ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ
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Malika Pukhraj (1912-2004) in 1920s.jpg
ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱑᱙᱒᱐, ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ
ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱑᱙᱑᱒
ᱦᱚᱢᱤᱨᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱤᱫᱷᱟᱨ, ᱡᱟᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ, ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱮᱱ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱭᱟ (present-day ᱡᱟᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ)
ᱢᱩᱬ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ
ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱔ ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱒᱐᱐᱔ (aged 92)
ᱞᱟᱦᱚᱨ, ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵ, Pakistan
ᱡᱮᱱᱨᱮᱥ Folk music ᱟᱨ ᱜᱷᱟᱦᱟᱞ
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ᱞᱮᱵᱮᱞ Radio Pakistan
All-India Radio

ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ (ᱩᱨᱫᱩ: ملكہ پکھراج‎) (1912–2004) ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱮᱢᱚᱥ ᱜᱟᱡᱟᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱟᱹᱡᱤᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ "ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ" ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭᱚ ᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱚᱠᱚᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱢᱟᱱᱮ "ᱫᱟ ᱠᱞᱤᱱ", ᱫᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱚᱲᱚᱝᱫᱷᱚᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱡᱢ ᱮᱱᱮᱡ, ᱟᱵᱤ ᱛᱟᱣᱩ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱭᱟ ᱡᱟᱣᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱸ ("ᱤᱧ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱵ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱩᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱤᱱᱤᱧ") ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱯᱷᱮᱢᱚᱥ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱠᱚᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ, ᱟᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱟᱹᱥᱠᱟᱹ ᱤᱫᱤᱭᱟ ᱾[᱑] ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱮᱢᱚᱥ ᱱᱳᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱞᱚ ᱯᱷᱤᱨ ᱵᱟᱥᱟᱸᱛ ᱮᱭᱮ ᱠᱩᱞᱤ ᱠᱩᱛᱩᱵ ᱟᱜ ᱯᱤᱭᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱤᱭᱟᱞᱟ ᱯᱤᱭᱟ. ᱡᱟᱭᱮ, ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱮᱡᱽ ᱟᱦᱢᱟᱫᱽ ᱯᱷᱮᱡᱽ ᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱛᱤᱞ ᱢᱮᱨᱮ ᱫᱤᱞᱫᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱨᱟᱦᱚ

ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱢᱤᱨᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱤᱫᱷᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱨᱚᱯᱷᱮᱥᱤᱣᱚᱱᱟᱞ (Professional) ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾[᱒] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱠᱷᱱᱩᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱯᱤᱨᱤᱴᱭᱩᱞᱤᱥ (Spiritualist), ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱨᱩᱴᱤ ᱨᱟᱢ 'ᱢᱟᱡᱟᱡᱚᱵᱽ'ᱤᱫᱩᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ "ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ" ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱡ ᱠᱟᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ (ᱥᱟᱥᱟᱝ ᱞᱤᱞ) ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱤᱢᱟᱫ ᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱨᱚᱯᱷᱮᱥᱤᱭᱚᱱᱟᱞ (Professional) ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹᱼᱮᱱᱮᱡᱤᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱓][᱔]

ᱢᱚᱞᱤᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱠᱷᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱝᱯᱟᱨᱤᱠ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫᱚᱜ ᱩᱥᱛᱟᱫ ᱟᱞᱤ ᱵᱟᱠᱟᱥ ᱠᱟᱥᱩᱨᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱩᱥᱛᱟᱫ ᱵᱟᱲᱮ ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱢ ᱟᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱤᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱫᱮᱠᱷᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱩᱢᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ, ᱩᱱᱤᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱤ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱨᱚᱱᱟᱥᱚᱱ (coronation) ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱵᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱮᱠᱷᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ, ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱰᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱯᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱩᱱᱤᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱹᱠᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱕] ᱱᱩᱭ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱫᱷᱟᱵᱤᱡ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾[᱔]

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱑᱙᱔᱐ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱣᱮᱞᱼᱱᱳᱣ (well-known) ᱯᱨᱚᱯᱷᱮᱥᱤᱱᱟᱞ (professional) ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱥᱤᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱴᱤᱧ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ, ᱞᱟᱦᱚᱨ, ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱱᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ, ᱩᱱᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱮᱰᱤᱭᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ, ᱞᱟᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟᱞᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ ᱫᱮᱠᱷᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱰᱮ 'ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ' (ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ) ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6F87TnnTdpw, "Abhi tau mein jawan hoon" song on YouTube by Malika Pukhraj, uploaded 10 May 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2016
  2. Prof RL Kaul, Kashmir and Jammu: A History pub Jammu: Indar V Press, 1955, p. 102
  3. http://www.dawn.com/news/783586/abhi-to-main-jawan-hoon&sa, Malika Pukhraj article on Dawn, Karachi newspaper. Retrieved 1 February 2016
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ Biography, Biography of Malika Pukhraj on tripod.com website. Retrieved 1 February 2016
  5. Unparalleled queen of gayaki The Hindu, published 4 June 2004. Retrieved 1 February 2016

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]