ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳ
ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ (ᱠᱚ)
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ (ᱠᱚ)See list of scripts
ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠUnicode Standard
ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Hr ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Midsizeᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Hr ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Midsize
ᱞᱟᱦᱟ ᱛᱮᱱᱟᱜ

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ, ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱰ, [ᱱᱳᱴ 1] ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱚᱞ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱢᱩᱲᱩᱫ ᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱑᱕.᱑ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱑,᱔᱙,᱘᱑᱓ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ [᱑] ᱟᱨ ᱑᱖᱒ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱞᱤᱯᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ, ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ, ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱮᱞ, ᱪᱤᱠᱷᱱᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱞᱟ ᱮᱞ, ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱢᱩᱫᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ [᱒] ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱤᱢᱳᱡᱤ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣᱟᱱ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱸᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ, ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱟᱸᱜᱚᱪ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱢᱳᱡᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱩᱥᱤ ᱰᱷᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱱᱮᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱑,᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱹᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱴᱟᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱚᱞ ᱮ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱢᱩᱫᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱣᱮᱵᱽ ᱯᱮᱡᱽ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱯᱷᱣᱮᱨ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ ᱟᱱ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱞᱟ ᱵᱩᱯᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱮᱥᱴ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱶ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱨᱤᱢᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱴᱮᱸᱦᱟᱴ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱼᱵᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱵᱩᱴᱟᱹ ᱚᱱᱩᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱡᱟᱣᱜᱮ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱢᱩᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱵᱽᱨᱟ ᱮᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱤᱪᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤᱠᱟᱭ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱢᱤᱫᱼᱵᱟᱨ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱢᱩᱫᱨᱮ ᱚᱱᱛᱚᱨ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱼ ᱡᱟᱣᱜᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱚᱱᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱴᱤᱱ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱨᱮ—ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱢᱩᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ, ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ᱾

ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱛᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ, ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱯᱚᱭᱮᱱᱴ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱮᱢᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱧᱮᱞᱟᱱ ᱩᱫᱩᱜ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ - ᱟᱠᱟᱨ, ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱳᱭᱞᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮᱼ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱳᱯᱴᱳᱣᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱦᱳᱭᱳᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱳᱭᱮᱵ ᱵᱨᱟᱣᱡᱟᱨ ᱥᱮ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱯᱨᱚᱥᱮᱥᱚᱨ ᱾ ᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ, ᱞᱚᱜᱚᱱ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱩᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱩᱲᱩᱫ ᱢᱚᱰᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱞᱦᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱮᱢ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱒᱕᱖ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱯᱚᱭᱮᱱᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ/ᱟᱭ.ᱤ.ᱥᱤ [ᱟᱭ.ᱰᱤ 1] ᱥᱟᱵᱟᱫᱚᱠ ᱮ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱤᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱚᱱᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱾ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱵᱤᱨᱟᱹᱫᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ, ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱛᱚᱛᱛᱷᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱢᱩᱫᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱱᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ, ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ, ᱧᱮᱞᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ, ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱯᱨᱟᱭ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ, ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱯᱚᱭᱮᱱᱴ ᱮᱢ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱵᱩᱞᱰᱳᱜᱽ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ [᱓] ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱥᱮᱨᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱢᱚᱱᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮᱢ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱛᱚᱛᱥᱩᱣᱳ ᱠᱳᱵᱟᱭᱮᱥᱤ, ᱛᱟᱢᱟᱥ ᱢᱤᱞᱳ, ᱨᱩᱡᱽᱵᱮ ᱯᱩᱨᱱᱟᱰᱟᱨ,ᱠᱮᱱ ᱞᱩᱱᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱭᱠᱮᱞ ᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ [᱔] ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱑᱙᱘᱐ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱨᱳᱠᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱨᱳᱠᱥ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ (XCCS) ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱑᱙᱘᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ [᱕], ᱡᱮᱨᱳᱠᱥ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱳ ᱵᱮᱠᱟᱨ, ᱮᱯᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱤ ᱠᱳᱞᱤᱱᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱠ ᱰᱮᱵᱷᱤᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ, ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱥᱮᱴ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱟᱱ ᱛᱚᱞᱟᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱯᱮᱴᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱮᱱᱩᱭᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱵᱷ ᱚᱯᱥᱴᱟᱰ ᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱛᱮᱛᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ, [᱔] ᱵᱮᱠᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱘᱘ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ "ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ/ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ" ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱹᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱩᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱵᱤᱪᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ [᱔], "'ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ' ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱜᱟᱨ, ᱢᱤᱫᱟᱜ, ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

