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ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ

ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

Vlax Romani
romani shib
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶBosnia, Romania, Serbia, Albania, Hungary, Israel; scattered in numerous other states
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
Expression error: ᱵᱟᱝ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱴᱷᱤᱠᱚᱜᱠᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ "᱒".[᱑]
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-3rmy
ᱜᱞᱳᱴᱳᱞᱳᱜᱽvlax1238[᱒]

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱚᱨᱱᱟᱨᱰ ᱜᱤᱞᱤᱭᱮᱴ-ᱥᱢᱤᱴ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱑᱙᱑᱕ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱞᱟᱪ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱤᱡ-ᱵᱷᱞᱟᱪ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱵᱽᱜᱽᱨᱩᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱞᱟᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱳᱞᱰᱟᱵᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱣᱚᱞᱟᱪᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱳᱢᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ "ᱵᱷᱞᱟᱠᱥ" ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ, ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱨᱳᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ⁇ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ḍoma/डोम ᱠᱷᱚᱱ, ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ - ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱾

ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ: ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱤᱧ, ᱥᱮ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ (ᱠᱟᱞᱰᱮᱨᱟᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱳᱵᱟᱨᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ), ᱟᱨ ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱒, ᱥᱮ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱾

ᱮᱞᱥᱤᱠ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱭ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ (ᱢᱚᱴᱨᱟᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱤᱱᱯᱷᱚᱨᱢᱮᱥᱚᱱ): [᱓]):

Sub-group Dialect Place
Ukrainian Vlax - Ukraine
Northern Vlax Cerhari Hungary
Hungarian Lovari
Slovakia
Austrian Lovari Austria
Polish Lovari Poland
Norwegian Lovari Norway
Serbian Kalderaš Serbia
Italian Kalderaš Italy
Russian Kalderaš Russia
Taikon Kalderaš Sweden[᱔]
American Vlax USA
Southern Vlax Vallachian Romania
Ihtiman Bulgaria (named after the city)
Gurbet Serbia and Bosnia Gurbeti
Korça Albania (named after the city)
Italian Xoraxane Italy (Xoraxane translates as "Muslims" in the dialect)
Ajia Varvara Greece (named after a suburb of Athens)

ᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱵᱤᱫᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱣᱞᱮᱠᱥ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱤ ᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱳᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱞᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱚᱞᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱕]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Vlax Romani at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Vlax Romani". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. {{cite book}}: Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  3. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Wikicite
  4. Hansen, Björn; de Haan, Ferdinand (2009). Modals in the Languages of Europe. Walter de Gruyter: p. 307 ISBN 978-3-11-021920-3.
  5. "Journey of Besieged Languages" (PDF). ilholocaustmuseum.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-16. Retrieved 2018-03-15.