ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
(ᱜᱽᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)
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ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ
Greekalphabet.svg
ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ
ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ
c. 800 BC – present[᱑][᱒]
ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ
ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱟᱭᱮᱥᱳ ᱑᱕᱙᱒᱔ Grek,

ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱤᱥᱩᱢᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱙ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱓] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱚᱭᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱶ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱾[᱔] ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱟᱯᱞᱵᱮᱴᱤᱠ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱴᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱭᱨᱤᱞᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱮᱵᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱜᱮ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ, ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱔ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱟᱞᱯᱷᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱢᱮᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱞᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱞ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱ, ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨᱟ ᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱞᱟᱴᱤᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱭᱨᱤᱞᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱭᱥᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱤᱥᱩᱢᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱑᱖ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱒ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱤᱱᱤᱭᱟᱨ ᱵᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱭᱥᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱚᱱᱚᱞ ᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱤᱥᱩᱢᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱙ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱜᱽᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱚᱭᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱱᱩᱠᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱚᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱦᱚ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱽᱨᱤᱠ ᱧᱩᱛ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱯᱷᱚᱭᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱫᱚ ᱣᱮᱥᱴ ᱥᱮᱢᱤᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱩᱨᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱷᱚᱭᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱷᱚᱭᱮᱱᱤᱠ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱚᱰᱚᱠ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱡᱟ ᱦᱟᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱟᱵᱽᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱪᱤᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱚᱫᱚᱠ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾

ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ
Α
ᱟᱞᱯᱷᱟ
Β
ᱵᱤᱴᱟ
Γ
ᱜᱟᱢᱟ
Δ
ᱰᱮᱞᱴᱟ
Ε
ᱤᱯᱥᱞᱚᱱ
Ζ
ᱡᱤᱴᱟ
Η
ᱮᱴᱟ
Θ
ᱛᱷᱤᱴᱟ
Ι
ᱟᱭᱚᱴᱟ
Κ
ᱠᱟᱯᱯᱟ
Λ
ᱞᱟᱢᱲᱟ
Μ
ᱢᱭᱩ
Ν
ᱱᱭᱩ
Ξ
ᱡᱟᱭᱤ
Ο
ᱚᱢᱤᱠᱨᱟᱱ
Π
ᱯᱟᱭ
Ρ
ᱨᱚ
Σ
ᱥᱤᱜᱽᱢᱥᱟ
Τ
ᱴᱟᱣ
Υ
ᱚᱯᱥᱤᱞᱚᱱ
Φ
ᱯᱷᱟᱭ
Χ
ᱪᱟᱭᱤ
Ψ
ᱥᱟᱭᱤ
Ω
ᱳᱢᱮᱜᱟ

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Swiggers 1996.
  2. Johnston 2003, pp. 263–276.
  3. The date of the earliest inscribed objects; A.W. Johnston, "The alphabet", in N. Stampolidis and V. Karageorghis, eds, Sea Routes from Sidon to Huelva: Interconnections in the Mediterranean 2003:263-76, summarizes the present scholarship on the dating.
  4. The Development of the Greek Alphabet within the Chronology of the ANE (2009), Quote: "Naveh gives four major reasons why it is universally agreed that the Greek alphabet was developed from an early Phoenician alphabet.

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]