ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ
Sonia Gandhi (cropped).jpg
Chairperson of the National Advisory Council
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
29 March 2010 – 25 May 2014
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Position reestablished
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
4 June 2004 – 23 March 2006
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Position established
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Position abolished
Chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance
Assumed office
16 May 2004
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Position established
ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ
Assumed office
14 March 1998
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱤᱛᱟᱨᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱥᱨᱤ
Leader of the Opposition
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
19 March 1998 – 22 May 2004
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱨᱚᱫᱽ ᱯᱟᱣᱟᱨ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱞ. ᱠᱮ. ᱟᱰᱣᱟᱱᱤ
leader Parliament
for Rae Bareli
Assumed office
17 May 2004
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱛᱤᱥ ᱥᱚᱨᱢᱟ
Member of Parliament
for Amethi
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
10 October 1999 – 17 May 2004
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱧᱡᱚᱭ ᱥᱤᱝ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱟᱦᱩᱞ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ
ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱᱟᱞ ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ Edvige Antonia Albina Màino
᱙ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱔᱖ (1946-12-09) (᱗᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ)
ᱞᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ, ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱮᱴᱳ, ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ
ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ
ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ
United Front (᱑᱙᱙᱖–᱒᱐᱐᱔)
United Progressive Alliance (᱒᱐᱐᱔–present)
ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ (᱑᱙᱖᱙–᱑᱙᱙᱑)
ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱨᱟᱦᱩᱞ
ᱯᱨᱤᱭᱚᱝᱠᱟ
ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱑᱐ ᱡᱚᱱᱯᱚᱛᱷ, ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱷᱲᱟ ᱵᱮᱞ ᱮᱡᱩᱠᱮᱥᱳᱱᱟᱞ ᱴᱨᱩᱥᱴ
ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱮᱛᱷᱚᱞᱤᱠ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ[᱑][᱒][᱓]
ᱥᱩᱦᱤ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ's signature
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ

ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ (ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱙ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱔᱖) ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤᱭᱤᱡ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱮᱨᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱮᱸᱴᱚᱱᱤᱭᱳ ᱢᱟᱭᱱᱚ

ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱨᱟᱭᱵᱚᱨᱮᱞᱤ, ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱚᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱕ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱳᱠ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱞᱤ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱜᱮ ᱭᱩ.ᱯᱤ.ᱮ.(UPA) ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱔ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱳᱠ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ UPA ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱟ.ᱱᱤᱡ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱑᱓᱒ ᱵᱚᱨᱥᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ (᱑᱙᱙᱘-᱒᱐᱑᱗) ᱾

ᱟᱯᱚᱱᱮᱛ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱮᱛᱳ, ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱵᱮᱥᱮᱸᱡᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒᱐ ᱠᱤ. ᱢᱤ. ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱥᱟᱺᱦᱤᱡ ᱟ.ᱛᱩ ᱞᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱸᱴᱚᱱᱤᱭᱳ ᱢᱟᱭᱱᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱴᱮᱯᱷᱤᱱᱳ ᱢᱟᱭᱱᱳ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱮᱥᱤᱥᱴ ᱯᱟ.ᱭᱠᱚᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱘᱓ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱤᱡ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱭᱳ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱣᱞᱳ ᱢᱟᱭᱱᱳ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱵᱚᱭᱦᱟ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟ. ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱩᱨᱤᱱ, ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱘ ᱠᱤ. ᱢᱤ. ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱵᱳᱥᱟᱱᱳ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱮᱢᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱖᱔ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱮᱸᱵᱨᱤᱡᱽ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱩᱨᱟ.ᱭ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱟ. ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱨᱤᱱᱤᱴᱤ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟ.ᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱮᱸᱵᱨᱤᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱠᱤᱱ ᱑᱙᱖᱘ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮᱠᱚᱱ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱱᱟ. ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱨᱩᱣᱟ.ᱲ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱑᱙᱘᱓ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨᱮᱛ (citizenship) ᱮ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾[᱔] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱨᱟᱦᱩᱞ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱯᱨᱤᱭᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱵᱟᱰᱨᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱟ.ᱠᱤᱱ ᱾

