ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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Mongolia, near Ulaanbaatar
A Mongolian Buddhist Monk
ᱜᱩᱴ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱜᱩᱴᱤ 10–11 million (2016)
Regions with significant populations
 China 6,146,730 (2015)[᱑]
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Mongolia      3,201,377[᱒]
 Russia 822,763[᱓]
 South Korea 41,500[᱔]
 United States 18,000–20,500[᱕]
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Czech Republic 10,200[᱖]
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Kyrgyzstan 10,000[᱗]
 Japan 7,340[᱘]
 Canada 6,311[᱙]
 Germany 4,056
 United Kingdom 3,331
 Kazakhstan 2,723
 France 2,459
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Turkey 2,143
ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Austria 2,007[᱑᱐]
 Malaysia 1,530
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ
Mongolian language
Predominantly Tibetan Buddhism, background of shamanism.[᱑᱑][᱑᱒][᱑᱓] minority Tengrism or Folk religion, Sunni Islam, Eastern Orthodox Church, Taoism, Bön and Protestantism.
Related ethnic groups
Proto-Mongols, Khitan people

The Mongols (Mongolian: Монголчууд, ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud, ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:IPA-mn) are an East Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They also live as minorities in other regions of China (e.g. Xinjiang), as well as in Russia. Mongolian people belonging to the Buryat and Kalmyk subgroups live predominantly in the Russian federal subjects of Buryatia and Kalmykia.

The Mongols are bound together by a common heritage and ethnic identity. Their indigenous dialects are collectively known as the Mongolian language. The ancestors of the modern-day Mongols are referred to as Proto-Mongols.

Definition[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Broadly defined, the term includes the Mongols proper (also known as the Khalkha Mongols), Buryats, Oirats, the Kalmyk people and the Southern Mongols. The latter comprises the Abaga Mongols, Abaganar, Aohans, Baarins, Gorlos Mongols, Jalaids, Jaruud, Khishigten, Khuuchid, Muumyangan and Onnigud.

The designation "Mongol" briefly appeared in 8th century records of Tang China to describe a tribe of Shiwei. It resurfaced in the late 11th century during the Khitan-ruled Liao dynasty. After the fall of the Liao in 1125, the Khamag Mongols became a leading tribe on the Mongolian Plateau. However, their wars with the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty and the Tatar confederation had weakened them.

In the thirteenth century, the word Mongol grew into an umbrella term for a large group of Mongolic-speaking tribes united under the rule of Genghis Khan.[᱑᱔]

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:History of the Mongols

Gallery[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

See also[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

References[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Demographics of China
  2. "Монголын үндэсний статистикийн хороо". National Statistical Office of Mongolia. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  3. 2,656 Mongols proper, 461,389 Buryats, 183,372 Kalmyks (Russian Census (2010))
  4. "'Korean Dream' fills Korean classrooms in Mongolia", The Chosun Ilbo, 2008-04-24, archived from the original on ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 23, 2008, retrieved 2009-02-06 
  5. Bahrampour, Tara (2006-07-03). "Mongolians Meld Old, New In Making Arlington Home". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  6. https://www.czso.cz/documents/11292/27914491/2006_c01t13.pdf/67393c23-669d-4730-b367-e75ca1cab680?version=1.0
  7. President of Mongoli Received the Kalmyk Citizens of the Kyrgyz. 2012 Archived ᱒᱐᱑᱖-᱑᱒-᱐᱖ at the Wayback Machine.
  8. "Mongolia National Census" (PDF) (in Mongolian). National Statistical Office of Mongolia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2011. Retrieved 29 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2017. 
  9. NHS Profile, Canada, 2011
  10. "Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland" [Population by citizenship and country of birth] (in German). Statistik Austria. 3 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2014. Retrieved 21 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2014. 
  11. National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2012). Tabulation of the 2010 Population Census of the People's Republic of China. China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-6507-0. Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
  12. China.org.cn – The Mongolian ethnic minority
  13. China.org.cn – The Mongolian Ethnic Group
  14. "Mongolia: Ethnography of Mongolia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-22. 

External links[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]