ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱡᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ
Tamarind
Tamarindus indica pods.JPG
ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ
ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ: Plantae
ᱵᱟᱝᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ: Angiosperms
ᱵᱟᱝᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ: Eudicots
ᱵᱟᱝᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ: Rosids
ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱲ: Fabales
ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ: Fabaceae
ᱡᱚᱜᱚ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ: Detarioideae
ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ: Tamarindus
L.
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ: T. indica
ᱵᱟᱭᱱᱚᱢᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ
Tamarindus indica
L. 1753
Synonyms[᱓][᱔][᱕]
  • Cavaraea Speg. 1916
  • Cavaraea elegans Speg. 1916[᱒]
  • Tamarindus erythraeus Mattei 1908
  • Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn. 1791
  • Tamarindus officinalis Hook. 1851
  • Tamarindus somalensis Matteqi 1908
  • Tamarindus umbrosa Salisb. 1796

ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ 'ᱴᱟᱢᱟᱨᱤᱸᱰ ᱴᱨᱤ' ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ 'ᱤᱸᱰᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱰᱮᱴ' ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱟᱢᱟᱱᱰᱚᱥ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱠᱟ (ᱞᱟᱴᱤᱱ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ) ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱡᱟᱞᱯᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟᱥ ᱵᱚᱝᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱩᱛ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱟᱢᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱸᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱢᱞᱤ, ᱢᱚᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱢᱲᱤ, ᱪᱤᱧᱪᱤ, ᱛᱮᱞᱩᱜᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱛᱷᱟ, ᱦᱩᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱭᱟᱞᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱢᱞᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱟᱨᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱰᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱯᱟᱲᱟ ᱟᱴᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱚᱴᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱠᱞᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱥᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱥᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱲᱚᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱞᱮ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱮᱴᱟᱞ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱯᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱟᱞᱟᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱡᱚ ᱡᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱲᱵᱩᱝ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱚᱲ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱨᱚᱝ ᱧᱮᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱚᱯᱟ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱤᱞ ᱛᱟᱜᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱚᱠᱟᱜ ᱚᱪᱚᱦ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱜᱩᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱴᱟ, ᱪᱟᱹᱴᱱᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱨᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱦᱮᱲᱮᱢ ᱫᱟᱹᱲ ᱨᱟᱥᱮ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱜᱩᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱹᱥᱨᱤ ᱫᱟᱹᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱥᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱪᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱹᱴᱱᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱡᱚᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱡᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱭ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱡ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱥᱟᱯᱷᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱤᱛ ᱠᱚᱜ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱛᱮ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱧᱚᱜᱽ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱸᱫᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱤᱢᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱪᱤ, ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱩᱛ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱤᱞᱤ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱟᱠᱵᱚᱨ ᱭᱤᱡ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱱᱥᱮ ᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱯᱟ ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱞᱤᱭᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱯᱟ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱡᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱵᱤᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Bhumibhamon, S. 1988. Multi-purpose trees for small-farm use in the Central Plain of Thailand. D withington, K MacDicken., CB Sastyr and NR Adams, eds Multi-purpose trees for small-farm use: Proceedings of an International Workshop pp. 53–55. November 2–5, 1987, Pattaya Thailand.
  • Jean-Marc Boffa, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publisher Food & Agriculture Org., 1999. Agroforestry parklands in Sub-Saharan Africa Volume 34 of FAO conservation guide Agroforestry Parklands in Sub-Saharan Africa, 230 pages
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.). (1991). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution.
  • Joseph Dalton Hooker|Hooker, Joseph Dalton. (1879). The Flora of British India, Vol II. London: L. Reeve & Co.
  • Locke J, N Renner: 1991 Pod Form and Non-Pod Form Variants of Tamarind in Guadelupe Yaghoubian Agricultural Review 2:122–149
  • Michon G, F Mary, J Bopmart: 1986 Multi-Storied agroforestry Garden System in West Sumatra, Indonesia Agroforestry Systems 4:315–338
  • Narawane SP 1991 Success stories of Multi-purpose tree species production by small farmers in NG Hedge and JN Daniel eds, Multi-purpose tree species production by small farmers, proceedings of the National Workshop. January 28–31, 1991 Pune, India.
  • James Rennie: 1834. Alphabet of medical botany. Orr and Smith, 1834. 152 page 77. Google Books
  • George Spratt, 1830. Flora Medica: containing coloured delineations of the various medicinal plants admitted into the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin pharmacopœias; with their natural history, botanical descriptions,

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Rivers, M.C. & Mark, J. (2017). "Tamarindus indica": e.T62020997A62020999. 
  2. Speg. Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 82: 223 1916
  3. "Tamarindus indica L". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 28 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2017. 
  4. Quattrocchi U. (2012). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. Boca Raton, Louisiana: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. pp. 3667–3668. ISBN 9781420080445. 
  5. USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program (10 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2005). "Cavaraea Speg". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 28 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2017.