ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ

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ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ - ᱵᱚᱨᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱨᱟ.ᱥᱤᱭᱟ. ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞᱤ ᱪᱷᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ' ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱮᱱ ᱥᱩᱧᱩᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱞᱮᱝᱜᱩᱣᱮᱡᱽ | ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱡᱚᱝᱠᱷᱟ, ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱩᱞ ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱮᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ| ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱯᱪᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞᱤ ᱦᱚ' ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱛᱤᱭᱟ. ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ |[᱑] ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱵᱮ - ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱᱤ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ,ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱢᱟ.ᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱝᱟᱢ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱥᱚᱠᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱚᱛᱥᱟᱢᱯᱟ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |  

ᱡᱚᱝᱠᱷᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

2006 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 160,000 ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱚᱝᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱲᱪᱟᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱒]   ᱡᱚᱝᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ 1971 ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱨᱤᱭᱟ. ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱰᱟᱢᱰᱟᱦᱮᱭᱮᱱᱟ | ᱤᱛᱩᱱ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱝᱠᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱵᱟᱭᱫᱷᱚ ᱢᱩᱞᱚᱠ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱲᱪᱟᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱧᱩᱢ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱪᱚᱠᱟᱝᱜᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱝᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ "ᱢᱤᱥᱨᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ" ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱤᱪᱩ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 20,000 ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | [᱓][᱔]

ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱥ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱨᱟ.ᱞ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱥ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱳᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱵᱟ.ᱱᱩᱜ-ᱟ , ᱢᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ | ᱛᱟᱞᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 30,000 ᱦᱚᱲ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱥ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱵᱚᱦᱟᱨᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱠᱮ'ᱜᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱨᱴᱚᱯ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱵᱩᱢᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ 40,000 ᱟᱨ 10,000 ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |

ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱥᱟ.ᱝᱜᱤᱧ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟ.ᱭ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱟᱴᱟᱜ ᱦᱚ ᱦᱩᱵᱤᱧ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱟᱛᱟᱠ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱵᱟ.ᱱᱩᱜ-ᱟ | ᱛᱥᱝᱜᱟᱞᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ. ᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱥ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱵᱷᱟᱵᱤᱠ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ 138,000 ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱨᱠᱚᱯᱥ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱚᱜᱚ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ | ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱩᱛᱟ.ᱨ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱤᱝᱜᱩᱣᱟ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱦᱚ' ᱵᱮᱵᱚᱦᱥᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ |[᱕]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Van Driem, George L.; K. Tshering   (1998). Dzongkha. Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region. 1. Research CNWS, School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies. ISBN 90-5789-002-X. 
  2. "Dzongkha". Ethnologue Online. Dallas: SIL International. 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  3. http://www.himalayanlanguages.org/files/driem/pdfs/1991Romanization.pdf
  4. van Driem, George L. (1993). "Language Policy in Bhutan" (PDF). London: SOAS. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  5. Himalayan Languages Project. "Gongduk". Himalayan Languages Project. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2009-11-06.