ᱵᱚᱨᱟᱦᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱸᱠᱚᱴ ᱜᱤᱨᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱵᱚᱨᱟᱦᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱸᱠᱚᱴ ᱜᱤᱨᱤ
VV Giri 1974 stamp of India.jpg
V. V. Giri
᱔ ᱟᱹᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱔ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱖᱙ – ᱒᱔ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱗᱔
Vice President ᱜᱳᱯᱟᱞ ᱥᱣᱚᱨᱩᱯ ᱯᱟᱴᱷᱚᱠ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱢᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱦᱤᱫᱟᱭᱟᱛᱩᱞᱞᱟᱦ (Acting)
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱷᱟᱠᱷᱨᱩᱫᱤᱱ ᱚᱞᱤ ᱚᱦᱢᱚᱫᱽ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱓ ᱢᱮᱸ ᱑᱙᱖᱙ – ᱒᱐ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱙᱖᱙
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱠᱤᱨ ᱦᱩᱥᱮᱸᱱ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱢᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱦᱤᱫᱟᱭᱟᱛᱩᱞᱞᱟᱦ (Acting)
᱓ ᱟᱹᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱚᱜᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑᱓ ᱢᱮ ᱑᱙᱖᱗ – ᱓ ᱢᱮ ᱑᱙᱖᱙
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱡᱟᱠᱤᱨ ᱦᱩᱥᱮᱸᱱ
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱠᱤᱨ ᱦᱩᱥᱮᱸᱱ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱳᱯᱟᱞ ᱥᱣᱚᱨᱩᱯ ᱯᱟᱴᱷᱚᱠ
ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱯᱟᱞ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱑᱙᱖᱕ – ᱑᱓ ᱢᱮ ᱑᱙᱖᱗
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ
ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱮᱥ. ᱱᱤᱡᱟᱞᱤᱝᱜᱟᱯᱯᱟ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱛᱭᱚᱣᱚᱸᱛ ᱢᱟᱞᱞᱟᱱᱟᱦ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱟᱜᱮᱥ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱳᱯᱟᱞ ᱥᱣᱚᱨᱩᱯ ᱯᱟᱴᱷᱚᱠ
ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱲ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱯᱟᱞ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱙᱖᱐ – ᱒ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱑᱙᱖᱕
ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱛᱛᱚᱢ ᱛᱷᱟᱱᱩ ᱯᱤᱞᱟᱭᱤ
ᱟᱨ. ᱥᱚᱝᱠᱚᱨ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱚᱨᱜᱩᱞᱟ ᱨᱟᱢᱟᱠᱨᱤᱥᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱣ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱡᱤᱛ ᱯᱨᱚᱥᱟᱫᱽ ᱡᱮᱱ
ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱯᱟᱞ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑᱐ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱕᱖ – ᱓᱐ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱖᱐
ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱥᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨᱱᱚᱱᱚᱸᱫᱽ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱦᱟᱭᱭᱟᱞᱟᱞ ᱢᱟᱱᱮᱠᱞᱟᱞ ᱢᱩᱱᱥᱤ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱚᱨᱜᱩᱞᱟ ᱨᱟᱢᱟᱠᱨᱤᱥᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱣ
Minister of Labour and Industry for Madras Presidency
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱓᱐ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱑᱙᱔᱖ – ᱒᱓ ᱢᱟᱨᱪ ᱑᱙᱔᱗
ᱥᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱛᱚᱝᱜᱩᱛᱩᱨᱤ ᱯᱨᱚᱠᱟᱥᱚᱢ
ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱᱟᱞ ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱵᱚᱨᱟᱦᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱸᱠᱚᱴ ᱜᱤᱨᱤ
᱑᱐ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱘᱙᱔(1894-08-10)
ᱵᱚᱨᱦᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ in ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱜᱩᱨ ᱒᱔ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱘᱐ (᱘᱕ ᱵᱚᱭᱚᱥ)
ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟᱥ, ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ ᱱᱟᱰᱩ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
(ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ)
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱯᱮᱱᱰᱮᱸᱴ
ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫ ᱥᱚᱨᱚᱥᱣᱚᱛᱤ ᱵᱟᱭᱤ (᱑᱙᱐᱔ - ᱑᱙᱗᱘)
ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱷᱲᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱠᱳᱴ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ
University College Dublin
Awards ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ (᱑᱙᱗᱕)
ᱥᱩᱦᱤ ᱵᱚᱨᱟᱦᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱸᱠᱚᱴ ᱜᱤᱨᱤ's signature

ᱵᱚᱨᱟᱦᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱸᱠᱚᱴ ᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱤ. ᱵᱷᱤ. ᱜᱤᱨᱤ (᱑᱐ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱘᱙᱔ - ᱒᱔ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱘᱐) ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱜᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱔ ᱟᱹᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱨᱦᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱗᱕ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱯᱷᱟᱝ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱤᱨᱯᱷᱟᱹ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱦᱟᱞᱟᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱑][᱒]

ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱤᱹ ᱵᱤᱹ ᱜᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱐ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱘᱙᱔ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟᱥ ᱯᱨᱮᱥᱤᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱚᱨᱦᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱ ᱡᱳᱜᱤᱦ ᱯᱚᱱᱛᱩᱞᱩ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱳᱠᱤᱞ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱵᱚᱨᱦᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮᱭ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱓ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱩᱱ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱚᱵᱽᱞᱤᱱ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣᱮᱱᱟ , ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱟᱭᱤᱨᱤᱥ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱴᱩᱨᱱᱟᱢᱮᱸᱴ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱑᱙᱑᱖ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱚᱨᱞᱮᱸᱰ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱠᱤᱞᱟᱛᱤᱭ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱮᱫ-ᱟ ᱾[᱓]

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱞᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱚᱠᱛᱚᱨᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱮ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱞᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱡᱩᱲᱟᱹᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱟᱜᱽᱯᱩᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱴᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱴᱨᱮᱰ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫ-ᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱨᱮᱞ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ।[᱔] ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱤᱱᱮᱣᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱙᱒᱗ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱡᱮᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱴᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱴᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

᱑᱙᱓᱗-᱓᱙ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱔᱖ - ᱔᱗ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟᱥ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱟᱣ, ᱤᱱᱰᱚᱥᱴᱨᱤ, ᱥᱚᱯᱚᱦᱚᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱤᱡ ᱵᱤᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱕] ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤᱱ ᱦᱩᱞᱥᱟᱹᱞ ᱚᱛᱠᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱤᱦᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱖]

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱞᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱙᱔᱗-᱕᱑ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱞᱳᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱠᱚᱢᱤᱥᱚᱱᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱕] ᱑᱙᱕᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱝᱥᱚᱫᱽ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱯᱟᱴᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱟᱣ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱤᱹ ᱵᱤ. ᱜᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟᱫᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱴᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱟᱣ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱫᱽ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤᱭᱟᱫ-ᱟ ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱑᱙᱕᱗ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱯᱟᱭ ᱚᱨᱡᱚ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ (᱑᱙᱕᱗-᱑᱙᱖᱐), ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱲ (᱑᱙᱖᱐-᱑᱙᱖᱕), ᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱭᱥᱩᱨ (᱑᱙᱖᱕-᱑᱙᱖᱗) ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱯᱟᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱮᱫ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱖᱗ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱚᱜᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱠᱤᱨ ᱦᱩᱥᱮᱸᱱ ᱟᱜ ᱑᱙᱖᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮᱜᱮᱭ ᱜᱩᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱗] ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱨᱡᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱝ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱱᱟᱹ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱪᱤᱯ ᱡᱚᱥᱴᱤᱥ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱢᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱦᱤᱫᱟᱭᱟᱛᱩᱞᱞᱟᱦ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱥᱟᱸᱵᱽᱲᱟᱣ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱯᱟᱴᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱦᱮᱯᱨᱟᱣᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱤᱞᱤᱢᱟ ᱥᱚᱧᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱨᱮᱰᱰᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱠᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱤ. ᱵᱤ. ᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱯᱮᱱᱰᱮᱸᱴ ᱠᱮᱱᱰᱤᱰᱮᱸᱴ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱵᱤ. ᱵᱤ. ᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱸᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥ ᱠᱮᱱᱰᱤᱰᱮᱸᱴ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱮ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱘]

ᱩᱱᱤᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱱᱢᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱰᱟᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱮᱞᱮᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷ ᱰᱤᱯᱟᱴᱢᱮᱸᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱕ ᱯᱩᱭᱥᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱰᱟᱠ ᱴᱤᱠᱮᱴ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "List of recipients of the Bharat Ratna" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 17 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2015. 
  2. "List of all Bharat Ratna award winners". NDTV. 24 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2011. Retrieved 17 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2015. 
  3. Kumar, Rajendra (2015-01-01). Bharat Ke Rashtrapati Va Pradhanmantri (in Hindi). Prabhat Prakashan. ISBN 978-93-5048-424-1. 
  4. Bharat Ratna Sammanit Vibhutiyan (in Hindi). Atmaram & Sons. 
  5. ᱕.᱐ ᱕.᱑ "ᱥᱨᱤ ᱵᱤ.ᱵᱤ. ᱜᱤᱨᱤ | ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱡᱚᱜᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ | ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ". vicepresidentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2019-11-26. 
  6. ᱵᱷᱚᱠᱫᱽᱣᱟᱡᱽ, ᱚᱱᱩᱨᱟᱜᱽ. "ᱵᱤᱹ ᱵᱤᱹ ᱜᱤᱨᱤ : ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱴᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱫᱽ ᱮ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤᱭᱟᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱥᱴᱟᱸᱯ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ". Satyagrah (in Hindi). Retrieved 2019-11-26. 
  7. Laxmikanth. Bharat Ki Rajayavyavastha (in Hindi). McGraw-Hill Education (India) Pvt Limited. ISBN 978-0-07-062032-2. 
  8. JAI, JANAK RAJ. BHARTIYA LOKTANTRA OR HAMARE RASHTRAPATI (in Hindi). Kitabghar Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-88121-85-4. 

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]