ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ
తెలుగు లిపి
Telugu in Suranna font.png
ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ
ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛ
ᱜᱳᱱᱰᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ
c. ᱑᱓᱐᱐ CE–ᱱᱤᱛ[᱑]
ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ
ᱢᱤᱥᱨᱟ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱲ
ᱟᱭᱮᱥᱳ ᱑᱕᱙᱒᱔ Telu,
U+0C00–U+0C7F
[ᱚ] ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱦᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱢᱮᱴᱤᱠ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱛᱟᱣᱟ᱾

ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱩᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ: తెలుగు లిపి; ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱩᱜᱩ ᱞᱤᱯᱤ) ᱫᱚ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱦᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱵᱩᱜᱤᱫᱟ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱮᱞᱮᱝᱜᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱳᱱᱰᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱪᱟᱞᱩᱠᱭᱚ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱷᱚᱰᱟᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱝᱜᱤ ᱪᱟᱞᱩᱠᱭᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱲ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱢᱤᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱦᱢᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱫᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱴᱴᱤᱯᱨᱳᱞᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱒᱐᱐᱘ ᱨᱮ, ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱹᱬ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱨᱟᱹᱫᱟᱹᱞ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱞᱟᱥᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾[᱖]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱳᱣᱨᱡᱳ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱦᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱨᱟᱥᱱᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱴᱴᱤᱯᱨᱳᱞᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱵᱩᱫᱽᱫᱷᱚ ᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱹᱯᱩᱫ ᱥᱟᱨᱮᱡ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱗][᱘] ᱥᱩᱨᱼᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱜᱷᱟᱸᱴᱟᱥᱟᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱥᱩᱞᱤᱢᱚᱴᱴᱚᱱᱚᱢ ᱵᱚᱱᱫᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱙] ᱵᱷᱟᱴᱴᱤᱯᱨᱳᱞᱩ ᱵᱽᱨᱟᱦᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱕ᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱭᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱫᱟᱢᱵᱽ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱗ᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱭᱚᱛ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ-ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱰ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (ᱥᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱲ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ) ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱑᱐] ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱑᱓᱐᱐ ᱥᱤ.ᱤ ᱠᱚᱛᱮ, ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱲ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱑][᱑᱑][᱑᱒] ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱤᱢ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱸᱰᱮᱛ ᱟᱞᱼᱵᱤᱨᱩᱱᱤ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱜᱮ "ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱤ" ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱭ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾[᱑᱓]

ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱮᱼᱤᱨᱟᱹᱞ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱜ (Diacritic) ᱨᱩᱯ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ భ (ᱵᱷᱚ) ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ భ (ᱵᱷᱚ) ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ
a /a/ భా ā /aː/
భి i /i/ భీ ī /iː/
భు u /u/ భూ ū /uː/
భృ /ɾu/ (syllabic r) భౄ r̥̄ /ɾuː/
భౢ /lu/ (syllabic l) భౣ l̥̄ /lu:/
భె e /e/ భే ē /eː/
భై ai /aj/
భొ o /o/ భో ō /oː/
భౌ au /aw/

ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱥᱮ ᱮᱠᱞᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ (ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ: a, u, o)᱾ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱜ (diacritic) ᱨᱩᱯ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱮ ᱟᱹᱨᱩᱭᱟ᱾

ᱫᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹ:

ఖ + ఈ (ీ) → ఖీ /kʰa/ + /iː//kʰiː/
జ + ఉ (ు) → జు /dʒa/ + /u//dʒu/

ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱡ.ᱟ.ᱪ
k /k/ kh /kʰ/ g /ɡ/ gh /ɡʱ/ /ŋ/
ch /tʃ/ chh /tʃʰ/ j /dʒ/ jh /dʒʱ/ ñ /ɲ/
/ʈ/ ṭh /ʈʰ/ /ɖ/ ḍh /ɖʱ/ /ɳ/
t /t/ th /tʰ/ d /d/ dh /dʱ/ n /n/
p /p/ ph /pʰ/ b /b/ bh /bʱ/ m /m/
y /j/ r /ɾ/ l /l/ v /ʋ/ /ɭ/
ś /ʃ/ /ʂ/ s /s/ h /h/ /r/

ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ
అం aṁ అఁ an̆ అః aḥ క్ k

ᱫᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹ:

క + ్ → క్    [ka] + [∅][k]
క + ఁ → కఁ [ka] + [n][kan̆]
క + ం → కం [ka] + [m][kaṁ]
క + ః → కః [ka] + [h][kaḥ]

ᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱖ ᱑᱖ ᱑᱖ ᱑᱖

ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ: , , ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ​᱖᱔, ​᱖᱔, ​᱖᱔, ​᱑᱐᱒᱔, ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨ , , ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ​᱒᱕᱖, ​᱒᱕᱖, ​᱒᱕᱖, ​᱔᱐᱙᱖, ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱑᱔]

ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ, ᱑᱙᱙᱑ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑.᱐ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱮᱜᱩ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱵᱞᱚᱠ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ U+0C00–U+0C7F:

ᱛᱮᱹᱞᱩᱜᱩ[1][2]
ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟᱢ ᱠᱳᱰ ᱪᱟᱨᱴ (ᱯᱤ.ᱰᱤ.ᱮᱯᱷ)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+0C0x
U+0C1x
U+0C2x
U+0C3x ి
U+0C4x
U+0C5x
U+0C6x
U+0C7x ౿
ᱱᱳᱴᱥ
᱑.^ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱠᱳᱰ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱟᱱ ᱑᱔.᱐ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ
᱒.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ Indian Epigraphy: a guide to the study of inscriptions in Sanskrit, Prakrit, and the other Indo-Aryan languages, by Richard Solomon, Oxford University Press, 1998, p.41, ISBN 0-19-509984-2
  2. Handbook of Literacy in Akshara Orthography, R. Malatesha Joshi, Catherine McBride(2019),p.29
  3. Salmon 1999, p. 35
  4. "Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs". Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  5. http://www.engr.mun.ca/~adluri/telugu/language/script/chart.jpg
  6. "Declaration of Telugu and Kannada as classical languages". Press Information Bureau. Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Government of India. Retrieved 31 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2008. 
  7. Antiquity of Telugu language and script: http://www.hindu.com/2007/12/20/stories/2007122054820600.htm
  8. Ananda Buddha Vihara Archived ᱒᱐᱐᱗-᱐᱙-᱓᱐ at the Wayback Machine.
  9. The Great Stupa at Nagarjunakonda in Southern India-【佛学研究网】 佛教文化网 中国佛教网 中国佛学网 佛教信息网 佛教研究 佛学讲座 禅学讲座 吴言生说禅
  10. Diringer, David (1948). Alphabet a key to the history of mankind. p. 381. 
  11. The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Writing Systems by Florian Coulmas, p. 228
  12. Murthy, K.N.; Rao, G.U. "4.5 Telugu Script" (PDF). 
  13. Al-biruni. English translation of 'Kitab-ul Hind'. New Delhi: National Book Trust. 
  14. Nāgārjuna Venna. "Telugu Measures and Arithmetic Marks" (PDF). JTC1/SC2/WG2 N3156. International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 29, 2012.