[᱔]ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱘᱘ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱱᱚᱛᱷᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱠᱟᱨ ᱑᱖ ᱵᱤᱴ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱥᱠᱤᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱩᱫᱩᱜ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ:

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱟᱱ, ᱵᱟᱛᱟᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱚᱠ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ᱾ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ "ᱮᱹᱮᱥ.ᱥᱤ.ᱟᱭ.ᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ" ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱚᱨᱱᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱡᱤᱭᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱑᱖ ᱵᱤᱴ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾   ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱰᱤᱡᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱨᱮ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱖ ᱵᱤᱴ ᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱨᱳᱯᱳᱡᱽ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠ ᱢᱟᱱᱟ᱾ 

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱵᱩᱴᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱴᱮᱦᱟᱴ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱦᱳᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱮ 'ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ' ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ᱾ [᱔]

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱮᱱ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱮᱥ (ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱛᱤ) ᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱠᱚ (ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱑᱙᱘᱘ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱛᱷᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ), ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ 214 = ᱑᱖,᱓᱘᱔ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ, ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱮᱼᱪᱚᱞᱛᱤ ᱥᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱚᱨᱱᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱟᱱ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱵᱽᱞᱤᱠ ᱛᱟᱹᱞᱠᱟᱹ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱮᱼᱥᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱡᱤᱥᱴᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾

᱑᱙᱘᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱥᱮᱫ, ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱯᱷᱳᱨ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱮᱱ ᱦᱤᱥᱞᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱤᱠ ᱠᱟᱨᱱᱟᱜᱟᱱ, ᱨᱤᱥᱟᱨᱪ ᱞᱤᱵᱨᱤᱨᱤ ᱜᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱮᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱤᱢᱤᱛᱼᱤᱭᱳᱥᱤᱢᱩᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱣᱟᱱ ᱮᱞᱤᱯᱨᱟᱱᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱭᱠᱨᱳᱥᱤᱥᱴᱚᱢᱥ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱜᱮᱞᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱭᱤᱴ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱐ ᱨᱮ,ᱢᱟᱭᱠᱨᱳᱥᱳᱯᱚᱴ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱤᱥᱮᱞ ᱥᱩᱭᱤᱱᱟᱨᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱢᱟᱥ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱭᱴᱟᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱟᱹᱮᱥ.ᱴᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱤᱠ ᱢᱮᱠᱜᱳᱣᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱥᱮᱫ, ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱯ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱰᱟᱹᱣ ᱰᱨᱟᱯᱷᱚᱴ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

᱑᱙᱙᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱓ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱮᱞᱤᱯᱷᱳᱨᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, [᱖] ᱟᱨ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱨᱟᱫᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱴᱳᱵᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱦᱤᱸᱥ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱦᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱰᱤᱣᱳᱜᱨᱟᱯᱷ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱑᱙᱙᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱳ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

᱑᱙᱙᱖ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ, ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱒.᱐ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱨᱳᱜᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱛᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱖ ᱵᱤᱴ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱳᱰᱥᱯᱮᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱯᱚᱭᱮᱱᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱤᱯᱤ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱢᱤᱥᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱭᱟᱨᱳᱜᱞᱤᱯᱷ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱮ ᱵᱮᱼᱪᱚᱞᱛᱤ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ [᱗] ᱢᱩᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱤ.ᱡᱮ.ᱠᱮ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ᱾

᱒᱙᱙᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱭᱠᱨᱳᱥᱳᱯᱴ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱴᱨᱩ ᱴᱟᱭᱤᱯ ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑.᱐ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱚᱨᱱᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱴᱮᱵᱤᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱮᱴᱨᱟᱢ ᱟᱭᱰᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ 'ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ' ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱛᱮ 'ᱮᱯᱮᱞ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ "ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱵᱮᱼᱯᱷᱟᱭᱫᱟ ᱟ ᱥᱮᱢᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟ᱾ [᱘], ᱮᱯᱮᱞ,ᱯᱷᱮᱥᱵᱩᱠ, ᱜᱩᱜᱚᱞ, ᱟᱭ.ᱵᱤ.ᱮᱢ,ᱢᱟᱭᱠᱨᱳᱥᱳᱯᱚᱴ,ᱱᱮᱴᱯᱷᱞᱤᱠᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥ.ᱮ.ᱯᱤ.ᱮᱥ.ᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱚᱞᱼᱵᱮᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱲᱩᱫ ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱤᱭᱩᱴᱟᱨ ᱥᱳᱯᱴᱳᱣᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱨᱰᱳᱣᱟᱨ ᱠᱳᱢᱯᱟᱱᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱩᱨᱥᱹᱼᱯᱩᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱢᱞᱮᱫ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱹᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱮᱱᱰᱳᱢᱮᱱᱴ [᱘] ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚᱡ (ᱳᱢᱟᱱ) ᱵᱷᱳᱴ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱵᱩᱴᱟᱹ ᱨᱟᱹᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ᱾

ᱠᱟᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱥᱠᱤᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱴᱨᱮᱱᱥᱯᱷᱟᱨᱢᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱢᱮᱴ (ᱤᱭᱩ.ᱴᱤ.ᱮᱯᱷ) ᱥᱠᱤᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ, ᱚᱡᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱥᱠᱤᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱥᱠᱤᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱢᱤᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱮᱯᱞᱤᱠᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱩᱯᱚᱥᱚᱴ ᱮᱢ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ OpenOffice.org ᱮᱯᱞᱤᱠᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱱᱥᱳᱴ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱫᱩᱜ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

[᱙] ᱤᱣᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱲᱩᱫ ᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾  [ᱵᱩᱜᱤᱭᱟᱜ  ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟ][better source needed]

ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ (ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ, ᱴᱮᱱᱜᱣᱟᱨ) ᱥᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱱᱟᱹᱢ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱚᱡᱮᱛᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ (ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ, ᱠᱞᱤᱝᱚᱱ), ᱵᱮᱼᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱼᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱣᱦᱟᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱮᱥᱟᱭᱤᱱᱢᱮᱱᱴ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱠᱳᱱᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱯᱷᱚᱱᱴ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱲᱩᱫ ᱞᱮᱴᱤᱱ ᱪᱩᱨᱤᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱫᱼᱞᱩᱛᱩᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱚᱨᱟᱢᱚᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱩ ᱦᱤᱸᱥ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰᱤᱝ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ, [᱑᱐] ᱵᱨᱮᱠᱞᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱵᱷᱮᱥᱴᱟᱨᱴᱤ ᱚᱯᱷ ᱠᱮᱞᱯᱷᱟᱨᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱰᱮᱵᱳᱨᱟ ᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱷᱟ 2002 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱢᱟᱱᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱮᱱᱠᱳᱰ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱥᱠᱨᱤᱯᱴ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱯᱚᱨᱟᱢᱚᱥ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ ᱮᱢᱚᱜ ᱾ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱚᱨᱡᱤᱠᱚᱞ [᱑᱑] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱱᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱢᱩᱲᱩᱫ ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱨᱟᱫᱟ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱵᱷᱮᱞ ᱠᱳᱰᱮᱰ ᱠᱮᱹᱨᱮᱠᱴᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱴ (ᱤᱭᱩ.ᱥᱤ.ᱮᱥ) ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱹᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳᱭ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧᱟᱱ ᱨᱩᱴᱤᱯᱮᱨᱴᱤ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾

ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱟᱫᱟ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱠᱷᱚᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱵᱚᱱᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱠᱚ
Version Date Book UCS edition Total Details
Scripts Characters[lower-alpha ᱑]
[᱑᱒] ISBN 0-201-56788-1ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Midsizediv N/A 24 7129 Initial scripts covered: Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Bopomofo, Cyrillic, Devanagari, Georgian, Greek and Coptic, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Hangul, Hebrew, Hiragana, Kannada, Katakana, Lao, Latin, Malayalam, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, and Tibetan
[᱑᱓] ISBN 0-201-60845-6ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Midsizediv 25 28327+21204
−6
The initial 20,902 CJK Unified Ideographs
[᱑᱔] N/A ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993

[lower-alpha ᱒]

24 34168+5963
−9
33 reclassified as control characters. 4,306 Hangul syllables, Tibetan removed
[᱑᱕] ISBN 0-201-48345-9 25 38885+11373
−6656
Original set of Hangul syllables removed, new set of 11,172 Hangul syllables added at new location, Tibetan added back in a new location and with a different character repertoire, Surrogate character mechanism defined, Plane 15 and Plane 16 Private Use Areas allocated
[᱑᱖] N/A 38887+2
U+20AC EURO SIGN, U+FFFC OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER[᱑᱖]
[᱑᱗] ISBN 0-201-61633-5 ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000 38 49194+10307
Cherokee, Geʽez, Khmer, Mongolian, Burmese, Ogham, runes, Sinhala, Syriac, Thaana, Canadian Aboriginal syllabics, and Yi Syllables, Braille patterns
[᱑᱘] N/A ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000[lower-alpha ᱓]ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:HrISO/IEC 10646-2:2001 41 94140+44946
Deseret, Gothic and Old Italic, sets of symbols for Western and Byzantine music, 42,711 additional CJK Unified Ideographs
[᱑᱙] 45 95156+1016
Philippine scripts (Buhid, Hanunoo, Tagalog, and Tagbanwa)
[᱒᱐] ISBN 0-321-18578-1 ISO/IEC 10646:2003