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱡᱤᱡ ᱡᱤᱛᱟ. ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱠᱮᱫᱮ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱩᱞᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱯᱟᱨᱴᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱴᱷᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱚ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱨᱠᱟ. ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟ.ᱯᱟ.ᱛᱟ.ᱛ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟ.ᱲᱟ. ᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱫᱚ, "ᱤᱧ ᱤᱧ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟ. ᱠᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱡᱩᱜᱤ ᱥᱟᱡᱟᱣᱜ ᱤᱧ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱤᱧ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟ.ᱧ ᱫᱚᱦᱚᱭᱟ ᱾" ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱵᱤᱡ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱮᱨᱟ ᱡᱚᱜᱟᱣ ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱱ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱟᱱᱛᱮ ᱯᱤ. ᱵᱤ. ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱥᱤᱝᱦᱚᱨᱟᱣ ᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱑᱙᱙᱖ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱮᱞᱮᱠᱥᱳᱱ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱮᱦᱨᱩᱼᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱛ ᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱞᱟ.ᱠᱛᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟ.ᱭᱠᱟ.ᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱠᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱵᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱙᱗ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱞᱮᱱᱚᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱟᱜ ᱯᱨᱟᱭᱢᱮᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨᱥᱤᱯ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱖᱒ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱙᱗ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱮ ᱨᱤᱠᱟ. ᱞᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱚᱨᱡᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱸᱜᱟᱭ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱤᱪᱟ.ᱲ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱵᱤᱵᱟ.ᱫᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱡ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱫᱳᱥ ᱞᱟᱫᱮ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱮᱠᱞᱟ ᱛᱤᱥ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱵᱟ.ᱜᱤ ᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱷᱚᱴᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱨᱮᱲ ᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱑᱙᱙᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱞᱟᱨᱤ, ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱟᱡᱤᱡ ᱵᱚᱸᱜᱟᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱡᱤᱛᱟ. ᱦᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱟᱢᱮᱴᱷᱤ, ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱳᱠ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱞᱟ.ᱰᱷᱟ.ᱭ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱯᱮ ᱜᱮᱥᱟᱥᱟᱭ ᱵᱷᱳᱴ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱯᱲᱟᱜ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟ.ᱨ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱙ ᱥᱟᱞᱮᱨᱮ ᱑᱓ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱳᱠᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱚᱯᱚᱡᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

᱒᱐᱐᱔ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱟᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱡᱮ ᱚᱴᱚᱞ ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱡᱽᱯᱮᱭᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱯᱩᱨᱟ. ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱟᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟ.ᱰᱤᱜᱮᱭ ᱪᱷᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮ ᱪᱚᱢᱠᱟᱣ ᱦᱚᱪᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱨᱡᱚ ᱛᱮ UPA ᱫᱚ ᱩᱭᱦᱟ.ᱨ ᱵᱟᱦᱮᱨ ᱒᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱥᱤᱴ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱟᱡᱛᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱭᱵᱚᱨᱮᱞᱤ, ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱚᱫᱽ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱛᱟᱺᱜᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱥᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱮᱱ.ᱰᱤ.ᱮ. ᱨᱤᱱ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱩᱠᱞᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱥᱢᱟ ᱥᱣᱚᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱢᱟ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱜᱷᱚᱥᱬᱟ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱩᱫᱤ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟ.ᱠᱤᱱ ᱵᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱩᱵ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱢᱩᱰᱨᱟ.ᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱜᱤᱛᱤᱡᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘ ᱢᱮ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱟᱡᱤᱡ ᱯᱟ.ᱛᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱭ ᱞᱟ.ᱭ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱯᱳᱴ ᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮ ᱱᱮᱦᱚᱸᱨ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟᱭ ᱟᱲᱟᱜ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱴᱷᱟ.ᱣᱠᱟ. ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱨᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ. ᱠᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱤᱨᱩᱫᱷ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱷᱟ.ᱭᱥᱟᱞᱟ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱢᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱮᱦᱚᱸᱨ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱩᱱᱤᱭ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱫᱚ, ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱥ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱱᱮᱛᱟ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱥᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱠᱷᱟ.ᱱ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ. ᱩᱫᱩᱜ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱮ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱵᱽ ᱯᱚᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱞᱳᱠᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱫᱳᱥ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱫᱮ ᱟᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱒᱓ ᱢᱟᱨᱪ ᱒᱐᱐᱖ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱟ ᱩᱫᱩᱜ ᱠᱩᱢᱩᱴ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱯᱚᱫᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱳᱠᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱛ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱫᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱮ ᱫᱟᱞ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮ ᱒᱐᱐᱖ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱭᱵᱚᱨᱮᱞᱤ, ᱩᱛᱚᱨᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱚᱫᱽ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱡ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱯᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱫᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱱ ᱜᱮᱥᱟᱥᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱵᱷᱳᱴ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱐᱙ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱳᱠᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ UPA ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟ. ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱵᱷᱳᱴ ᱮ ᱠᱚᱭ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ UPA ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟ.ᱨ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱮ UPA ᱨᱩᱱᱩᱱ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

List of political families - Wikipedia

List of people from Italy - Wikipedia

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Sonia Gandhi - Wikipedia

Sonia Gandhi - Wikipedia

Sonia Gandhi - Wikipedia

Sonia Gandhi - Wikipedia

Profile: Sonia Gandhi

Sonia Gandhi retires as Congress president, to remain active in politics

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Reuters - Wikipedia

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Outlook (magazine) - Wikipedia

Sonia Gandhi Biography - About family, political life, awards won, history

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The Sonia Gandhi years and what Rahul Gandhi can learn - Times of India

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26830531
  2. February 1, Harish Gupta; February 1, 1999 ISSUE DATE:; February 28, 1999UPDATED:; Ist, 2013 11:40. "By stressing Hindu values Sonia Gandhi enhances personal acceptability and Congress appeal". India Today. 
  3. N. I. Sarkar. Sonia Gandhi: Tryst with India. 
  4. "Elevenses". Rediff.com. 13 ᱢᱮ 1999. Retrieved 31 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010.