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ᱟᱥᱤᱢᱟ ᱪᱟᱴᱟᱨᱡᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ

ᱟᱥᱤᱢᱟ ᱪᱟᱴᱟᱨᱡᱤ (23 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 1917ᱼ22 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2006) ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱳᱨᱜᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱥᱤᱥᱴ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱳᱨᱜᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱠᱤᱢᱤᱥᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱟᱭᱴᱳᱢᱮᱰᱤᱥᱤᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾[᱑] ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱮᱥ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱢᱩᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱝᱠᱟ ᱮᱞᱠᱟᱞᱚᱭᱰᱥ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱚᱞᱟᱥ,ᱮᱯᱤᱞᱤᱯᱴᱤᱠ ᱵᱤᱨᱩᱫᱷᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱞᱟᱨᱤ ᱵᱤᱨᱩᱫᱷᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱩᱯᱚᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱚᱛᱢᱚᱱ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱭᱤᱱᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱰᱚᱠᱴᱳᱨᱮᱴ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱾[᱒]

ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱥᱤᱢᱟ ᱪᱮᱴᱪᱟᱨᱡᱤ 1917 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾[᱓] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱼᱜᱟᱹᱨᱥ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱸᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱵᱚᱭᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱢ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱮᱱᱮᱢ ᱾[᱔] ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱤᱱᱫᱨᱚ ᱱᱟᱨᱟᱭᱚᱱ ᱢᱩᱠᱚᱨᱡᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱢᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱵᱚᱭᱦᱟᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱳᱴᱟᱱᱤᱭ ᱠᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱴᱷᱟᱶᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱮᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱩᱪᱤᱭ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ, ᱫᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱶᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱮᱭᱟᱞ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱶᱦᱟᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ 1936 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱠᱳᱴᱤᱥ ᱪᱟᱨᱪ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱥᱚᱼᱫᱩᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱚᱢᱜᱮ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱞᱮᱫᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱷᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱕]

ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱤᱫ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱩᱱᱫᱚ ᱮᱥᱤᱢᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱚᱥᱚᱼᱫᱩᱛᱚᱱᱚ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ 1936 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱠᱳᱴᱤᱥ ᱪᱟᱨᱪ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱮ ᱵᱨᱮᱡᱤᱭᱩᱴ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱳᱨᱱᱤᱠ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱥ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱟᱨ 1938 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱮ ᱴᱮᱠᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱰᱤ ᱮᱥ ᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱾ 1944 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱰᱚᱠᱴᱳᱨᱮᱴ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱾[᱖] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱰᱤᱠᱟᱨᱴᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱥᱤᱥᱴ ᱯᱨᱯᱷᱚᱞᱞᱟ ᱪᱚᱱᱫᱨᱳ ᱨᱟᱭ (ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱥᱤᱥᱴᱚ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱷᱚᱫᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ) ᱟᱨ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱤᱢᱤᱥᱤᱥᱴ ᱥᱚᱛᱮᱱᱫᱨᱳ ᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱵᱳᱥ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱚᱛᱢᱚᱱᱩ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱩᱨᱤᱵ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱱᱛᱷᱮᱴᱤᱠ ᱡᱮᱹᱵᱤᱠ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱥᱤᱥᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱩᱭᱟᱹᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱮᱥᱮᱨᱟᱱ ᱮᱞᱠᱟᱞᱚᱭᱰᱥ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢᱼᱰᱚᱠᱴᱳᱨᱮᱞ ᱛᱚᱞᱟᱥ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱭᱠᱥᱳᱱᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱞᱴᱤᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱥᱚᱞᱳ ᱡᱮᱠᱢᱤᱥᱴᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱞᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱾

ᱱᱤᱡᱮᱨ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱩᱱᱤ 1945 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱡᱷᱤᱥᱤᱠᱮᱞᱼᱠᱮᱢᱤᱥᱴᱤᱥ ᱵᱟᱨᱫᱟᱱᱚᱱᱫᱚ ᱪᱮᱴᱪᱟᱨᱡᱤ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱮᱨᱟ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱩᱞᱤ ᱾[᱗] 22 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2006 ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱳᱢ ᱨᱮ 89 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱩᱢᱮᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱨᱮᱢᱪᱚᱱᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱭᱪᱚᱱᱫᱚ ᱥᱳᱞᱟᱨ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱘]
  • 1962 ᱠᱷᱚᱱ 1982 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱠᱮᱞᱠᱟᱴᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱚᱨᱮᱥ ᱪᱮᱨᱟᱭ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱤᱢᱤᱥᱴᱟᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱭᱨᱟ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱙]
  • 1972 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ , ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱠᱚᱢᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱪᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱩᱯᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱚᱞᱟᱥ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱚᱲᱚ ᱯᱨᱳᱜᱨᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱚᱭᱟᱨᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾[᱙]
  • 1960 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ , ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱟᱡᱽ ᱮᱠᱟᱫᱟᱢᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱷᱮᱞᱳ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾[᱙]
  • 1961 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ , ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱚᱥᱚᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱚᱱᱛᱤ ᱥᱚᱨᱩᱯ ᱵᱷᱟᱛᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾[᱙]
  • 1975 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ , ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱩᱥᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱥᱟᱭᱤᱱᱥ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱮᱥᱳᱥᱤᱭᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱵᱤᱵᱮᱥᱤᱠ ᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾[᱙]
  • ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱤ ᱮᱥ ᱥᱤ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ (ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱫ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱜᱤᱞ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾[᱙]
  • 1982 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱵᱨᱩᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ 1990 ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱳ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱚᱵᱽ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱨᱟᱹᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾[᱙]
  • 2017 ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ, ᱥᱟᱨᱪ ᱤᱱᱡᱤᱱ ᱜᱩᱜᱚᱞ ᱪᱮᱴᱪᱟᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟᱜ 100 ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱢᱟᱦᱟ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱨᱮ 24 ᱴᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱩᱜᱚᱞ ᱰᱩᱰᱚᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾[᱑᱐]
  • ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱤ ᱵᱷᱤ ᱨᱟᱢᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹᱭ, ᱯᱤ ᱥᱤ ᱨᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥ ᱮᱥ ᱵᱷᱟᱛᱱᱟᱜᱚᱨ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱟᱹᱭ ᱦᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾[᱑᱑]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

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  2. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named IAS
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  4. Jovita Aranha (23 September 2017). "Asima Chatterjee: All You Need to Know About One of India's First Woman Doctorates of Science!".
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  6. "Asima Chatterjee". Sci-Illustrate. 6 December 2019.
  7. Karthika S Nair (14 March 2020). "Women's History Month: Asima Chatterjee". Archived from the original on 8 December 2021. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  8. Chemistry alumni of Scottish Church College Error in Webarchive template: Empty url.
  9. ᱙.᱐ ᱙.᱑ ᱙.᱒ ᱙.᱓ ᱙.᱔ ᱙.᱕ ᱙.᱖ The Shaping of Indian Science. p. 1036. Indian Science Congress Association, Presidential Addresses By Indian Science Congress Association. Published by Orient Blackswan, 2003. ISBN 978-81-7371-433-7
  10. Smith, K.N. (23 September 2017). "Today's Google Doodle Honors Chemist Asima Chatterjee". Forbes (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  11. "Google honours Indian chemist Asima Chatterjee on 100th birthday". India Times. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2020.