ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱠᱚ

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ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱤᱥᱟ.ᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ : ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ, ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ, ᱥᱩᱫᱫᱷᱤ, ᱥᱟᱨᱟᱠᱤᱥ, ᱢᱤᱦᱟᱡᱤᱨ, ᱵᱟᱞᱳᱪᱤ, ᱦᱤᱱᱰᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱱ, ᱪᱤᱛᱨᱤᱥ, ᱜᱩᱡᱽᱨᱟᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚ' ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱚ | ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨᱤ, ᱠᱟᱞᱟᱥ, ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱥᱳ, ᱠᱷᱚᱣᱟᱨ, ᱯᱷᱮᱞᱤᱥᱴᱟᱱᱤᱥ, ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱨᱟ, ᱥᱤᱱᱟ, ᱠᱟᱞᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱞᱴᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ'ᱭᱮ' ᱦᱤᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ |[᱑] ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱨᱱ 1.7 ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱮᱞᱨᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ |[᱒] ᱡᱟ'ᱦᱟ'ᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱭᱵᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱷᱛᱩᱱᱠᱷᱣᱟ (ᱠᱮ.ᱯᱤ.) ᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟ.ᱫᱤᱵᱟ.ᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ (ᱮᱯᱷ.ᱮ.ᱴᱤ.ᱮ) ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱪᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱣᱟᱴᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱦᱤᱥ ᱜᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱮᱱ 30 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟ.ᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱠᱷᱛᱩᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱓]

ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ - ᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ, ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱜᱤᱨᱟ.ᱵᱟ.ᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ , ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱠᱷᱯᱱ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱦᱟ.ᱴᱤᱧᱚᱜ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱧᱩᱛ ᱨᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱥ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ' ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱡᱟ.ᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱤᱱ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱭᱮᱫ-ᱟ | ᱥᱤᱫᱷᱤ ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱤᱢ ᱞᱟᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱯᱷᱤ ᱥᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟ'ᱴ ᱮᱞᱟᱝ - ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ | ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱞᱟ.ᱭ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱜᱟ.ᱠᱷᱩᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱦ ᱟᱵᱽᱫᱩᱞ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱯ ᱵᱷᱟᱭ, ᱞᱟᱞ ᱥᱟᱦᱵᱟᱡᱽ ᱠᱟᱢᱟᱞᱟᱨ, ᱡᱷᱩᱞᱮᱞᱟ, ᱥᱟᱪᱟᱞ ᱥᱟᱨᱢᱟᱥᱴᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱩᱢᱟᱞ |

ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱯᱟᱠᱩᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ 91 ᱦᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ | ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱤᱨᱟ.ᱵᱟᱥ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱵᱤᱫᱟᱨᱤᱥ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ' ᱦᱚ' ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱠᱟ.ᱣᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ, ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱛᱟ ᱦᱟ.ᱴᱤᱧ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱡᱩᱢᱤᱫᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱮ ᱠᱭᱩ.ᱚ.ᱮᱢ.ᱮᱪ ᱦᱤᱥ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱟ.ᱴᱩᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱮᱨᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱟ.ᱨᱤᱜᱚᱞ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ | ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱡᱟ.ᱢᱤᱫᱟᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱡᱟ'ᱴ, ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱯᱩᱛ, ᱥᱮᱠᱷ ᱥᱮ ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱤᱢ ᱠᱷᱟᱛᱨᱤ , ᱜᱩᱨᱡᱟᱨ, ᱟᱣᱟᱝᱥ,ᱟᱱᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱫᱫᱽᱥ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱷᱟ.ᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱟᱰᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ, ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨᱤ, ᱛᱟᱥᱛᱩᱱ, ᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱞᱚᱪ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱦᱚ' ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ | ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱩᱥᱟᱞ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱟᱨ, ᱞᱚᱦᱟᱨ, ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱨ, ᱛᱟᱨᱠᱷᱟᱱ, ᱡᱩᱞᱦᱟ, ᱢᱩᱪᱤ, ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱢ, ᱪᱷᱤᱢᱵᱟ, ᱫᱟᱨᱡᱤ, ᱛᱮᱞᱤ, ᱞᱟᱞᱟᱨᱤ, ᱠᱟᱥᱟᱵᱽ, ᱢᱟᱞᱞᱦᱟᱨ, ᱫᱷᱚᱵᱤ ᱢᱤᱥᱟᱨᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱰᱩᱧ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚ' ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱢᱤᱫᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |।[᱔][᱕][᱖]

ᱛᱟᱥᱛᱩᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱥᱛᱩᱱ ᱥᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱷᱴᱩᱱ   (ᱚᱠᱟ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱴᱷᱟᱱ ᱦᱚ'), ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ , ᱡᱟ'ᱦᱟ'ᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱮᱱ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱜᱤᱨᱟ. ᱵᱟᱥ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ | ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱱᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ'ᱱ ᱠᱟᱱ | ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱮᱥᱛᱩ, ᱤᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱴ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ 30 ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ |[᱗]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "UNHCR welcomes new government policy for Afghans in Pakistan". Pakistan: unhcrpk.org. 2016. 
  2. "UNHCR welcomes new government policy for Afghans in Pakistan". Pakistan: unhcrpk.org. 2016. 
  3. "Voluntary Repatriation Update" (PDF). Pakistan: UNHCR. ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2017-11-26. 
  4. Thorburn, S. S. (1983). Musalmans and Money Lenders in the Punjab ((reprint) ed.). New Delhi: Mittal Publications. ISBN 9789351137481. 
  5. Mirza, Z.I., Hassan, M.U. and Bandaragoda, D.J., 1997. Socio-Economic Baseline Survey for a Pilot Project on Water Users Organizations in the Hakra 4-R Distributary Command Area, Punjab.[᱑]template[dead link]
  6. Nazir, P., 1993. Social structure, ideology and language: caste among Muslims. Economic and Political Weekly, pp. 2897-2900.
  7. Livingston, Ian S. and Michael O'Hanlon (March 30, 2011). "Pakistan Index: Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security Archived ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱔, ᱒᱐᱑᱔ at the Wayback Machine.". Brookings Institution.