A Mongolian Buddhist Monk
|ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱜᱩᱴᱤ 10–11 million (2016)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Mongolia||3,201,377|
|ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Czech Republic||10,200|
|ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Kyrgyzstan||10,000|
|ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Turkey||2,143|
|ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Country data Austria||2,007|
|Predominantly Tibetan Buddhism, background of shamanism. minority Tengrism or Folk religion, Sunni Islam, Eastern Orthodox Church, Taoism, Bön and Protestantism.|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Proto-Mongols, Khitan people|
The Mongols (Mongolian: Монголчууд, ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:MongolUnicode, Mongolchuud, ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:IPA-mn) are an East Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They also live as minorities in other regions of China (e.g. Xinjiang), as well as in Russia. Mongolian people belonging to the Buryat and Kalmyk subgroups live predominantly in the Russian federal subjects of Buryatia and Kalmykia.
The Mongols are bound together by a common heritage and ethnic identity. Their indigenous dialects are collectively known as the Mongolian language. The ancestors of the modern-day Mongols are referred to as Proto-Mongols.
Definition[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Broadly defined, the term includes the Mongols proper (also known as the Khalkha Mongols), Buryats, Oirats, the Kalmyk people and the Southern Mongols. The latter comprises the Abaga Mongols, Abaganar, Aohans, Baarins, Gorlos Mongols, Jalaids, Jaruud, Khishigten, Khuuchid, Muumyangan and Onnigud.
The designation "Mongol" briefly appeared in 8th century records of Tang China to describe a tribe of Shiwei. It resurfaced in the late 11th century during the Khitan-ruled Liao dynasty. After the fall of the Liao in 1125, the Khamag Mongols became a leading tribe on the Mongolian Plateau. However, their wars with the Jurchen-ruled Jin dynasty and the Tatar confederation had weakened them.
Gallery[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
Mongol Empress Zayaat (Jiyatu), wife of Kulug Khan (1281–1311)
A 20th-century Mongol Khan, Navaanneren
The 4th Dalai Lama Yonten Gyatso
Mongol women archers during Naadam festival
Mongol girl performing Bayad dance
Concubine Wenxiu was Puyi's consort
See also[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
- Altan Telgey
- American Center for Mongolian Studies
- Horse culture in Mongolia
- List of medieval Mongol tribes and clans
- List of modern Mongolian clans
- List of Mongol states
- List of Mongolians
- Mongolian name
References[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
- Demographics of China
- "Монголын үндэсний статистикийн хороо". National Statistical Office of Mongolia. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
- 2,656 Mongols proper, 461,389 Buryats, 183,372 Kalmyks (Russian Census (2010))
- "'Korean Dream' fills Korean classrooms in Mongolia", The Chosun Ilbo, 2008-04-24, archived from the original on ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 23, 2008, retrieved 2009-02-06 Unknown parameter
- Bahrampour, Tara (2006-07-03). "Mongolians Meld Old, New In Making Arlington Home". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-05.
- President of Mongoli Received the Kalmyk Citizens of the Kyrgyz. 2012 Archived ᱒᱐᱑᱖-᱑᱒-᱐᱖ at the Wayback Machine.
- "Mongolia National Census" (PDF) (in Mongolian). National Statistical Office of Mongolia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2011. Retrieved 29 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2017. Unknown parameter
- NHS Profile, Canada, 2011
- "Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland" [Population by citizenship and country of birth] (in German). Statistik Austria. 3 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2014. Retrieved 21 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2014.
- National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2012). Tabulation of the 2010 Population Census of the People's Republic of China. China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-6507-0. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
- China.org.cn – The Mongolian ethnic minority
- China.org.cn – The Mongolian Ethnic Group
- "Mongolia: Ethnography of Mongolia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-22.
[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]
- "Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age" Li et al. BMC Biology 2010, 8:15.
- Ethnic map of Mongolia
- Map share of ethnic by county of China