ᱥᱩᱛᱟᱹᱢ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱥᱩᱛᱟᱹᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱯᱩᱞ (ᱨᱤᱞ)
Multi-colored stranded embroidery floss

ᱥᱩᱛᱟᱹᱢ (yarn) ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱛᱞᱟ ᱛᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱸᱛᱩ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹᱣ. ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱩᱢᱟᱝ, ᱱᱟᱭᱞᱚᱱ, ᱠᱟᱥᱠᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

ᱵᱮᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱩᱛᱟᱹᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹᱮ ᱥᱮ ᱛᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱞ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱚᱯᱟᱜᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱤᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ -ᱟ᱾ ᱡᱩᱫᱤ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹᱣᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱚᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱚᱯᱟᱜᱚᱜ-ᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱞᱩᱜᱽᱲᱤᱜ ᱡᱷᱚᱞᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱥᱮ ᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱟ ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱺᱼ upholstery, car seating, tarpaulins, tents, ᱟᱨ saddlery

Thread material
Material Description Purpose
Cotton Spun traditional thread general
Cotton/polyester A cotton thread with a polyester core which is slightly stretchy but retains the traditional look of cotton strength without sheen
Fusible Fuses sewn fabrics together when ironed binding and appliqué
Linen A spun thread, typically in a thicker gauge than that used for fabric garments. It may be waxed for durability and resistance to mildew. Traditional leather saddlery; leather luggage, handbags, and accessories; and beadwork.
Metallics A delicate metallic coating protected by an outer coating providing extremely vibrant color/glitter and/or texture. decoration
Nylon A transparent monofillament which can be melted by an iron. Nylon is usually stronger than polyester. strength with transparency
Polyester A synthetic blend which is stronger and stretchier than cotton with little or no lint (may be texturized) strength
Rayon Made from cellulose, but not considered to be a natural fibre because it is highly processed. Useful for obtaining bright colors, though not always color-fast. high sheen, soft texture
Silk A very fine, strong and hard-to-see thread; tends to degrade over time, however. high strength and often high sheen, used for attaching beads
Wool A thicker thread. homespun look, rougher texture, highly insulating, water absorbent
Water-soluble Dissolves when washed temporary basting

[᱑]

Polyester/polyester core spun thread is made by wrapping staple polyester around a continuous polyester filament during spinning and plying these yarns into a sewing thread. Core Spun Thread

Different weights[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱩᱛᱟᱹᱢ gauges[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Yarns are measured by the density of the yarn, which is described by various units of textile measurement relating to a standardized length per weight. These units do not directly correspond to thread diameter.

Wt and Gunze count[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

The most common weight system specifies the length of the thread in kilometres required to weigh 1 kilogram. Therefore, a greater weight number (indicated in the American standard by the abbreviation wt) indicates a thinner, finer thread. The American standard of thread weight was adopted from the Gunze Count standard of Japan which uses two numbers separated by a forward slash. The first number corresponds to the wt number of the thread and the second number indicates how many strands of fiber were used to compose the finished thread. It is common to wrap three strands of the same weight to make one thread, though this is not a formal requirement in the US standard (which is therefore less informative).

Thread Weight Table
Weight Gunze Count Common Use[᱒]
Light 60 wt #60/3 bobbin or appliqué
Thin 50 wt #50/3 bobbin or appliqué
Regular 40 wt #40/3 Quilting
Upholstery 30 wt #30/3 Decorative
Heavy 20 wt #20/3 Decorative
Converting From Converting To Method
Weight Denier 9000 / weight
Weight Tex 1000 / weight
Denier Weight 9000 / denier
Denier Tex denier / 9
Tex Denier tex x 9
Tex Weight 1000 / tex
  • Eisengarn ('iron yarn')
  • Hank (textile)
  • Sewing needle
  • Staple (textiles)
  • Stitch (textile arts)
  • "Thread Tips - Threads for Quilters". Quilting.about.com. 2011-10-16. Retrieved 2011-11-30. 
  • "How to choose the right thread for your project and your sewing machine". Quiltbug.com. Retrieved 2011-11-30.