ᱡᱮᱢᱥ ᱠᱞᱚᱨᱠ ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ

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ᱡᱮᱢᱥ ᱠᱞᱚᱨᱠ ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ

Maxwell


ᱡᱮᱢᱥ ᱠᱞᱚᱨᱠ ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ (James Clerk Maxwell) ᱥᱠᱚᱴᱞᱟᱸᱰ (UK) ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱟᱨ Physicists ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱘᱖᱕ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱡᱽᱞᱤ ᱪᱩᱸᱵᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟ. ᱨᱟᱭ (Principles ) ᱮ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱧᱮᱱᱮᱞᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱟ.ᱭ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱞᱟᱥᱤᱠᱚᱞ ᱵᱤᱡᱽᱞᱤ ᱪᱩᱸᱵᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟ. ᱛᱷᱮᱣᱨᱤ ᱪᱩᱸᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱳᱯᱴᱤᱠᱥ ᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱷᱮᱣᱨᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱩᱭᱦᱟ.ᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱞᱥᱟ.ᱭ ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱥᱟᱞ ᱵᱤᱡᱽᱞᱤ ᱪᱩᱸᱵᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟ. ᱦᱮᱞᱠᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱞ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱠᱳᱴᱤᱥ ᱯᱷᱤᱡᱤᱥᱤᱥᱴ ᱡᱮᱢᱥ ᱠᱞᱚᱨᱠ ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱛᱷᱮᱣᱨᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱩᱞ ᱮ ᱟ.ᱜᱩ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾


ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ ᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱰᱤᱱᱵᱚᱨᱜᱽ (ᱥᱠᱳᱴᱞᱟᱸᱰ) ᱨᱮ ᱑᱓ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱘᱓᱑ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱰᱤᱱᱵᱚᱨᱜᱽ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱮᱸᱵᱽᱨᱤᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘᱕᱖ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱘᱖᱐ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱚᱱᱰᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱵᱚᱨᱰᱤᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱥᱚᱞ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱨᱠᱩᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱥ (Natural Philosophy ) ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱨᱚᱯᱷᱮᱥᱳᱨ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱑᱘᱖᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱖᱘ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱚᱱᱰᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱤᱝ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱤᱡᱤᱠᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱴᱨᱳᱱᱳᱢᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪᱤᱭᱟ. ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘᱖᱘ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟ.ᱠᱨᱤ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱤᱨᱟ.ᱣ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱑᱘᱗᱑ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱮᱸᱵᱽᱨᱤᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱠᱥᱯᱮᱨᱤᱢᱮᱱᱴᱟᱞ ᱯᱷᱤᱡᱤᱠᱥ ᱛᱷᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱨᱚᱯᱷᱮᱥᱳᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱺᱜᱤᱵᱷᱷᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱟᱞ ᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱱᱟ. ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱵᱚᱨᱤᱴᱳᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱩᱯᱨᱚᱝ ᱴᱷᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱮᱢᱥ ᱠᱞᱚᱨᱠ ᱢᱟᱠᱥᱣᱮᱞ ᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱘᱗᱙ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾


ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

http://www.dictionary.com/browse/maxwell

http://www.nikhef.nl/~h73/kn1c/praktikum/phywe/LEP/Experim/1_3_18.pdf

http://www.parliament.uk/edm/2005-06/2048

https://web.archive.org/web/20130531131420/http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/onlinestuff/People/James%20Clerk%20Maxwell%20183179.aspx

http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/Knots_and_physics.html

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://www.gutenberg.org/author/Maxwell,+James+Clerk

https://librivox.org/author/736

http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Maxwell.html

http://www.numericana.com/arms/maxwell.htm

http://www.clerkmaxwellfoundation.org/