ᱳᱥᱟᱢᱟ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱳᱥᱟᱢᱟ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ

ᱳᱥᱟᱢᱟ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱢᱳᱦᱚᱢᱚᱫ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱟᱣᱟᱫ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ[1] /oʊˈsɑːmə bɪn ˈlɑːdən/ (Arabic: أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن‎, Usāmah bin Muḥammad bin ʿAwaḍ bin Lādin; ᱢᱟᱨᱪ ᱑᱐,᱑᱙᱕᱗ᱼᱢᱮ᱒,᱒᱐᱑᱑,[2] ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ ᱯᱟᱱᱼᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢᱤᱠ ᱟᱛᱚᱸᱠᱵᱟᱫ ᱥᱚᱸᱜᱚᱴᱷᱚᱱ "ᱟᱞᱼᱠᱣᱮᱫᱟ" ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱵᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱔ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱭᱮᱢᱮᱱᱤ ᱵᱚᱸᱥᱚ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱹᱬ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱸᱡ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱚᱸᱥᱚ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ [3]
ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱢᱳᱷᱚᱢᱚᱫ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱟᱣᱟᱫ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ,ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱣᱫᱤ ᱭᱮᱢᱮᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱫᱷᱨᱟᱢᱟᱣᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱹᱬ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱿ ᱟᱡ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱫᱚᱞᱟᱱ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱚᱢᱯᱟᱱᱤ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟᱭ [4] ᱟᱡ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱱᱮᱢ ᱥᱤᱨᱚᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱠᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱨᱮᱸᱜᱮᱡ ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱬ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱮᱨᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ [5] ᱳᱥᱟᱢᱟ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱣᱫᱤ ᱟᱨᱚᱵ ᱨᱮᱠᱤᱱ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱗᱙ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱵᱦᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱨᱩᱥ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱦᱤᱫᱤᱱ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱳᱜ ᱵᱷᱩᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱨᱮᱠᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ᱟᱡ ᱴᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱛᱮ,ᱦᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨ ᱡᱩᱜᱟᱹᱣᱛᱮ, ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱹᱣᱫᱤ ᱟᱨᱚᱵ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱡᱚᱜᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱟᱨᱚᱵ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱮ ᱠᱚᱢᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ [6] In 1988, he formed al-Qaeda.[7] ᱑᱙᱙᱒ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱥᱟᱣᱫᱤ ᱟᱨᱚᱵ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱟᱡ ᱥᱩᱫᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱩᱴᱷᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱑᱙᱖ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱵᱟᱵ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱯᱷᱜᱟᱱᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱩᱪᱟᱹᱲᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱮ ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾[8] ᱑᱙᱙᱘ ᱥᱟᱞᱨᱮ ᱭᱩ ᱮᱥ ᱮᱢᱵᱟᱥᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱢ ᱜᱤᱰᱤ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱢᱮᱯᱷ ᱵᱤ ᱟᱭᱤ (Federal Bureau of Investigation) ᱦᱟᱜ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱡᱮᱨ ᱟᱛᱚᱸᱠᱵᱟᱫ ᱛᱟᱹᱞᱠᱟᱹ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱫᱮᱱ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ [9][10][11]
᱒᱐᱐᱑ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱴᱮᱰ ᱥᱴᱮᱴ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ , ᱟᱡ ᱥᱟᱵ ᱦᱚᱪᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮᱯᱷ ᱵᱤ ᱟᱭᱤ $25 ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱝ ᱮ ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ .[12] ᱒ ᱢᱮ ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱤᱞᱚᱜ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱵᱚᱴᱟᱵᱟᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱨᱮ ᱣᱟᱡᱚᱨᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ,ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱥᱯᱮᱥᱟᱞ ᱱᱟᱵᱷᱟᱞ ᱜᱩᱭᱤᱱᱫᱟ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱴᱟᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱴᱩᱴᱤ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱚ [13][14]

᱒᱐ ᱟᱨ ᱒᱑ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱵᱟᱫᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱞ ᱠᱮᱣᱫᱟ ᱥᱚᱸᱜᱚᱴᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱜᱩᱨᱩ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱚᱟᱣᱜ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱚᱛ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[15] ᱥᱳᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱹᱯᱩᱫ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱡ ᱟᱨᱚᱵ ᱫᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱟᱜᱤᱫ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱿ [16] ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱣᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱟᱞ ᱠᱣᱮᱫᱟ ᱑᱑ ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ 2᱙᱗᱗ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱫᱟᱹᱭ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶᱨᱮ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱜᱚᱯᱚᱡ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱫᱟᱹᱭ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[17][18][19]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱱᱩᱵᱟᱫ;ᱫᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱸᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ.
  2. "FBI – USAMA BIN LADEN". ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 25, 2012. Archived from the original on ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 25, 2012. 
  3. ᱥᱤᱣᱮᱨ, ᱢᱟᱭᱠᱮᱞ (ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 7, 2008). "Yemen still close to al Qaeda's heart". ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱴᱟᱭᱤᱢᱥ ᱳᱱᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ. Retrieved ᱢᱮ 6, 2011. 
  4. Strozier, Charles B.; Offer, Daniel; Abdyli, Oliger (ᱢᱮ 24, 2011). The Leader: Psychological Essays. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4419-8387-9. 
  5. Scheuer, Michael (ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 17, 2011). Osama Bin Laden. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-973866-3. 
  6. Robert Fisk (2005). The Great War For Civilisation, p. 4.
  7. http://cryptome.org/usa-v-ubl-02.htm
  8. Robert Fisk (2005). The Great War For Civilisation, p. 22.
  9. "FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives". FBI.gov. Archived from the original on ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 3, 2008. Retrieved ᱢᱮ 26, 2010. 
  10. Dan Eggen (ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ 28, 2006). "Bin Laden, Most Wanted For Embassy Bombings?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 15, 2010. Retrieved ᱢᱮ 26, 2010. 
  11. "'Most wanted terrorists' list released". CNN. ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 10, 2001. Retrieved ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2, 2018. 
  12. "Fbi – Usama Bin Laden". Fbi.gov. ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ 7, 1998. Archived from the original on ᱢᱮ 15, 2011. Retrieved ᱢᱮ 15, 2011. 
  13. "The Navy SEAL Who Shot Bin Laden Is: Rob O'Neill From Butte Montana". Soldier of Fortune Magazine. ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 6, 2014. Archived from the original on ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 3, 2014. Retrieved ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 8, 2015. 
  14. https://web.archive.org/web/20110504142851/http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/uss-carl-vinson-osama-bin-ladens-burial-sea/story?id=13510831
  15. "World leaders React to News of Bin Laden's Death". CNN. ᱢᱮ 3, 2011. Retrieved ᱢᱮ 2, 2011. 
  16. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/anti-soviet-warrior-puts-his-army-on-the-road-to-peace-the-saudi-businessman-who-recruited-mujahedin-1465715.html
  17. "Death of Osama bin Ladin". Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs. ᱢᱮ 1, 2011. Archived from the original on ᱢᱮ 4, 2011. Retrieved ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 9, 2012. 
  18. Baker, Peter; Cooper, Helene; Mazzetti, Mark (ᱢᱮ 1, 2011). "Bin Laden Dead, US Officials Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on ᱢᱮ 5, 2011. 
  19. Maqbool, Aleem (ᱢᱮ 1, 2011). "Osama Bin Laden, al Qaeda leader, dead – Barack Obama". BBC News. Archived from the original on ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 4, 2015. Retrieved ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 12, 2015.