ᱦᱟᱭᱰᱨᱳᱡᱟᱱ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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Hydrogen,  1H
Hydrogen discharge tube.jpg
Purple glow in its plasma state
Hydrogen
Appearance colorless gas
Standard atomic weight Ar, std(H) [1.007841.00811] conventional: 1.008
Hydrogen in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson


H

Li
– ← hydrogenhelium
Atomic number (Z) 1
Group 1: H and alkali metals
Period period 1
Block s-block
Element category   Reactive nonmetal
Electron configuration 1s1
Electrons per shell
1
Physical properties
Phase at STP gas
Melting point 13.99 K ​(−259.16 °C, ​−434.49 °F)
Boiling point 20.271 K ​(−252.879 °C, ​−423.182 °F)
Density (at STP) 0.08988 g/L
when liquid (at m.p.) 0.07 g/cm3 (solid: 0.0763 g/cm3)[᱑]
when liquid (at b.p.) 0.07099 g/cm3
Triple point 13.8033 K, ​7.041 kPa
Critical point 32.938 K, 1.2858 MPa
Heat of fusion (H2) 0.117 kJ/mol
Heat of (H2) 0.904 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (H2) 28.836 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
Atomic properties
Oxidation states −1, +1 (an amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.20
energies
  • 1st: 1312.0 kJ/mol
Covalent radius 31±5 pm
Van der Waals radius 120 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of hydrogen
Other properties
Natural occurrence primordial
Crystal structurehexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for hydrogen
Speed of sound 1310 m/s (gas, 27 °C)
Thermal conductivity 0.1805 W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[᱒]
Magnetic susceptibility −3.98·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[᱓]
CAS Number 12385-13-6
1333-74-0 (H2)
History
Discovery Henry Cavendish[᱔][᱕] (1766)
Named by Antoine Lavoisier[᱖] (1783)
Main isotopes of hydrogen
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
1H 99.98% stable
2H 0.02% stable
3H trace 12.32 y β 3He
| references

ᱦᱟᱭᱰᱨᱳᱡᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱤᱞᱤᱢᱮᱱᱴ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱚ ᱪᱤᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱚ H ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱳᱢᱤᱠ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱑ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱢᱟᱞ ᱑ᱹ᱐᱐᱘ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱦᱟᱭᱰᱨᱳᱡᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱮᱨᱤᱭᱳᱰᱤᱠ ᱴᱮᱵᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱤᱞᱤᱢᱮᱱᱴ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱟᱭᱰᱨᱳᱡᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱱᱥᱴᱤᱴᱭᱩᱴᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱯᱷᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱗᱕% ᱠᱮᱢᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱥᱟᱵᱽᱥᱴᱟᱱᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱳᱱᱤᱠ ᱢᱟᱥ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱗][note ᱑]

H+[᱘]

ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱦᱟᱭᱰᱨᱳᱡᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱨᱮᱡ ᱢᱚᱛᱨᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱟ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱛᱨᱚ ᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱨᱤᱢᱟᱱᱰᱮᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱫᱚᱥᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱟᱜ, ᱫᱟᱨᱮ, ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱞᱤ ᱴᱤᱥᱩ, ᱠᱟᱥᱴᱷ, ᱟᱱᱟᱡᱽ, ᱥᱩᱱᱩᱢ, ᱯᱷᱮᱴᱥ, ᱯᱮᱴᱨᱳᱞᱤᱭᱚᱢ,ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱡᱤᱣᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱥᱤᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱞᱟᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱴᱚᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱮᱥ (Base) ᱟᱨ ᱳᱨᱜᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱣᱩᱱᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱨᱤᱭᱮᱠᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱠᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

H2+Cl2 -> 2HCl
2H2+O2 -> 2H2O

ᱯᱨᱳᱥᱮᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱮᱪᱩᱨᱟᱞ ᱜᱮᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱚᱞᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱨᱳᱥᱮᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱭᱰᱨᱳᱡᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱨᱵᱚᱱ ᱢᱳᱱᱳᱟᱹᱠᱥᱟᱭᱤᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ
CH4+H2O -> CO + 3H2

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

https://web.archive.org/web/20100125010949/http://www.bbc.co.uk

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. 240. ISBN 978-0123526519. 
  2. Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-0486-6. 
  3. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 978-0-8493-0464-4. 
  4. "Hydrogen". Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Wylie-Interscience. 2005. pp. 797–799. ISBN 978-0-471-61525-5. 
  5. Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 183–191. ISBN 978-0-19-850341-5. 
  6. Stwertka, Albert (1996). A Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press. pp. 16–21. ISBN 978-0-19-508083-4. 
  7. Boyd, Padi (19 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2014). "What is the chemical composition of stars?". NASA. Archived from the original on 15 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2015. Retrieved 5 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2008.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. Laursen, S.; Chang, J.; Medlin, W.; Gürmen, N.; Fogler, H. S. (27 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2004). "An extremely brief introduction to computational quantum chemistry". Molecular Modeling in Chemical Engineering. University of Michigan. Archived from the original on 20 ᱢᱮ 2015. Retrieved 4 ᱢᱮ 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)


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