ᱮᱲᱮ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱮᱲᱮ (ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟ) ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ‌ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨᱟ ᱾[᱑][᱒][᱓][᱔]

ᱮᱲᱮ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱷᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱥᱮ ᱰᱷᱚᱝ ᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱡᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱟᱭ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱟᱵᱽᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱭ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣ ᱥᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱤᱡ‌ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱜ ᱾ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱮᱛᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱮᱫ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱡᱮ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱤᱡ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱚᱱᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱨᱟᱢᱟᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱣ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱤᱨᱟᱫᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱭᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱚᱱᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱮᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱟᱭ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱯᱟᱹᱦᱤᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫᱟᱭ, ᱥᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱮᱣᱟ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾

ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱨᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱟᱨᱤᱯᱷ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱨᱦᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱮ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱮᱭᱟᱭ, ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱟᱢ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱜᱮᱢ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱮᱫ-ᱟ, ᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱩᱥᱤ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱭᱟᱭ ᱾

ᱮᱲᱮ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱲᱮ ᱠᱛᱟᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱦᱱᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Carson, Thomas L. (2012). Lying and deception : theory and practice. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199654802. OCLC 769544997. 
  2. Mahon, James Edwin (2008-02-21). "The Definition of Lying and Deception". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Archived from the original on 2019-03-18. Retrieved 2018-12-29.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  3. Mahon, James Edwin (2008). "Two Definitions of Lying". International Journal of Applied Philosophy. 22 (2): 211–230. doi:10.5840/ijap200822216. ISSN 0739-098X. 
  4. Meibauer, Jörg, ed. (2018-11-15). The Oxford Handbook of Lying. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198736578.001.0001. ISBN 978-0198736578.