ᱵᱷᱤᱱᱟᱭᱤ ᱫᱷᱚᱱᱚᱢᱟᱞ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱵᱷᱤᱱᱟᱭᱤ ᱫᱷᱚᱱᱚᱢᱟᱞ
Veena Dhanammal 1.jpg
Veenai Dhanammal, circa mid-1930s
ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ 1867
Georgetown, Chennai
ᱡᱮᱱᱨᱮᱥ Indian classical music
ᱚᱠᱩᱯᱮᱥᱚᱱ Veenai player
ᱵᱟᱡᱽᱱᱟ Veenai
ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ 1880–1938

ᱵᱷᱤᱱᱟᱭᱤ ᱫᱷᱚᱱᱚᱢᱟᱞ (Tamil: வீணை தனம்மாள்) (᱑᱘᱖᱗-᱑᱙᱓᱘) ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠᱤ ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱠᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠᱤ ᱨᱩ ᱚᱨᱚᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱚᱠᱷᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱱᱚᱦᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱥᱟᱞ ᱵᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱡᱩᱞ ᱦᱚᱴᱚ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱥᱚᱥᱥᱣᱚᱛᱤ ᱵᱤᱬᱟ ᱨᱩᱨᱩᱭᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱨᱩᱨᱭᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ᱟᱡ ᱵᱤᱬᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱤᱬᱟᱭᱤ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱬᱟ ᱨᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱱᱮᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱭᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

Veenai Dhanammal (left) with her daughter T. Lakshmirathnam and grandson, circa 1910-15.

ᱟᱬᱜᱟᱛ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱷᱚᱱᱢᱟᱞ ᱢᱟᱰᱨᱟᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱨᱡ ᱴᱟᱣᱱᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱠᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱢ ᱦᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱠᱟᱢᱟᱠᱥᱤ ᱢᱤ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱱᱮᱡᱤᱡ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱤᱡ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱱ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠᱤ ᱨᱩᱚᱨᱚᱝ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱭᱟᱢᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱥᱩᱵᱵᱚᱨᱚᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱛᱨᱤ ᱴᱷᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱮ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱷᱤᱱᱢᱟᱞ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱥᱚᱛᱚᱱᱩᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱪᱚᱱᱟᱛᱷᱚ ᱟᱭᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱣᱟᱞᱟᱡᱟᱯᱮᱛ ᱵᱟᱞᱚᱠᱨᱤᱥᱦᱱᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱴᱷᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱨᱩᱭ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱞᱟ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱯᱚᱫᱚᱢ ᱵᱚᱞᱚ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱭᱟ, ᱩᱱᱤᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱷᱮᱛᱨᱚᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱫᱚᱢᱥ ᱟᱡ ᱴᱷᱮᱫ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱤᱱᱟᱭᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱩ ᱥᱟᱯᱟᱵ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨᱩᱱ ᱨᱩ ᱥᱟᱯᱟᱵ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱵᱷᱤᱱᱟᱭᱤ ᱵᱤᱬᱟ ᱵᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱨᱩᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ᱟᱡᱟᱭ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱨᱩ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱠᱚᱨᱰᱤᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱰᱚᱠᱩᱢᱮᱱᱴ ᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨᱟ-ᱟ ᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱰᱷᱟᱸᱪᱟ ᱵᱦᱤᱱᱟᱭᱤ ᱫᱷᱚᱱᱚᱢᱟᱞ ᱵᱟᱬᱤ ᱛᱮᱦᱮᱧ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢᱯᱚᱨᱤᱠ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱟᱵ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱷᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱨᱮᱤᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱠᱟ , ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱚᱜ ᱴᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱵᱷᱩᱨ ᱨᱩ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ, ᱥᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨ ᱥᱩᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱧᱮᱛᱮᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱾ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱥᱤᱢᱟᱪᱟᱨᱞᱩ, ᱢᱩᱴᱤᱭᱟᱞᱯᱮᱴ ᱯᱳᱱᱱᱩᱥᱣᱟᱢᱤ, ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱵᱷᱳᱛᱨᱤᱭᱩᱨ ᱛᱭᱟᱜᱭᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨᱤ ᱥᱩᱵᱵᱚᱨᱚᱭᱟᱨ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱚᱱᱢᱟᱞ-ᱟ ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱮ ᱯᱟᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱵᱷᱟᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱢ ᱜᱤᱫᱨᱟᱹ ᱴᱤ ᱥᱚᱸᱠᱚᱨᱚᱱ, ᱮᱱᱮᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱤᱹ ᱵᱟᱞᱟᱥᱚᱨᱚᱥᱣᱚᱛᱤ, ᱴᱤ ᱢᱩᱠᱛᱷᱟ, ᱴᱤ ᱵᱨᱩᱱᱫᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱤ ᱵᱤᱥᱣᱚᱱᱟᱛᱷᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱟᱞ , ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾"[᱑]

0᱓ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱴᱟᱢᱯ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱷᱟᱯᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Pesch, Ludwig. The Illustrated Guide to South Indian Classical Music, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999, p. 264.
  2. "Stamps - 2010". Department of Posts, Government of India. Archived from the original on 14 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2013. Retrieved 2 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2013.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • SubbaRao, T. V. Studies in Indian Music, Asia Publishing House, London, 1962.
  • Ayyangar, R. R. History of South Indian (Carnatic) Music, Published by the author, Madras, 1972.
  • Pesch, Ludwig. The Illustrated Guide to South Indian Classical Music, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.