ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱨ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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A large, modern fertilizer spreader
A Lite-Trac Agri-Spread lime and fertilizer spreader at an agricultural show

ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱟᱱᱟᱡᱽ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱚᱨᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱦᱟᱥᱟᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱛᱚᱜ-ᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟᱜᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱪᱮ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱵᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱨᱟ ᱕᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟ.ᱥᱛᱤ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱟᱺᱫᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱒ ᱜᱚᱴᱮᱡ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱥᱟᱺᱦᱤᱡ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱵᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ Hydrogen, oxygen(ᱡᱤᱣᱤ ᱡᱤ ᱜᱮᱥ) , ᱟᱨ carbon ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱠᱚᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱱᱟᱡᱽ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱛᱩᱣᱟ. ᱫᱚᱦᱚᱭ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱥᱟᱨᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑. ᱱᱟᱭᱴᱨᱚᱡᱮᱱ (Nitrogen) ᱺ- ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱰᱟ.ᱨ, ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱛᱟ. ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱷᱩᱲ ᱦᱟ.ᱨᱭᱟ.ᱲ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾


᱒. ᱯᱷᱚᱥ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ ( Phosphorus) ᱺ- ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱮᱦᱮᱫ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱨᱮ, ᱡᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱥᱟᱵᱚᱜ ᱨᱮ, ᱡᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱚᱲᱚᱜ ᱨᱮ, ᱟᱨ ᱤᱛᱟ. ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱡᱩᱱ ᱡᱟ.ᱥᱛᱤᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱭ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱵᱚᱜ-ᱟ, ᱤᱛᱟ. ᱵᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱢᱟᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱨᱚᱦᱚᱲᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

᱓. ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱥ (Potash) ᱺ- ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡᱚᱜ-ᱟ, ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱢᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱤᱡᱩ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱚᱛᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱩᱜᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

Fat ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨ Carbohydrate ᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱯᱟᱲᱟ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱛᱮ ᱰᱟ.ᱨ ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱩᱴᱤ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱨᱚᱸᱜᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱜᱮ Calcium, a Magnesium ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱨᱟ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱜ-ᱟ , ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟ.ᱨᱭᱟ.ᱲ ᱵᱷᱟᱵᱽ ᱠᱚᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ iron, copper manganese ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱨᱟ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱠᱚᱜᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ( manure) ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱨ (fertilizer) ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱪᱮ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡ-ᱟᱡ ᱛᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱷᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Founded in 1812, Mirat, producer of manures and fertilizers, is claimed to be the oldest industrial business in Salamanca (Spain).

ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ, ᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱡᱤᱭᱟ.ᱞᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱪᱟ.ᱫ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱺᱬᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤᱭ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱩᱨᱤᱡ, ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱚᱥᱴ, ᱠᱟᱲᱮ ᱛᱚᱨᱚᱡ, ᱡᱟᱝ ᱜᱩᱸᱰᱟ. ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱪᱟ.ᱥᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱜᱩᱨᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟ.ᱫᱽ ᱵᱟ.ᱭᱦᱟ.ᱲ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱡ-ᱠᱟ.ᱡ ᱵᱩᱫᱟ. ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱫᱷᱚᱬᱪᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱥ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱥᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱤᱱᱟ.ᱝ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱠᱟᱞ(chemical) ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟ.ᱨᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱱᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱨᱟ ᱯᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱮᱡ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ-ᱟ , ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱭᱴᱨᱚᱡᱮᱱ, ᱯᱷᱚᱥᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱥ (potash) ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱢᱚᱱᱤᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱚᱞᱯᱷᱮᱴ (amonium sulphate) , ᱠᱟᱞᱥᱤᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱢᱚᱱᱤᱭᱚᱢ ᱱᱟᱭᱴᱨᱮᱴ (calcium amonium nitrate) ᱟᱨ ᱤᱣᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ (urea) ᱠᱚᱫᱚ Nitrogen ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱭᱴᱨᱚᱡᱮᱱ (Nitrogen) ᱛᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱮ ᱛᱷᱟᱨ ᱒᱐, ᱒᱖ ᱟᱨ ᱓᱔ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱚᱞᱯᱷᱚᱨ ᱯᱷᱚᱥᱯᱷᱮᱴ(Shulpher phosphate) ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱚᱥᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱚᱥᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ ᱑᱖ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱔᱕ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱥᱩᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱚᱞᱯᱷᱮᱴ(Potassium sulphate) ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱥ(potash) ᱱᱮᱥᱟ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ potash ᱫᱚ ᱔᱘ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱕᱐ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱢᱚᱯᱷᱚᱥ(Amophus) ᱟᱨ ᱜᱨᱚᱢᱚᱨ(Gromor) ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱢᱤᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱚᱝᱜᱚᱥ ᱱᱟᱭᱴᱨᱚᱡᱮᱱ(Nitrogen) ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱚᱥᱯᱷᱚᱨᱚᱥ(phospherus) ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]