ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Mongolia, near Ulaanbaatar
A Mongolian Buddhist Monk
ᱜᱩᱴ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱜᱩᱴᱤ 10–11 million (2016)
ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱧᱚᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
 China6,146,730 (2015)[᱑]
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Mongolia     3,201,377[᱒]
 South Korea41,500[᱔]
 United States18,000–20,500[᱕]
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Czech Republic10,200[᱖]
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Kyrgyzstan10,000[᱗]
 United Kingdom3,331
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Turkey2,143
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Austria2,007[᱑᱐]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ
Mongolian language
Predominantly Tibetan Buddhism, background of shamanism.[᱑᱑][᱑᱒][᱑᱓] minority Tengrism or Folk religion, Sunni Islam, Eastern Orthodox Church, Taoism, Bön and Protestantism.
ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭᱟᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱠᱚ
Proto-Mongols, Khitan people

The Mongols (Mongolian: Монголчууд, ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud, ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:IPA-mn) are an East Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They also live as minorities in other regions of China (e.g. Xinjiang), as well as in Russia. Mongolian people belonging to the Buryat and Kalmyk subgroups live predominantly in the Russian federal subjects of Buryatia and Kalmykia.

The Mongols are bound together by a common heritage and ethnic identity. Their indigenous dialects are collectively known as the Mongolian language. The ancestors of the modern-day Mongols are referred to as Proto-Mongols.

Definition[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Broadly defined, the term includes the Mongols proper (also known as the Khalkha Mongols), Buryats, Oirats, the Kalmyk people and the Southern Mongols. The latter comprises the Abaga Mongols, Abaganar, Aohans, Baarins, Gorlos Mongols, Jalaids, Jaruud, Khishigten, Khuuchid, Muumyangan and Onnigud.

The designation "Mongol" briefly appeared in 8th century records of Tang China to describe a tribe of Shiwei. It resurfaced in the late 11th century during the Khitan-ruled Liao dynasty. After the fall of the Liao in 1125, the Khamag Mongols became a leading tribe on the Mongolian Plateau. However, their wars with the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty and the Tatar confederation had weakened them.

In the thirteenth century, the word Mongol grew into an umbrella term for a large group of Mongolic-speaking tribes united under the rule of Genghis Khan.[᱑᱔]

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:History of the Mongols

Gallery[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

See also[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

References[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Demographics of China
  2. "Монголын үндэсний статистикийн хороо". National Statistical Office of Mongolia. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  3. 2,656 Mongols proper, 461,389 Buryats, 183,372 Kalmyks (Russian Census (2010))
  4. "'Korean Dream' fills Korean classrooms in Mongolia", The Chosun Ilbo, 2008-04-24, archived from the original on September 23, 2008, retrieved 2009-02-06
  5. Bahrampour, Tara (2006-07-03). "Mongolians Meld Old, New In Making Arlington Home". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-05.
  6. https://www.czso.cz/documents/11292/27914491/2006_c01t13.pdf/67393c23-669d-4730-b367-e75ca1cab680?version=1.0
  7. President of Mongoli Received the Kalmyk Citizens of the Kyrgyz. 2012 Archived ᱒᱐᱑᱖-᱑᱒-᱐᱖ at the Wayback Machine.
  8. "Mongolia National Census" (PDF) (in Mongolian). National Statistical Office of Mongolia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  9. NHS Profile, Canada, 2011
  10. "Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland" [Population by citizenship and country of birth] (in German). Statistik Austria. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  11. National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (April 2012). Tabulation of the 2010 Population Census of the People's Republic of China. China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-6507-0. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  12. China.org.cn – The Mongolian ethnic minority
  13. China.org.cn – The Mongolian Ethnic Group
  14. "Mongolia: Ethnography of Mongolia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-22.

External links[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]