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ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ
Polo wearing a Tatar outfit, date of print unknown
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ  ᱟᱨ  ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ1254
Venice, Republic of Venice
ᱜᱩᱨ᱘ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱓᱒᱔ (Error: Need valid year, month, day ᱵᱚᱭᱚᱥ)
Venice, Republic of Venice
ᱵᱟᱭ  ᱴᱷᱟᱶChurch of San Lorenzo
45°26′14″N 12°20′44″E / 45.4373°N 12.3455°E / 45.4373; 12.3455
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ
ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤMerchant, explorer, writer
ᱧᱩᱢᱱᱟᱢThe Travels of Marco Polo
ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫDonata Badoer
ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱFantina, Bellela and Moretta
ᱟᱯᱟᱛ ᱮᱸᱜᱟᱛ

ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱟᱬᱟᱱᱤᱡ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾[᱑] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱜᱟᱬᱟᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒][᱓][᱔][᱕][᱖] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱦᱱᱤ ᱞᱤᱵᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱰᱮᱥ ᱢᱟᱨᱵᱷᱮᱞᱞᱮᱥ ᱰᱩ ᱢᱚᱱᱫᱮ (Livres des merveilles du monde) ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱫᱟ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱤᱝᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱚᱨᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ Book of the Marvels of the World ᱟᱨ The Travels of Marco Polo ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱷᱟᱯᱟ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱣᱨᱚᱯᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱫᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱯᱟᱛ ᱱᱤᱠᱠᱚᱞᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡ ᱠᱟᱠᱟ ᱢᱟᱯᱷᱤᱭᱚ ᱜᱚ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨᱤ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱫᱟ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱚᱲᱚᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱒᱗᱙ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱠᱤᱱ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱛᱟᱨᱟ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱒᱔ ᱵᱚᱪᱷᱚᱨ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱞᱮᱱᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱚᱱᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱩᱥᱛᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱩᱯᱩᱫ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱞ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱚᱛᱠᱛᱮ ᱟᱡᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱚᱭᱫᱤ (ᱢᱩᱡᱽᱨᱤᱢ) ᱜᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱦᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱭ ᱚᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱫᱟ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱒᱙᱙ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚᱲᱦᱟ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱹᱬ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱓ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱯᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱑᱓᱒᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱭ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱩᱫ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱫᱷᱩᱲᱤ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤᱭᱟᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾

ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱕᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ [᱗]

ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱦᱱᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱠᱥᱟ

ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱳ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱒᱕᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱳ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱳ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ (ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ) ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱴᱟᱱᱴᱤᱱᱚᱯᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱢᱟᱱᱰ ᱮ ᱮᱢᱟᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱮᱱᱰᱨᱤᱭᱟ, ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱳ ᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱳ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ, ᱵᱮᱱᱤᱥ ᱨᱮ "ᱠᱚᱱᱴᱨᱟᱰᱟ ᱥᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱮᱞᱤᱥᱤ" ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ, ᱩᱱᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ: ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱳ "ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ", ᱢᱚᱯᱷᱮᱭᱳ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱠᱚᱞᱳ (ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱳ ᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ) ᱾ ᱠᱨᱳᱭᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱝ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱞᱚᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱳ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱟᱞᱢᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ, ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣᱟ, ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱮ ᱯᱳᱞᱳ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱗᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱘]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. cite news|title=Marco Polo, Il Milione|date=1965|language=Italian|newspaper=Istituto Geografico DeAgostini|last=Benedetto|first=Luigi Foscolo
  2. cite web|title=Marco Polo – Exploration – HISTORY.com|url=http://www.history.com/topics/exploration/marco-polo%7Caccessdate=January 9, 2017
  3. cite web|title=Marco Polo – New World Encyclopedia|url=http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Marco_Polo%7Caccessdate=January[permanent dead link] 9, 2017
  4. cite web|title=BBC - History - Historic Figures: Marco Polo (c.1254 - 1324)|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/polo_marco.shtml%7Caccessdate=January 9, 2017
  5. Citation|title=Tait's Edinburgh magazine, Volume 10 |last=William Tait (publisher), Christian Isobel Johnstone |year=1843 |place=Edinburgh
  6. Citation|title=Venice and Its Merchant Empire|first= Kathryn|last= Hinds|year=2002 |place=New York
  7. Italiani nel sistema solare di Michele T. Mazzucato
  8. Stefano Soffiato (2019-06-17). "Le bufale di Marco". Venessia.com (in ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤᱟᱱ).