ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ

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35 Vietnamese boat people 2

ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ (ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢᱤ: Thuyền nhân Việt Nam), ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚ'ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱢᱩᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱲᱦᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱑᱙᱗᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣᱚᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟᱲ. ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱧᱤᱨ ᱥᱟ.ᱝᱜᱤᱧ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ| ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱑᱙᱗᱘ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱗᱙ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱑᱙᱙᱐ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱦᱚᱵ ᱫᱚᱥᱚᱠ ᱦᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱞᱮᱛᱟᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ' ᱠᱟᱱᱟ| ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟ.ᱲᱟ. ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢᱤ (ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱒ ᱱᱤᱡᱩᱛ) ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱞᱟᱲᱪᱟᱲᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ'ᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱑᱙᱖᱕ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱙᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ' ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱤᱨ ᱵᱟ.ᱜᱤ ᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦ'ᱱᱟ| ᱱᱩᱠᱩ ᱟᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱠᱮᱱ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱞᱟᱲᱪᱟᱲᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ'ᱭ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱤᱨ ᱯᱷᱟᱨᱟᱠ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ|

ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱧᱤᱨ ᱵᱟ.ᱜᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱱᱟᱭ - ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱑᱙᱗᱕ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱙᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 800,000 ᱛᱟᱦᱮ' ᱠᱟᱱᱟ । ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣ ᱥᱮᱥᱮᱱᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱰᱟ.ᱠᱩ, ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱵᱷᱤᱲᱟᱱ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ.ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱨᱵᱟ'ᱶ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱯᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱫᱟᱯᱨᱟᱢ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ| ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱱᱤᱴ ᱴᱷᱟ:ᱭ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ - ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ , ᱡᱮᱞᱮ ᱠᱟ , ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱦᱚᱝ ᱠᱚᱝ, ᱤᱱᱰᱚᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱢᱟᱞᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱯᱷᱤᱞᱤᱯᱟᱭᱮᱱᱥ, ᱥᱤᱝᱜᱟᱯᱩᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ| ᱑᱙᱗᱙ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱗᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱢᱵᱚᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱽ ᱮᱦᱚᱵᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱦᱳᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱟ ᱫᱟ.ᱲ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱠᱚ, ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱗0,000 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚ' ᱵᱷᱮᱨ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ'ᱭᱮ' ᱜᱚᱣᱟᱝᱥᱤ, ᱪᱤᱱ ᱫᱷᱮᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱤᱨᱟᱱᱟ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱛᱮ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱩᱨᱞᱚᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱨᱟᱱᱟᱨᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱒00,000 ᱦᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨ ᱮᱱᱟ| [᱑] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢᱤ ᱯᱷᱟ.ᱫᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱢᱯᱚᱠᱤᱛᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱳᱣᱟ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤ ᱪᱷᱟᱴᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱦᱳᱣᱟ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱱ 43,000 ᱥᱚᱨᱚᱱᱟᱨᱛᱷᱤ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱢ ᱫᱩᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱟ.ᱲ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ|[᱒] 1980 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱚᱱᱟᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱒᱖0,000 ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱮᱱᱟ।[᱓] ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱟᱱᱟᱴ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱟ.ᱲᱦᱟ.ᱭ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱩᱞ ᱟ.ᱱ ᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ, ᱟᱨ ᱟᱰᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱚᱶ ᱛᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱛᱩᱯᱩᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱢᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱟᱯᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱡᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ - ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱤᱡᱩᱜ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱟᱝᱜᱚᱪᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ| 1 9 7 9 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱟᱯᱟᱞᱢᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱥᱮᱢᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱭᱱᱚᱢ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱤᱫᱚᱢ ᱵᱟ.ᱜᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱷ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱠᱚᱢᱟᱣ ᱞᱥ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱟᱨᱤᱭᱮᱱᱟ| ᱮᱛᱚᱢ - ᱥᱥᱢᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱛᱷᱟᱭᱤ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱝᱜᱚᱪ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫᱠᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱚᱛᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱨᱮᱡ ᱫᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟ., ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱩᱛᱱᱟ.ᱣ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ, ᱞᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱚᱲ ᱡᱚᱜᱟᱲ ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱱ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱨᱵᱟᱥ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱚᱛᱮᱱᱟ|

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Xinhua, New China News Agency, 5 January 1979
  2. Chang, Pao-min pg. 227
  3. Straits Times, 10 July 1989