[lower-alpha ᱔]

52 96382+1226
Cypriot syllabary, Limbu, Linear B, Osmanya, Shavian, Tai Le, and Ugaritic, Hexagram symbols
[᱒᱑] N/A 59 97655+1273
Buginese, Glagolitic, Kharosthi, New Tai Lue, Old Persian, Sylheti Nagri, and Tifinagh, Coptic disunified from Greek, ancient Greek numbers and musical symbols First named character sequences were introduced.[᱒᱒]
ISBN 0-321-48091-0 64 99024+1369
Balinese, cuneiform, N'Ko, ʼPhags-pa, Phoenician[᱒᱓]
[᱒᱔] N/A 75 100648+1624
Carian, Cham, Kayah Li, Lepcha, Lycian, Lydian, Ol Chiki, Rejang, Saurashtra, Sundanese, and Vai, sets of symbols for the Phaistos Disc, Mahjong tiles, Domino tiles, additions to Burmese, Scribal abbreviations, U+1E9E LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SHARP S
[᱒᱕] ISBN 978-1-936213-00-9 90 107296+6648
Avestan, Bamum, Gardiner's sign list of Egyptian hieroglyphs, Imperial Aramaic, Inscriptional Pahlavi, Inscriptional Parthian, Javanese, Kaithi, Lisu, Meetei Mayek, Old South Arabian, Old Turkic, Samaritan, Tai Tham and Tai Viet, additional CJK Unified Ideographs, Jamo for Old Hangul, Vedic Sanskrit
[᱒᱖] ISBN 978-1-936213-01-6 ISO/IEC 10646:2010

[lower-alpha ᱕]

93 109384+2088
Batak, Brahmi, Mandaic, playing card symbols, transport and map symbols, alchemical symbols, emoticons and emoji[᱒᱗]additional CJK Unified Ideographs
[᱒᱘] ISBN 978-1-936213-02-3 ISO/IEC 10646:2012

[lower-alpha ᱖]

100 110116+732
Chakma, Meroitic cursive, Meroitic hieroglyphs, Miao, Sharada, Sora Sompeng, and Takri
[᱒᱙] ISBN 978-1-936213-07-8 110117+1
U+20BA TURKISH LIRA SIGN
[᱓᱐] ISBN 978-1-936213-08-5 110122+5
5 bidirectional formatting characters
[᱓᱑] ISBN 978-1-936213-09-2 123 112956+2834
Bassa Vah, Caucasian Albanian, Duployan, Elbasan, Grantha, Khojki, Khudawadi, Linear A, Mahajani, Manichaean, Mende Kikakui, Modi, Mro, Nabataean, Old North Arabian, Old Permic, Pahawh Hmong, Palmyrene, Pau Cin Hau, Psalter Pahlavi, Siddham, Tirhuta, Warang Citi, and dingbats
[᱓᱒] ISBN 978-1-936213-10-8 ISO/IEC 10646:2014

[lower-alpha ᱗]

129 120672+7716
Ahom, Anatolian hieroglyphs, Hatran, Multani, Old Hungarian, SignWriting, additional CJK Unified Ideographs, lowercase letters for Cherokee, 5 emoji skin tone modifiers
[᱓᱕] ISBN 978-1-936213-13-9 135 128172+7500
Adlam, Bhaiksuki, Marchen, Newa, Osage, Tangut, 72 emoji[᱓᱖]
[᱓᱗] ISBN 978-1-936213-16-0 ISO/IEC 10646:2017

[lower-alpha ᱘]

139 136690+8518
Zanabazar Square, Soyombo, Masaram Gondi, Nüshu, hentaigana, 7,494 CJK Unified Ideographs, 56 emoji, bitcoin symbol
[᱓᱘] ISBN 978-1-936213-19-1 146 137374+684
Dogra, Georgian Mtavruli capital letters, Gunjala Gondi, Hanifi Rohingya, Indic Siyaq Numbers, Makasar, Medefaidrin, Old Sogdian and Sogdian, Maya numerals, 5 CJK Unified Ideographs, symbols for xiangqi and star ratings, 145 emoji
[᱓᱙] ISBN 978-1-936213-22-1 150 137928+554
Elymaic, Nandinagari, Nyiakeng Puachue Hmong, Wancho, Miao script, hiragana and katakana small letters, Tamil historic fractions and symbols, Lao letters for Pali, Latin letters for Egyptological and Ugaritic transliteration, hieroglyph format controls, 61 emoji
[᱔᱐] ISBN 978-1-936213-25-2 137929+1
U+32FF SQUARE ERA NAME REIWA
[᱔᱑] ISBN 978-1-936213-26-9 ISO/IEC 10646:2020

