ᱩᱯᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨᱡᱤᱛ ᱠᱚᱣᱨ

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ᱩᱯᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨᱡᱤᱛ ᱠᱚᱣᱨ
ᱮᱢ.ᱮᱞ.ᱮ., ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑᱙᱙᱗ - ᱒᱐᱑᱒
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱩᱨᱢᱮᱞ ᱥᱤᱝ (ᱨᱟᱡᱽ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟ.)
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱱᱚᱵᱽᱛᱮᱡᱽ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱪᱮᱢᱟ
ᱵᱟᱪᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱥᱩᱞᱛᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨ
ᱴᱮᱠᱱᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱮᱡᱩᱠᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱸᱰᱩᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱴᱨᱮᱱᱤᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑᱙᱙᱗ -᱒᱐᱐᱒
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨ ᱠᱚᱣᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱴᱟᱞ
ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱐᱐᱗ - ᱒᱐᱑᱐
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱦᱟᱨᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱡᱚᱦᱟᱨ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱮᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱥᱮᱠᱷᱣᱟᱱ
ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱨᱛᱚᱱ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
ᱚᱠᱴᱳᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ - ᱢᱟᱨᱪ ᱒᱐᱑᱒
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱯᱨᱤᱛ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱵᱟᱫᱚᱞ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱚᱨᱢᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱫᱷᱤᱸᱫᱽᱥᱟ
ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱᱟᱞ ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱ
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱥᱤᱨᱚᱢᱚᱱᱤ ᱟᱠᱟᱞᱤ ᱫᱟᱞ
ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱯᱩᱨᱛᱷᱟᱞᱟ, ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ

ᱰᱨ. ᱩᱯᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨᱡᱤᱛ ᱠᱚᱣᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱨᱟᱡᱽ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱥᱤᱨᱳᱢᱚᱬᱤ ᱚᱠᱟᱞᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱛᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱚᱠᱴᱳᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱞ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟ. ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱨᱛᱚᱱ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱤᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱥ. ᱟᱛᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱠᱟᱞᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱭᱳᱣᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱤ ᱛᱮᱡᱽ ᱠᱚᱣᱨ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤ (economic) ᱛᱮ ᱮᱢ.ᱮ. ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ, ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱳᱰ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱢ.ᱮ. ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ, ᱯᱟᱴᱤᱭᱟᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ Ph.D. ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱪᱷᱟ.ᱴᱭᱟ.ᱨ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱠᱮᱨᱤᱭᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱩᱯᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨᱡᱤᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱠᱚᱱᱚᱢᱤᱠᱥ ᱮ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱨᱚᱯᱷᱮᱥᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱨᱩ ᱱᱟᱱᱚᱠ ᱠᱷᱟᱞᱥᱟ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ, ᱥᱩᱞᱛᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨ ᱞᱳᱰᱷᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱟ.ᱯᱩᱨᱛᱷᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱪᱮᱛ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ 'ᱰᱮᱵᱽᱞᱚᱯᱢᱮᱴ ᱚᱯ ᱛᱷᱮᱣᱨᱤ ᱚᱯᱷ ᱰᱤᱢᱟᱰ' ᱟᱨ 'ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱨᱤᱞᱤᱡᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱰ ᱤᱠᱚᱱᱚᱢᱤᱠ ᱰᱮᱵᱽᱞᱚᱯᱢᱮᱴ' ᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ 'ᱱᱳᱱ ᱤᱠᱚᱱᱚᱢᱤᱠ ᱯᱷᱮᱠᱴᱚᱨ' ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟ.ᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱟᱞᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱛᱩᱱᱠᱷᱤ ᱞᱟᱪᱷᱟ, ᱫᱤ ᱯᱞᱮᱥ ᱮᱱᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱴᱥ ᱳᱯᱷ ᱳᱢᱮᱱ ᱤᱱ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱥᱳᱥᱟᱭᱴᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱰᱨ. ᱜᱚᱸᱫᱟ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱢᱮᱢᱳᱨᱤᱭᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟ. ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱢᱟ.ᱱ ᱦᱟᱞᱟᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱨᱟᱡᱽ-ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱙᱙᱗ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱥᱩᱞᱛᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱠᱟᱞᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱴᱤᱠᱮᱴ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱨᱠᱟᱥ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱵᱟᱫᱚᱞ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱮᱵᱤᱱᱮᱴ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱴᱮᱠᱱᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱮᱫᱩᱠᱮᱥᱚᱱ , ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱷᱟᱨᱮᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟ.ᱠᱷᱩᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱩᱛᱱᱟ.ᱣ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱟ.ᱨᱭᱟ. ᱟᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾

ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐᱐᱒ ᱟᱨ ᱒᱐᱐᱗ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱩᱞᱛᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱐᱗ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱮᱵᱤᱱᱮᱱᱴ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ, civil aviation , ᱥᱚᱱᱛᱚᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱭᱟᱭ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱱᱯᱨᱤᱛ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱵᱟᱫᱚᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱪᱚᱜ ᱠᱮᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱟᱭᱱᱟᱱᱥ ᱢᱤᱱᱤᱥᱴᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱞ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟ. ᱯᱷᱟᱭᱱᱟᱱᱥ ᱢᱤᱱᱤᱥᱴᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱵᱤᱷᱟᱱᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱥᱚᱢᱤᱛᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱺ ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟ. ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ, ᱚᱱᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ, ᱯᱚᱵᱞᱤᱠ ᱟᱱᱰᱚᱨ ᱴᱮᱠᱤᱝ ᱠᱚᱢᱤᱴᱤ, ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱒ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟ. ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱗᱒ ᱵᱚᱨᱥᱚ ᱵᱚᱭᱚᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱟ.ᱛᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://www.amazon.com/Sikh-Religion-Economic-Development-Upinder/dp/8185135487

http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/statisticalreports/SE_1997/StatiscialReport-PU97.pdf

http://upinderjitkaur.com/PDF/BIO-DATA%20FM%20Punjab-2011.pdf

http://www.travelindia-guide.com/assembly-elections/punjab/results/2002.aspx

http://www.tribuneindia.com/2002/20020227/punjab-mlas.htm

https://web.archive.org/web/20130508085551/http://www.indian-elections.com/assembly-elections/punjab/election-result-07.html

http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/Punjab/Upinderjit-Kaur-is-new-Punjab-finance-minister/Article1-615534.aspx

http://www.punjabnewsline.com/news/Upinderjit-Kaur-becomes-first-woman-Finance-Minister-of-Punjab.html