ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ

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ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ

ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱾[᱑] ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱑᱙᱗᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱝᱜᱚᱞᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱨᱮ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱢᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱒᱗,᱐᱖᱐ (᱑᱓.᱕ ᱴᱚᱱ) ᱟᱨ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱓ ᱯᱷᱩᱴ ᱘ ᱤᱸᱪ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱹᱞᱪᱷᱟᱹ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱾


ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱛᱚᱨᱟ ᱑᱐᱐ ᱠᱤᱞᱚ ᱜᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒᱒ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾


ᱵᱤᱨ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱸᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱚᱯᱚᱞ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱣ ᱵᱷᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱸᱴ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱭ ᱵᱟᱹᱭ ᱥᱟᱰᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱟᱞᱢᱟᱨᱟᱣᱟ, ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱟᱸᱡᱚᱢ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱸᱯᱟᱸᱡᱚᱢ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱤᱧ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱾ [᱒] ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱦᱟᱨᱛᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱹᱦᱩ ᱟᱠᱚᱭ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱢ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱩᱱ ᱡᱟᱸᱜᱟ, ᱵᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱫ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱟᱭᱞᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱯᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ (trunk) ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱣᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱠᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱡᱚᱝ ᱛᱮ ᱰᱟᱸᱴ-ᱢᱚᱴ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱥᱟᱺᱦᱤᱡ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢᱟᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱛ-ᱞᱩᱛ ᱦᱟᱢᱟᱞ ᱜᱮ ᱾

ᱥᱩᱸᱴ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱟ, ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱞᱩᱴᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ ᱛᱚ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱱᱤᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱵ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟ, ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ,ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱤᱞ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱹᱵᱽᱲᱩ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱟᱹᱬ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤᱵᱽ (sensitive) ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ, ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱢᱩᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱴᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱸᱴᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱓] [᱔]

ᱰᱟᱴᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱣᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱱᱩᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱰᱟᱴᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱟᱸᱛᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱰᱟᱴᱟ ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱢᱤᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨᱤ ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱰᱟᱴᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱹᱠᱷᱨᱩᱧ ᱮᱫ-ᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟᱛ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱸᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱩᱸᱴ ᱛᱩᱞ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱷᱚᱸ~ᱯᱷᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱰᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱷᱮᱯᱮᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱡᱟᱹᱱᱤ ᱱᱩᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱮᱯᱮᱫ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱠ ᱞᱩᱛᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ, ᱰᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱞᱩᱛᱩᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱩᱛᱩᱨ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ, ᱟᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱲᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱮᱸᱜᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱸᱰᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱧ ᱰᱟᱴᱟ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱸᱰᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱤᱛ ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. http://www3.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/african-elephant.html%7Ctitle=African Elephant
  2. http://www.animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/african-elephant
  3. http://news.discovery.com/animals/hungry-elephants-are-no-match-for-fearless-ants.html#mkcpgn=rssnws1 |title=Hungry Elephants Are No Match for Fearless Ants : Discovery News
  4. Mutualism with ants occur on Acacia trees in Africa, such as the Whistling Thorn acacia. The acacias provide shelter for ants in the thorns and nectar in extrafloral nectaries for their symbiotic ants such as Crematogaster mimosae. In turn, the ants protect the plant by attacking large mammalian herbivores and stem-boring beetles which damage the plant.