[᱔᱒]

154 143859+5930
Chorasmian, Dhives Akuru, Khitan small script, Yezidi, 4,969 CJK ideographs, Arabic script additions used to write Hausa, Wolof, and other African languages, additions used to write Hindko and Punjabi in Pakistan, Bopomofo additions used for Cantonese, Creative Commons license symbols, graphic characters for compatibility with teletext and home computer systems, 55 emoji
[᱔᱓] ISBN 978-1-936213-29-0 159 144697+838
Toto, Cypro-Minoan, Vithkuqi, Old Uyghur, Tangsa, extended IPA, Arabic script additions for use in languages across Africa and in Iran, Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Java, and Bosnia, additions for honorifics and Quranic use, additions to support languages in North America, the Philippines, India, and Mongolia, U+20C0 SOM SIGN, Znamenny musical notation, 37 emoji
[᱔᱔] ISBN 978-1-936213-32-0 161 149186+4489
Kawi and Mundari, 20 emoji, 4,192 CJK ideographs, control characters for Egyptian hieroglyphs
[᱔᱕] ISBN 978-1-936213-33-7 149813+627
Additional CJK ideographs
  1. The total number of graphic and format characters, excluding private-use characters, control characters, noncharacters, and surrogate code points).
  2. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Cslist
  3. 3.2 added Amendment 1.
  4. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Cslist
  5. Plus the Indian rupee sign
  6. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Cslist
  7. Plus Amendment 1, as well as the Lari sign, nine CJK unified ideographs, and 41 emoji;[᱓᱓]
    9.0 added Amendment 2, as well as Adlam, Newa, Japanese TV symbols, and 74 emoji and symbols.[᱓᱔]
  8. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Cslist

ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱨᱴᱤᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱖.᱐ ᱵᱷᱮᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐᱒᱔ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱟᱞ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱷᱮᱨᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱖ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (ᱛᱳᱫᱷᱨᱤ, ᱥᱩᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨ, ᱜᱩᱨᱩᱝ ᱠᱷᱮᱢᱟ, ᱠᱤᱨᱟᱴ ᱨᱟᱭ, ᱜᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱞ ᱚᱱᱚᱞ), ᱥᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱚᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱚᱨᱢᱤᱥ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ, ᱦᱮᱜᱮᱞ ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱭᱩᱴᱤᱝ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱖ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱤᱢᱳᱡᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Unicode Character Count V15.1". Unicode. Archived from the original on Oct 9, 2023. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  2. "Emoji Counts, v15.1". Unicode. Archived from the original on Sep 28, 2023. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  3. "Unicode Bulldog Award". Unicode. Archived from the original on Nov 11, 2023.
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱔.᱒ ᱔.᱓ ᱔.᱔ Becker, Joseph D. (10 September 1998). "Unicode 88" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016. In 1978, the initial proposal for a set of "Universal Signs" was made by Bob Belleville at Xerox PARC. Many persons contributed ideas to the development of a new encoding design. Beginning in 1980, these efforts evolved into the Xerox Character Code Standard (XCCS) by the present author, a multilingual encoding that has been maintained by Xerox as an internal corporate standard since 1982, through the efforts of Ed Smura, Ron Pellar, and others.
    Unicode arose as the result of eight years of working experience with XCCS. Its fundamental differences from XCCS were proposed by Peter Fenwick and Dave Opstad (pure 16-bit codes) and by Lee Collins (ideographic character unification). Unicode retains the many features of XCCS whose utility has been proved over the years in an international line of communication multilingual system products.
  5. "Summary Narrative". Unicode. August 31, 2006. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  6. "History of Unicode Release and Publication Dates". Unicode. Retrieved 20 March 2023.
  7. Searle, Stephen J. "Unicode Revisited". Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ "The Unicode Consortium Members". Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  9. "Unicode FAQ". Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  10. "script encoding initiative". Berkeley Linguistics. Archived from the original on Mar 25, 2023."script encoding initiative". Berkeley Linguistics. Archived from the original on 2023-03-25.
  11. "About The Script Encoding Initiative". The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 4 June 2012."About The Script Encoding Initiative". The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  12. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  13. "Unicode Data 1.0.1". Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  14. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  15. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  16. ᱑᱖.᱐ ᱑᱖.᱑ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  17. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  18. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  19. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
  20. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Multiref
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