ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ

ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ

ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱹ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱸᱰ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱜᱷᱚᱱᱴᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱱᱤᱨᱲᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱸᱰ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱸᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱟᱞᱢᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱡᱚᱝ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱡᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱜᱚᱫ ᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ "ᱵᱟᱦᱟ" ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸᱵᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱹᱡ ᱞᱚᱞᱚ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱚᱨᱲᱟᱣ ᱜᱚᱫᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱖ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ (gun metal) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱚᱞᱚ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱬ ᱞᱮ ᱮᱱᱟᱝ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱜᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱗ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱞᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ, ᱨᱚᱠᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱠᱟᱹᱬ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱷᱩᱲᱤ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱟᱜ ᱞᱚᱞᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱓ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱕ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱢᱟ ᱨᱩᱯᱟᱹ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱸᱪ ᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱣ ᱤᱫᱤᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱢᱮᱥᱤᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ bearings ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ, ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱮ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱜᱟᱥᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱚᱱᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱝᱜᱟᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱜ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ : ᱒᱔ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱟᱝᱜᱟ, ᱔ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱘ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱟᱱᱴᱤᱢᱚᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱵᱤᱴ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱥᱟᱠ ᱵᱮᱵᱤᱴ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ bearings ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱸᱥᱟᱨᱮ ᱑ ᱨᱟᱯᱟᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱳᱥᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱳᱥᱯᱷᱳᱨᱚᱥ ᱵᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱸᱵᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱞᱩᱢᱤᱱᱤᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱞᱩᱢᱤᱱᱤᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Chinese (ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱤᱡᱽ) ᱚᱱᱚᱞ ᱯᱮᱯᱚᱨ ᱰᱨᱟᱜᱳᱱ (722 BC - 481 BC)
Ever from 7th century Iran

ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_object

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell_founding https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Empire_mantel_clock

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze_and_brass_ornamental_work

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_bronze_inscriptions

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/term_details.aspx?scopeType=Terms&scopeId=18864

https://web.archive.org/web/20150402174311/http://m.friendfeed-media.com/450c6f3cdc92be9e19ecd285bd7f809a9ae1d4d5

https://doi.org/10.1006%2Fjasc.2002.0809

https://archive.is/20140205001504/http://antiquity.ac.uk/ant/087/ant0871030.htm

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://curlie.org/Business/Materials/Metals/Alloys/Bronze/

https://web.archive.org/web/20061216180940/http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/2005/bell/bell.html

http://wildlifeart.org/Foundry/index2.html

http://www.jepsculpture.com/bronze.shtml

http://web.comhem.se/vikingbronze/