ᱯᱚᱥᱴᱯᱟᱨᱴᱚᱢ ᱵᱽᱞᱤᱰᱤᱝ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Postpartum bleeding
Other names Postpartum hemorrhage
NASG rocket girl photo.jpg
A non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG)
Specialty Obstetrics
Symptoms Loss of lots of blood after childbirth, increased heart rate, feeling faint upon standing, increased breath rate[᱑][᱒]
Causes Poor contraction of the uterus, not all the placenta removed, tear of the uterus, poor blood clotting[᱒]
Risk factors Anemia, Asian ethnicity, more than one baby, obesity, age older than 40 years[᱒]
Prevention Oxytocin, misoprostol[᱒]
Treatment Intravenous fluids, non-pneumatic anti-shock garment, blood transfusions, ergotamine, tranexamic acid[᱒][᱓]
Prognosis 3% risk of death (developing world)[᱒]
Frequency 8.7 million (global)[᱔] / 1.2% of births (developing world)[᱒]
Deaths 83,100 (2015)[᱕]

ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱬᱜᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱚᱥᱴᱯᱟᱨᱴᱚᱢ ᱵᱽᱞᱤᱰᱤᱝ (Postpartum bleeding) ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱯᱚᱥᱴ ᱯᱟᱨᱴᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱢᱨᱮᱡᱽ ( postpartum hemorrhage) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱚ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱤᱹᱯᱤᱹᱮᱪᱹ (PPH) ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱒᱔ ᱴᱟᱬᱟᱝ (hour) ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱩᱫᱤ ᱕᱐᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱑᱐᱐᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱠᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱥᱴᱯᱟᱨᱴᱚᱢ ᱵᱽᱞᱤᱰᱤᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱟᱨ ᱛᱤᱢᱤᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱨᱩᱜᱤ ᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱾[᱖] ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱱᱷᱟᱹ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱣ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱲᱟᱢ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱫᱤ ᱫᱷᱩᱠ ᱫᱷᱩᱠᱚᱜ (ᱴᱟᱠᱤᱠᱟᱨᱰᱤᱭᱟ), ᱛᱤᱸᱜᱩ ᱞᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱤᱱᱫᱹᱲᱚᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱢ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱦᱮᱫ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱵᱚᱨᱚᱜ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱾[᱑] ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱩᱜᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱲ ᱮ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣᱟ, ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱯᱨᱮᱥᱚᱨ (blood pressure) ᱠᱚᱢᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱷᱤᱢ ᱡᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱪᱮᱛ ᱚᱜᱼᱟᱭ ᱾[᱑] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱖ ᱦᱟᱯᱛᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱖]


ᱚᱡᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱡᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱬᱜᱚᱭᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢᱚᱜ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱮᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱤᱲᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲᱚᱜ ( uterine atony), [᱒] ᱵᱟᱦᱟ (placenta) ᱵᱟᱝ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱪᱟᱵᱟᱜ, ᱜᱩᱨᱵᱷᱤᱱ ᱛᱷᱟᱹᱭᱞᱟᱹᱜ ᱚᱲᱮᱡᱚᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱮᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱱᱤᱢᱤᱭᱟ, ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ, ᱢᱚᱴᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱔᱐ ᱵᱚᱪᱷᱚᱨ ᱵᱚᱭᱚᱥ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱠᱮᱴᱚᱬᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱥᱤᱡᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱚᱯᱨᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ, ᱞᱮᱵᱚᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱯᱤᱥᱤᱭᱚᱴᱚᱢᱤ ᱚᱯᱨᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱫᱤᱡ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒]

ᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱨᱟᱢ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱠᱮᱴᱚᱬᱮ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱚᱪᱚᱭ ᱨᱮᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱤᱠᱟᱹᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱬᱜᱚᱭᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨᱟ ᱚᱠᱥᱤᱴᱚᱥᱤᱱ (Oxytocin) ᱮᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱮᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱲᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱪᱚᱭ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱤᱠᱟᱹᱭᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱮᱴᱠᱮᱴᱚᱬᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱥᱤᱴᱚᱥᱤᱱ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱥᱚᱯᱨᱚᱥᱛᱚᱞ (Misoprostol) ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱥᱤᱨᱛᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱸᱫᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱭ, ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱴᱨᱟᱱᱥᱯᱷᱭᱩᱡᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱨᱚᱜᱚᱴᱟᱢᱤᱱ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱮᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱲᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ [᱒] ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱱ ᱨᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱛᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱞᱤᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤ ᱛᱷᱤᱨᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱞᱟᱡ ᱮᱢ ᱞᱤᱱ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱣᱚᱨᱴᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱞᱤᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱚᱯᱚᱨᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱱᱚᱱ-ᱱᱤᱣᱢᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱟᱱᱴᱤ-ᱥᱚᱠ ᱜᱟᱨᱢᱮᱸᱴ (non pneumatic anti shock garment) ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱥᱟᱶᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ (WHO) ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱤᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾[᱒]

ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱱᱟᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱛᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱑ᱹ᱒% ᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱬᱜᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱤᱹᱯᱤᱹᱮᱪ ᱧᱟᱢᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱩᱸᱫᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱓% ᱮᱸᱜᱟᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱩᱡᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱛᱮᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱠᱮ ᱔᱔,᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱘᱖,᱐᱐᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱩᱡᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱦᱚᱲᱢᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱾[᱒][᱗] ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱟᱬᱜᱚᱭᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱭᱟᱢ ᱞᱤᱸᱡᱤᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱩᱨᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱑᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱐ᱹ᱔% ᱮᱸᱜᱟᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱩᱡᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱮᱜᱟᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱕᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱝᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱱᱟᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱩᱡᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒] ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱘᱐᱐ ᱥᱟᱭᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱒]


ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ Lynch, Christopher B- (2006). A textbook of postpartum hemorrhage : a comprehensive guide to evaluation, management and surgical intervention. Duncow: Sapiens Publishing. pp. 14–15. ISBN 9780955228230. 
  2. ᱒.᱐᱐ ᱒.᱐᱑ ᱒.᱐᱒ ᱒.᱐᱓ ᱒.᱐᱔ ᱒.᱐᱕ ᱒.᱐᱖ ᱒.᱐᱗ ᱒.᱐᱘ ᱒.᱐᱙ ᱒.᱑᱐ ᱒.᱑᱑ ᱒.᱑᱒ ᱒.᱑᱓ ᱒.᱑᱔ ᱒.᱑᱕ ᱒.᱑᱖ ᱒.᱑᱗ ᱒.᱑᱘ ᱒.᱑᱙ ᱒.᱒᱐ ᱒.᱒᱑ Weeks, A (ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2015). "The prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: what do we know, and where do we go to next?". BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. 122 (2): 202–10. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13098. PMID 25289730. 
  3. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Lancet2017
  4. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named GBD2015Pre
  5. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903Freely accessible. PMID 27733281. 
  6. ᱖.᱐ ᱖.᱑ Gibbs, Ronald S (2008). Danforth's obstetrics and gynecology (10th ed. ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 453. ISBN 9780781769372. 
  7. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". Lancet. 385 (9963): 117–71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2. PMC 4340604Freely accessible. PMID 25530442.