ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ
Tutmask

ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ (dynasty) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾

ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ

ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱩᱛᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ,ᱡᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱱᱤ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱤᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱛᱛᱟ ᱨᱤᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱮᱥᱴᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ, ᱡᱟᱢᱤᱸᱫᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱢᱟᱸᱰ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱜᱟᱫᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱩᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱡ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱵᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱥᱮ ᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱢᱯᱨᱚᱵᱷᱩ ᱩᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱤᱠᱟᱹ ᱮᱭᱟ, ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱥᱭᱚ ᱩᱛᱨᱚ ᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱨᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱵᱚᱞᱚ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟ ᱟ᱾ ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱢᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱛᱨᱚᱫᱷᱤᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱤᱡ ᱜᱤᱫᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱜᱤᱫᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱟ᱾ ᱥᱟᱫᱨᱤᱥᱷᱭᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱤᱲᱷᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱛᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ , ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱑᱙᱓᱖ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱘᱐ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱝ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱱᱤᱠᱟᱨᱜᱩᱣᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾



ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱪᱟᱰ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Duguwa dynasty (c. 700 – c. 1075) Sayfawa dynasty (c. 1075 – 1846)

ᱢᱤᱥᱨᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱛᱷᱤᱭᱚᱯᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱜᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟ (Guinea)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱚᱨᱠᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱤ ᱡᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱟᱪᱷᱤᱱ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟS[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱪᱤᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

descended from a ruler in the Southern and Northern Dynasties)

ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱡᱨᱟᱭᱤᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Yamato dynasty, Imperial house of Japan (660 BC–ᱱᱤᱛᱟᱜ, with power fluctuating between absolute ruler to ceremonial figurehead to constitutional monarch)
Ryūkyū[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱞᱫᱤᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱷᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱸᱜᱚᱞᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱭᱟᱝᱢᱟᱨ (ᱵᱟᱨᱢᱟ)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱷᱤᱞᱤᱯᱤᱸᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Royal Families

ᱥᱨᱤ ᱞᱟᱸᱠᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱛᱚᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
ᱠᱚᱧᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Saudi Arabia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱤᱞᱮᱸᱰ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Hari Pun Chai dynasty (663 – 1293)
  • Phra Roung dynasty (Sukhothai Kingdom) (1237 – 1438)
  • Mangrai dynasty (1261 – 1578)
  • Eu Thong dynasty (1350 – 1370), (1388 – 1409)
  • Suphanabhumi dynasty (1370 – 1350), (1409 – 1569)
  • Phra Roung Dynasty (Ayutthaya Kingdom) (1569 – 1629)
  • Prasart Thong dynasty (1629 – 1688)
  • Bann Plu Luang dynasty (1688 – 1767)
  • Tipchakratiwong dynasty (Seven princes dynasty) (Lanna Kingdom) (1732 – 1932)
  • Thonburi dynasty (1767 – 1782)
  • Chakri dynasty (1782 onwards)

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱣᱤᱭᱟᱛᱱᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱪᱟᱢᱯᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
  • 1st dynasty (192 - 336)
  • 2nd dynasty (336 - 420)
  • 3rd dynasty (420 - 529)
  • 4th dynasty (529 - 758)
  • 5th dynasty (758 - 854)
  • 6th dynasty (854 - 989)
  • 7th dynasty (989 - 1044)
  • 8th dynasty (1044–1074)
  • 9th dynasty (1074–1139)
  • 10th dynasty (1139–1145)
  • 11th dynasty (1145–1190)
  • 12th dynasty (1190–1318)
  • 13th dynasty (1318–1390)
  • 14th dynasty (1390–1458)
  • 15th dynasty (1458–1471)
  • vacant (1471–1695)
  • Dynasty of Po Saktiraidaputih (1695–1822)

ᱭᱩᱨᱚᱯ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Austria[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Albania[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Armenia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Belgium[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Bosnia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Bulgaria[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Barbarians[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Bavarii[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Franks[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Huns[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

This is a list of rulers of the Huns. Period Ruler

  • Vund c. 360
  • Balamber 360 - 378
  • Baltazár (Alypbi) 378 - 390
  • Uldin (Khan of the Western Huns) 390 - 410
  • Donatus (Khan of the Eastern Black Sea Huns & beyond) 410 - 412
  • Charaton (Aksungur) 412 - 422
  • Octar[1] 422 - 432
  • Rugila 432-434
  • Bleda with Attila c. 434-c. 445
  • Attila "the Hun" c. 434-453
  • Ellac 453-c. 455
  • Tuldila fl. c. 457
  • Dengizich (Sabirs attack c.460-463) ?-469 with Hernach/BelkErmak
  • Hernach/BelkErmak[2] 469-503
  • House of Dulo Bulgaria (390-503) A Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans genealogy claims that the Dulo clan is descended from Attila the Hun.
Scirii[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
  • Edeko
  • Odoacer (435–493), was the 5th-century King of Italy
Avars[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Lombards[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
See Early kings of the Lombards.
Ostrogoths[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Suebi[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Vandals[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Visigoths[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Byzantine Empire[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱨᱚ ᱟᱴᱤᱭᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱰᱮᱱᱢᱟᱨᱠ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

France[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Georgia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Germany[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Bavaria[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Saxony[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Hungary[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Monaco[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Montenegro[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Iberia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Aragon[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Asturias[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Barcelona[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Castile[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
León[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Navarre[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Portugal[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Spain[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Before the unification of Castile and Aragon[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
After the unification of Castile and Aragon[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Ireland[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱤᱴᱞᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Netherlands[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Norway[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱚᱞᱮᱸᱰ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Romania[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Russia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Serbia[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Sweden[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Two Sicilies[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Sicily[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

British Isles (under English rule)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

England[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Ireland[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Scotland[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns (1603-1707)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

The crown of the Kingdom of England and Ireland merged with that of the Kingdom of Scotland to form a personal union between England-Ireland and Scotland (the former a personal union itself)

Personal Union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707-1801)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1921)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Personal Union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921-1949)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
UK [of GB and NI] (Without the personal union with Ireland) (1949–ᱱᱤᱛᱟᱝ)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Roman Empire[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱜᱟᱱᱨᱡᱽᱭᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱱᱤᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Though in elected governments rule does not pass automatically by inheritance, political power often accrues to generations of related individuals even in Republics. Eminence, Influence, familiarity, tradition, genetics, and even nepotism may contribute to this phenomenon.

Family dictatorships are a slightly different concept, where political power passes within a family due to the overwhelming authority of the leader, rather than informal power accrued to the family.

ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱢᱱᱤᱛᱤᱠ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱺ

ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ The Times Atlas of World History (third edition), ISBN, 0-7230-0304-1
  2. The State of Yue