ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ

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ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ

ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱛᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱰᱷᱤᱯ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱫᱟᱱ ᱫᱷᱤᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱟᱬᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱜ ᱫᱩᱠ ᱢᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱡᱟᱣ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱩᱢᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱢ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱚᱞ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱡᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱢᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱫᱚᱨ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱟᱢᱚ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ "ᱵᱟᱵᱮᱨ" ᱟᱨ ᱩᱫᱚᱨ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ "ᱞᱟᱡ" ᱾ ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ "ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱵᱮᱨ ᱞᱟᱡ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ" ᱾ [᱑]

ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱚᱨᱚᱠᱟᱨ, ᱠᱚᱱᱟᱨ, ᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱚ, ᱦᱚᱨᱟᱨᱚ, ᱡᱚᱢᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟ, ᱦᱚᱨᱟᱨᱚ, ᱜᱷᱚᱨᱤ, ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱭᱟ, ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱮᱨᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱒][᱓]

ᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱨᱤᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱡᱤᱞᱞᱟᱹ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱣᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱚᱸᱡ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱔]ᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱫᱽᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱟᱡᱟᱨᱤᱵᱟᱜᱽ ᱡᱤᱞᱞᱟᱹ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱣᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱚᱸᱡ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱕]

ᱫᱩᱠᱷ ᱱᱟᱹᱭ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱹᱯᱩᱫ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱷᱚᱴᱱᱟᱜᱽ ᱯᱩᱨ ᱢᱟᱲᱚᱵᱷᱩᱢᱤ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱑᱔᱐᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱤᱡᱤᱸ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱝ ᱫᱚᱲᱚᱝ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱦᱩᱫᱽ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱤᱯ ᱠᱷᱮᱨᱪᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱛᱮ ᱰᱷᱤᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱡᱟᱹᱣ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱾ [᱖]

ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱵᱷᱮᱞᱞᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱟᱡᱤᱨᱟᱵᱟᱜᱽ, ᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱚ, ᱠᱚᱫᱚᱨᱚᱢᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱟᱢᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱵᱷᱮᱞᱞᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱷᱮᱞᱞᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱫᱟᱱ ᱫᱷᱤᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱨᱜᱟᱹᱲ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟ ᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱔᱘ ᱥᱟᱞᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱮ ᱩᱱᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱰᱮᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱨᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱰᱮᱢ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱡᱷᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱹᱱᱤᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ, ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱚ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱵᱚᱠᱟᱨᱚ, ᱨᱟᱢᱜᱚᱰ, ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨᱟ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱭᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱫᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱗]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.
  2. Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.
  3. Sabharwal, L.R., I.F.S., Conservator of Forests, Bihar, Notes as part of Appendix IV to Report of the Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee, 1943, republished in Rivers of Bengal, a compilation, Vol III, 2002, p. 236, West Bengal District Gazeteers, Government of West Bengal
  4. Houlton, Sir John, Bihar the Heart of India, 1949, p. 117, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  5. Houlton, Sir John, Bihar the Heart of India, 1949, p. 117, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  6. Bose, Dr. N.K., The Problems of Damodar, Appendix IV to Report of the Damodar Flood Enquiry Committee, 1943, republished in Rivers of Bengal, a compilation, Vol III, 2002, p. 204
  7. http://envfor.nic.in/divisions/cltech/Damodar/2.4.htm