ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱡᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ

ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ 'ᱴᱟᱢᱟᱨᱤᱸᱰ ᱴᱨᱤ' ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ 'ᱤᱸᱰᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱰᱮᱴ' ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱟᱢᱟᱱᱰᱚᱥ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱠᱟ (ᱞᱟᱴᱤᱱ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ) ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱡᱟᱞᱯᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟᱥ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱩᱛ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱟᱢᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱸᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱢᱞᱤ, ᱢᱚᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱢᱲᱤ, ᱪᱤᱧᱪᱤ, ᱛᱮᱞᱩᱜᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱛᱷᱟ, ᱦᱩᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱭᱟᱞᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱢᱞᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱟᱨᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱰᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱯᱟᱲᱟ ᱟᱴᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱚᱴᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱠᱞᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱥᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱥᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱲᱚᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱞᱮ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱯᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱟᱞᱟᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱡᱚ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱲᱵᱩᱝ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱚᱯᱟ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱤᱞ ᱛᱟᱜᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱚᱠᱟᱜ ᱚᱪᱚᱦ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱜᱩᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱴᱟ, ᱪᱟᱹᱴᱱᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱨᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱦᱮᱲᱮᱢ ᱫᱟᱹᱲ ᱨᱟᱥᱮ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱜᱩᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱹᱥᱨᱤ ᱫᱟᱹᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱪᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱹᱴᱱᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱡᱚᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱡᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱭ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱡ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱥᱟᱯᱷᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱤᱛ ᱠᱚᱜ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱛᱮ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱧᱚᱜᱽ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱸᱫᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱤᱢᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱪᱤ, ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱩᱛ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱤᱞᱤ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱟᱠᱵᱚᱨ ᱭᱤᱡ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱱᱥᱮ ᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱯᱟ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱞᱤᱭᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱯᱟ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

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  • Jean-Marc Boffa, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publisher Food & Agriculture Org., 1999. Agroforestry parklands in Sub-Saharan Africa Volume 34 of FAO conservation guide Agroforestry Parklands in Sub-Saharan Africa, 230 pages
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