱴᱤᱠᱟ.ᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ | [᱓]ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱮᱦᱮᱧ ᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱛᱟ ᱯᱟᱨᱣᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱥ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱔]

ᱡᱟᱞᱟᱞᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

2001 ᱦᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ, ᱡᱟᱞᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ, 100 ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱦᱽᱶᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱩᱱᱠᱚ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 700 ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱕] ᱞᱟ.ᱭ ᱟ.ᱜᱩ ᱛᱮᱫᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱢᱟ ᱜᱭᱨᱩ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱨ ᱮᱮᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱜᱩᱨᱩ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱠ ᱫᱮᱵᱽ ᱫᱟᱲᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ |था[᱖][᱗]|

ᱠᱟᱱᱫᱷᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱟᱱᱫᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱢᱩᱜᱚᱜ ᱞᱮᱠ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱦᱤᱰᱤᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱥᱟᱵᱴᱶᱛᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱜᱩᱴ 2002 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱮᱠᱟᱴᱨᱱ 15 ᱜᱷᱥᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱘]|

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱳᱟᱨᱟ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱳᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱤᱨᱟ.ᱵᱟᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ | ᱛᱟᱭᱱᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ, ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱩᱨᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱴᱷᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱽ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱮᱱᱟ | 19 ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱩᱥᱨᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱨᱯᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱴᱷᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱤᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱚ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ |[᱙]

ᱜᱤᱨᱟ.ᱵᱟᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

1990 ᱨᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱨᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱨᱮ, ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 50,000 ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ । 2013 ᱦᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ , ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 800 ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ 300 ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱟ.ᱵᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱥ ᱪᱮ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱫᱚ 3,000 ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱡᱷ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱛᱮ, ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱭᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ , ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱩᱨᱚᱯ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ, ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱟ.ᱵᱟᱥᱤ ᱭᱮᱱᱟ |

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. U.S. State Department. "Afghanistan - International Religious Freedom Report 2007". The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affair. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  2. Shaista Wahab, Barry Youngerman. A brief history of Afghanistan Infobase Publishing, 2007. ISBN 0-8160-5761-3, ISBN 978-0-8160-5761-0. Pg18
  3. https://www.thenational.ae/world/asia/afghan-hindus-and-sikhs-celebrate-diwali-without-pomp-and-splendour-amid-fear-1.668735
  4. "No Home for Afghanistan Sikhs – The Sikh Foundation International". www.sikhfoundation.org. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  5. Sikhs set example for getting along with the Taliban. By Scott Baldauf, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor, 13 April 2001
  6. "Suicide Attack Targets Sikhs in Jalalabad, 19 Killed". TOLO. ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 1, 2018. 
  7. "Deadly blast hits Afghanistan's Jalalabad". Al Jazeera English. ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 1, 2018. Ghulam Sanayi Stanekzai, Nangarhar's police chief, said the explosion was caused by a suicide bomber who targeted a vehicle carrying members of the Sikh minority who were travelling to meet the president. 
  8. "Focus on Hindus and Sikhs in Kandahar". IRIN. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  9. Hew McLeod (1997). Sikhism. New York: Penguin Books. p. 251. ISBN 0-14-025260-6.