ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ

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ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ (ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱭ : ᱛᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ) 1964 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱤᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱽᱦᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱫᱟᱨᱡᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱨᱦᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2000 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱭᱩᱱᱮᱥᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ " ᱥᱚᱨᱮᱥ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱝ ᱟᱜ" ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱰᱟᱢᱰᱟᱦᱮ ᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ 326 ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱡᱟ.ᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱪᱮᱬᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ 100 ᱛᱚᱮᱟ ᱧᱩ ᱡᱟ.ᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱡᱤᱭᱟ.ᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ 110 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ 4,500ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟ.ᱲᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱫᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱬᱟᱣᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱩᱟᱞᱤ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | [᱑][᱒] ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱵᱚᱨᱱᱤᱭᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱵᱟᱦ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |

ᱥᱟᱵᱟᱦ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ , ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱣᱩᱱᱴ ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱩᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱰᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱨᱮ 754 ᱪᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱠᱤᱞᱚ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟᱭ ᱴᱚᱯᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ | [᱓] ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱱᱭᱚ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱵᱥᱦ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱚᱱᱮ ᱠᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱨᱡᱚᱴᱚᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | 1967 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ 987,653 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱷᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ 43,430 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚ ᱵᱟ.ᱰᱛᱤ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱫᱮᱫᱮᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ |

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Malaysia relief location map

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ 1964 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱳᱯᱚᱱᱤᱵᱟᱮᱥᱤᱡ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ. "ᱦᱚᱜᱽ ᱞᱳ" ᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱛᱮ 1851 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱮᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱮᱱ ᱡᱟᱨᱯᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ | ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱣᱩᱱᱴ ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱢᱩᱛᱱᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱮᱡᱚᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟ.ᱦᱤᱞ ᱨᱤᱠᱚᱨᱰ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ |[᱔] ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱢᱩᱛᱱᱤ ᱛᱟᱛᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱮᱱᱟ - ᱞᱳ'ᱥ ᱯᱤᱠ |

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱵᱟᱦ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱨᱚᱠ ᱨᱮᱧᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ "ᱠᱨᱚᱠ ᱨᱮᱧᱡᱽ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱨᱤᱛᱟ. ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ" ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱟᱞᱚ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱟᱢᱛᱷᱩᱞᱚᱜ ᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱩᱫᱟ. ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ | ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱪᱮᱬᱮ, ᱛᱚᱣᱟᱧᱩᱧᱩᱭᱟ. , ᱩᱵᱷᱚᱭᱪᱚᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱨᱤᱥᱨᱤᱯ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱟᱱᱣᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |

ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱨᱠ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ᱱᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ 88 ᱠᱤᱞᱚ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱤᱧ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ 1,563 ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ (5,128 ᱯᱷᱤᱴ) ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ, ᱠᱤᱱᱟᱵᱟᱞᱩ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱢᱟ. ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱵᱟᱦ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱱ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱢᱩᱛᱱᱤ ᱱᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱴᱤᱢᱯᱚᱦᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱦᱚᱵᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱢᱮᱥᱤᱞᱚ ᱴᱨᱮᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱮᱱ ᱚᱯᱥᱚᱱᱟᱞ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱦᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ | ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱣᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥᱛᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱚ ᱜᱩᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱕]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Chilling out in a tropical destination Archived ᱒᱓ ᱢᱮ ᱒᱐᱑᱖ at the Wayback Machine.. The Jakarta Post, 12 June 2011.
  2. Liew, T.S., M. Schilthuizen & M. Lakim, 2017. The determinants of land snail diversity along a tropical elevational gradient: insularity, geometry and niches. Journal of Biogeography, 37: 1071-1078
  3. http://www.sabahparks.org.my/the-parks/kinabalu-park
  4. "Kinabalu Park". Sabah Parks. Archived from the original on 4 ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2008. Retrieved 1 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2008. 
  5. https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1012

ᱜᱤᱞᱟᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]