ᱦᱟᱥᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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This is a diagram and related photograph of soil layers from bedrock to soil.
A, B, and C represent the soil profile, a notation firstly coined by Vasily Dokuchaev (1846–1903), the father of pedology; A is the topsoil; B is a regolith; C is a saprolite (a less-weathered regolith); the bottom-most layer represents the bedrock.
Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland.

ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱳᱨᱜᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱨ, ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱤᱡᱽ, ᱜᱮᱥ, ᱛᱚᱨᱚᱞ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱤᱣᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱥᱪᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱤᱰᱳᱥᱯᱷᱤᱭᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱱᱭᱟᱹ ᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ - ᱟ :

• ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱛᱮ

• ᱫᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱢᱟ, ᱯᱩᱨᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱫᱷᱚᱠᱚᱨᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮ

• ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱢᱟᱱᱰᱮᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱳᱥᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱛᱮ

• ᱡᱤᱣᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ

• ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ, ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱲᱜᱮ ᱨᱮ, ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱳᱥᱷᱚᱠ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱭ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱴᱤᱡ - ᱠᱟᱹᱴᱤᱡ ᱵᱷᱩᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱩᱱᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱤᱞᱭᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱳᱠᱥᱤᱡᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱟᱭᱴᱨᱳᱡᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ - ᱥᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱨᱵᱚᱱ ᱰᱟᱭᱟᱹᱠᱥᱟᱭᱰ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱳᱠᱥᱤᱡᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱦᱮᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱱᱟᱯᱷᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ - ᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱨᱵᱚᱱ ᱰᱟᱭᱟᱹᱠᱥᱟᱭᱰ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ - ᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]