ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ
برج خليفة
ᱨᱮᱫ:Burj Khalifa.jpg
The Burj Khalifa in October 2012
Former names ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱫᱩᱵᱟᱭ
Record height
Tallest in the world since 2008[I]
Preceded by Taipei 101
General information
Status Complete
Type Mixed-use
Architectural style Neo-futurism
Location 1 Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Boulevard, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Coordinates 25°11′49.7″N 55°16′26.8″E / 25.197139°N 55.274111°E / 25.197139; 55.274111Coordinates: 25°11′49.7″N 55°16′26.8″E / 25.197139°N 55.274111°E / 25.197139; 55.274111
Construction started 6 January 2004
Completed Intended: September 2008; Revised: 2 December 2009[᱑]
Opened 4 January 2010[᱒]
Cost USD $ 1.5 billion[᱓]
Height
Architectural 828 m (2,717 ft)[᱔]
Tip 829.8 m (2,722 ft)[᱔]
Roof 828 m (2,717 ft)
Top floor 584.5 m (1,918 ft) (Level 154)[᱔]
Observatory 555.7 m (1,823 ft) (Level 148)[᱔]
Technical details
Material Glass, steel, aluminium, reinforced concrete
Floor count 163 above ground. 154 usable floors[᱔][᱕]
plus 9 maintenance levels (46 spire levels)[᱖] and 2 below-ground parking levels
Floor area 309,473 m2 (3,331,100 sq ft)[᱔]
Lifts/elevators 57 (55 single deck and 2 double deck), made by Otis Elevator Company
Design and construction
Architect Adrian Smith at SOM
Developer Emaar Properties[᱔]
Structural engineer Bill Baker at SOM[᱗]
Main contractor
Website
www.burjkhalifa.ae

ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ (ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱤᱠ برج خليفة‎‎, ) ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱮᱢᱤᱨᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱩᱰᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱫᱩᱵᱟᱭᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱚᱛ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 829.8 m (2,722 ft) ᱾ ᱟᱱᱴᱤᱱᱟ ᱵᱮᱜᱚᱨ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 828 m (2,717 ft) ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱹᱞᱠᱟᱹ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱙][᱑᱐]

ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐᱐᱔ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱢᱮ ᱒᱐᱐᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱝ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱪᱟ,ᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱷᱤᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱡᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱫᱩᱵᱟᱭᱟᱵᱩ ᱫᱷᱟᱵᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱟᱨ ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱭᱴᱮᱰ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱮᱢᱤᱨᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱢᱠᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ ᱵᱤᱱ ᱡᱟᱭᱮᱫ ᱚᱞ ᱱᱟᱦᱭᱟᱫᱽ ᱧᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱹᱨᱩ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱓] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱤᱢ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱠᱚᱰ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱹᱯᱩᱫ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱵᱩᱨᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱞᱤᱯᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱰᱤᱡᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨᱠᱤᱴᱮᱠᱪᱚᱨ ᱟᱫᱽᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱢᱤᱛᱷ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱣᱤᱞᱤᱥ ᱴᱟᱣᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱰᱤᱡᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱨᱟ ᱢᱚᱥᱡᱤᱫᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱰᱤᱡᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱟᱣᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱛᱮ ᱕᱗ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱞᱤᱯᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱘ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱠᱟᱞᱮᱴᱚᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱫᱚ ᱖ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱒᱐᱐᱔ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱐᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱯᱷ᱾ᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞᱤ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱔ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱷᱤᱡ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱑᱑][᱑᱒] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ 2 km2 (490-acre) ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱭ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞᱰᱤᱝ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱰᱤᱡᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱤᱠᱟᱜᱚ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱠᱤᱫᱽᱢᱚᱨ, ᱩᱣᱤᱝᱜᱽᱥ, ᱢᱮᱨᱤᱞᱞᱥ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱩᱛ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱟᱨᱠᱤᱴᱮᱠ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱫᱽᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱢᱤᱛᱷ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱤᱧᱡᱤᱱᱤᱭᱚᱨ ᱫᱚᱭ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱵᱟᱠᱮᱨ ᱾ [᱑᱓][᱑᱔] ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱚᱱᱴᱟᱠᱴᱚᱨ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱟᱢᱥᱩᱝ ᱾ [᱑᱕]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. http://www.burjkhalifa.ae/en/around-the-burj/news-detail.aspx?itemId=tcm:186-12866
  2. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named opening
  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ Stanglin, Douglas (2 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010). "Dubai opens world's tallest building". Dubai: USA Today. Retrieved 4 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010.  ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; name "USAtoday" defined multiple times with different content
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱔.᱒ ᱔.᱓ ᱔.᱔ ᱔.᱕ ᱔.᱖ "Burj Khalifa – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 
  5. Baldwin, Derek (1 ᱢᱮ 2008). "No more habitable floors to Burj Dubai". Gulfnews. Retrieved 7 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010. 
  6. "The Burj Khalifa". Glass, Steel and Stone. Archived from the original on 3 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010. Retrieved 8 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010. 
  7. Blum, Andrew (27 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2007). "Engineer Bill Baker Is the King of Superstable 150-Story Structures". Wired. Retrieved 11 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2008. 
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ ᱘.᱒ ᱘.᱓ "Burj Dubai (Dubai Tower) and Dubai Mall, United Arab Emirates". designbuild-network.com. Retrieved 23 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2009. 
  9. name="CTBUHdb">"Burj Khalifa – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 
  10. name="DubaiOneInauguration"
  11. name="opening">"Official Opening of Iconic Burj Dubai Announced". Gulfnews. 4 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2009. Archived from the original on 6 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2009. Retrieved 4 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2009.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  12. "World's tallest building opens in Dubai". BBC News. 4 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010. Retrieved 4 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010. 
  13. name="Record High">"Burj Dubai reaches a record high". Emaar Properties. 21 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2007. Archived from the original on 10 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2011. Retrieved 24 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2008.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  14. Keegan, Edward (15 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2006). "Adrian Smith Leaves SOM, Longtime Skidmore partner bucks retirement to start new firm". ArchitectOnline. Retrieved 23 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2009. 
  15. name="SkyscraperPage">"Burj Dubai, Dubai – SkyscraperPage.com". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 23 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2009. 

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]