ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ

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᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱞ ᱢᱦᱟᱸᱼ᱒

ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱦᱚᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟ ᱦᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾᱑᱙᱑᱙ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱪᱩᱠᱛᱤ [᱑]ᱩᱱᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱴ ᱨᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ [᱒]ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱡᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱙ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣᱼᱟ ᱾ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱪᱩᱠᱛᱤ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱱᱤᱯᱟᱦᱟᱴᱟ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥᱼᱟ ᱨᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱷᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾
ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ (1᱘᱓᱙ᱼ᱑᱙᱔᱒)ᱨᱮ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱫ ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱮᱞᱯᱷᱤᱥᱱᱴᱚᱱᱼᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱞ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱠᱵᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱼᱟ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱫ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱥᱤᱯᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱟ.ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱠᱵᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ , ᱟᱨ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱞᱟᱞᱟᱵᱟᱫ ᱱᱟᱜᱜᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱨ [᱓] ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞᱼᱡᱟᱞᱟᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱫ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱾ᱱᱚᱥᱟ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱤᱦᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱪᱚ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱫ ᱫᱩᱜ ᱵᱟᱸᱪᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱫᱳᱦᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱝᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱵᱷᱩᱨ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾
ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ (᱑᱘᱗᱘ᱼ᱘᱐)ᱨᱮ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱫᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱚᱵᱫᱩᱨ ᱨᱚᱦᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱚᱢᱤᱨ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱼᱟ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱩᱜ ᱦᱚᱪᱚᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱥ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱦᱟᱫᱮ ᱛᱮᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱐᱑ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱵ ᱰᱩᱨ ᱨᱚᱦᱢᱟᱱ ᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱦᱟᱵᱤᱵᱩᱞᱼᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱜᱟᱹᱫᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱲᱩᱵ ᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱵᱤᱨᱩᱫᱷ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱨᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱩᱥᱠᱩᱨ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱫᱨᱦᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱴᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱠᱩᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱵᱤᱵᱩᱞᱼᱞᱟ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱦᱚᱪᱚ ᱮᱱᱟᱭ, ᱟᱠᱚ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝ ᱵᱟᱠ ᱠᱩᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱜᱮ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱫ ᱥᱚᱱᱫᱮᱦ ᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱡᱤᱡ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱟᱢᱟᱱᱩᱞᱼᱞᱦᱟ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ,ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱥ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱨᱩᱟᱹᱲ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱝᱞᱳᱼᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱑᱙ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱑᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱟᱣᱟᱞᱯᱤᱱᱰᱤ ᱪᱩᱠᱛᱤ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱑᱙᱒᱑ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱥ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱟᱲᱟᱜ ᱜᱤᱰᱤ ᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱹᱜᱩ ᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "The World Factbook: Afghanistan". Central Intelligence Agency. 2009-09-07. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  2. Onley, James. (2007), "The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj: Merchants, Rulers, and the British in the Nineteenth-Century Gulf" Oxford University Press. p. 24 [᱑]
  3. "War-battered Afghanistan celebrates independence day". Associated Press. 2000-09-18. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]