ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ
ᱵᱷᱤᱠᱴᱳᱨᱤᱭᱟ
Melbourne montage 2019.jpg
Map of Melbourne, Australia, printable and editable
Map of Melbourne, Australia, printable and editable
ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ is located in ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ
ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ
ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ
ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ 37°48′49″S 144°57′47″E / 37.81361°S 144.96306°E / -37.81361; 144.96306Coordinates: 37°48′49″S 144°57′47″E / 37.81361°S 144.96306°E / -37.81361; 144.96306
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ 5,159,211 (2020)[᱑] (2nd)
 • ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ ᱕᱑᱖.᱒᱘᱒/km2 (᱑,᱓᱓᱗.᱑᱗/sq mi)
ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ 30 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 1835; 186 years ago (1835-᱐᱘-30)
ᱩᱥᱩᱞ 31 m (102 ft)
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱙,᱙᱙᱓ km2 (᱓,᱘᱕᱘.᱓ sq mi)(GCCSA)[᱒]
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ AEST (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+10)
 • ᱥᱤᱛᱩᱝ (ᱰᱤ.ᱮᱥ.ᱴᱤ) AEDT (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+11)
ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
  • ᱔᱖᱕ ᱠᱤ.ᱢᱤ. (᱒᱘᱙ ᱢᱟ.) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ
  • ᱖᱕᱔ ᱠᱤ.ᱢᱤ. (᱔᱐᱖ ᱢᱟ.) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ
  • ᱗᱑᱓ ᱠᱤ.ᱢᱤ. (᱔᱔᱓ ᱢᱟ.) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ
  • ᱑,᱓᱗᱔ ᱠᱤ.ᱢᱤ. (᱘᱕᱔ ᱢᱟ.) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ
  • ᱒,᱗᱒᱑ ᱠᱤ.ᱢᱤ. (᱑,᱖᱙᱑ ᱢᱟ.) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ
ᱛᱷᱟᱱᱤᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ 31 Municipalities across Greater Melbourne
ᱠᱟᱭᱩᱱᱴᱤ Grant, Bourke, Mornington
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ 55 electoral districts and regions
ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ 23 Divisions
ᱜᱷᱩᱸᱴ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱞᱚᱞᱚᱥᱚᱝ ᱜᱷᱩᱸᱴ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱞᱚᱞᱚᱥᱚᱝ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱟᱜᱼᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ
20.4 °ᱥᱮ
69 °ᱯᱷᱟ
11.4 °ᱥᱮ
53 °ᱯᱷᱟ
᱖᱐᱒.᱖ ᱢᱤᱢᱤ
23.7 ᱤᱧᱪᱤ

ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ (ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ) ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱤᱠᱴᱳᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱳᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱤᱰᱱᱤ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨᱮ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱭᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ, ᱯᱳᱨᱴ ᱯᱷᱤᱞᱤᱯ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱕ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱙% ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Early history and foundation[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

A late 19th-century artist's depiction of John Batman's treaty with a group of Wurundjeri elders

᱔᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱞᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱚᱱᱪᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱘] ᱑᱙ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱭᱩᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱮᱡᱽ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱒᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱣᱩᱨᱩᱱᱰᱡᱮᱨᱤ, ᱵᱳᱱᱣᱟᱨᱨᱩᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱣᱟᱛᱷᱟᱣᱨᱩᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱩᱞᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱩᱞᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱨ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢᱚᱜ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾

ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱑᱘᱕᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱤᱠᱴᱳᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱱᱟ ᱥᱮᱫᱲᱟ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ ᱩᱯᱚᱱᱤᱵᱮᱥ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱵᱚᱱᱫᱚᱨ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱯ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱟᱨᱼᱯᱮ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱒᱕᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱔᱐᱐᱐᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱰᱷᱤᱨ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱱᱠᱟ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱑᱘᱖᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱰᱱᱤ ᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Map of Melbourne and Geelong urban areas

ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱨᱮ ᱭᱟᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱱᱰᱨᱳᱱ ᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱦᱚᱭ ᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Melbourne Regional Office (1991–2020)ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱭᱼᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ
ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽ ᱢᱟᱨᱪ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱢᱮᱹ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱥᱮᱯ ᱚᱠᱴᱚ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮ ᱰᱤᱥᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ
ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱳᱨᱰ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 45.6
(114.1)
46.4
(115.5)
41.7
(107.1)
34.9
(94.8)
28.7
(83.7)
22.4
(72.3)
23.3
(73.9)
26.5
(79.7)
31.4
(88.5)
36.9
(98.4)
40.9
(105.6)
43.7
(110.7)
46.4
(115.5)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
24.6
(76.3)
21.1
(70.0)
17.6
(63.7)
15.1
(59.2)
14.5
(58.1)
15.9
(60.6)
18.1
(64.6)
20.5
(68.9)
22.9
(73.2)
24.8
(76.6)
20.8
(69.4)
ᱫᱤᱱᱟᱹᱢ ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱥᱮ) 21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
16.5
(61.7)
13.7
(56.7)
11.7
(53.1)
11.0
(51.8)
11.9
(53.4)
13.8
(56.8)
15.7
(60.3)
17.9
(64.2)
19.6
(67.3)
16.2
(61.2)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 16.1
(61.0)
16.4
(61.5)
14.6
(58.3)
11.8
(53.2)
9.8
(49.6)
8.2
(46.8)
7.5
(45.5)
7.9
(46.2)
9.4
(48.9)
10.9
(51.6)
12.8
(55.0)
14.3
(57.7)
11.6
(52.9)
ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱠᱳᱨᱰ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 5.5
(41.9)
4.5
(40.1)
2.8
(37.0)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−2.1
(28.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.1
(32.2)
2.5
(36.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱫᱟᱜᱼᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ ᱢᱤᱢᱤ (ᱤᱧᱪᱤ) 44.2
(1.74)
50.2
(1.98)
39.0
(1.54)
53.2
(2.09)
43.9
(1.73)
49.5
(1.95)
39.8
(1.57)
47.0
(1.85)
54.5
(2.15)
55.8
(2.20)
63.3
(2.49)
60.9
(2.40)
600.9
(23.66)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱫᱟᱜᱼᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ (≥ 1mm) 5.6 5.0 5.5 7.1 8.1 8.6 8.3 9.4 9.8 9.0 7.7 6.5 90.6
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱟᱹᱭᱩᱵ relative humidity (%) 47 47 47 50 57 61 59 53 50 47 47 46 51
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱤᱛᱩᱝ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ 272.8 228.8 226.3 186.0 142.6 123.0 136.4 167.4 186.0 226.3 225.0 263.5 ᱒,᱓᱘᱔.᱑
ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ: Bureau of Meteorology.[᱙][᱑᱐][᱑᱑]

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱦᱮᱡᱽ, ᱴᱩᱨᱤᱡᱚᱢ, ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ, ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ, ᱟᱭᱴᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱤᱥᱟᱪ (research) ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱼᱟ᱾

ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱰᱮᱢᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Established during the gold rush, Melbourne's Chinatown is the longest continuous Chinese settlement in the Western world.

᱒᱐᱑᱘ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ ᱢᱮᱴᱨᱚᱯᱚᱞᱤᱴᱚᱱ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱔,᱙᱖᱓,᱓᱔᱙ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

Country of Birth (2016)[᱑᱒]
Birthplace[N ᱑] Population
Australia 2,684,072
India 161,078
Mainland China 155,998
England 133,300
Vietnam 79,054
New Zealand 78,906
Italy 63,332
Sri Lanka 54,030
Malaysia 47,642
Greece 45,618
Philippines 45,157
South Africa 24,168
Hong Kong 20,840

᱒᱐᱑᱖ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱰᱮᱱ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ[᱑᱒]

  • ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ (᱒᱘%)
  • ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ (᱒᱖%)[N ᱒]
  • ᱤᱨᱤᱥ (᱙.᱗%)
  • ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱤᱡᱽ (᱘.᱕%)
  • ᱥᱠᱴᱤᱥ (᱗.᱘%)
  • ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ (᱗.᱑%)
  • ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ (᱔.᱗%)
  • ᱜᱨᱤᱠ (᱓.᱙%)
  • ᱡᱟᱨᱢᱟᱱ (᱓.᱒%)
  • ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢᱤ (᱒.᱔%)
  • ᱰᱟᱪᱽ (᱑.᱖%)
  • ᱢᱟᱞᱛᱮᱥ (᱑.᱖%)
  • ᱯᱷᱤᱞᱤᱯᱤᱱᱳ (᱑.᱔%)
  • ᱫᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟᱱ (᱑.᱓%)
  • ᱯᱳᱞᱳᱥ (᱑.ᱚ%)
  • ᱞᱮᱵᱟᱱᱤᱥ (᱑.᱑%)

᱒᱐᱑᱖ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ 0.᱕% ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱟᱨᱵᱟᱝ ᱒᱔,᱐᱖᱒ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ, ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ[᱑᱔]

ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱐ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱮᱴᱨᱚᱯᱚᱞᱤᱴᱚᱱ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱮᱞᱵᱳᱨᱱ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱖᱓.᱓% ᱦᱚᱲ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱ ᱪᱮᱫᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ (᱓.᱖%), ᱪᱤᱱ (᱓.᱕%), ᱤᱝᱞᱮᱱᱰ (᱓%), ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ (᱑.᱘%) ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱭᱩᱡᱤᱞᱮᱱᱰ (᱑.᱘%) ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱ᱾[᱑᱕]

ᱦᱮᱡᱽᱥᱮᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2018–19, ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION – States and Territories - Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, 30 June 2019". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 25 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2020. Retrieved 25 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2020. 
  2. https://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/CensusOutput/copsub2016.NSF/All%20docs%20by%20catNo/2016~Community%20Profile~2GMEL/$File/GCP_2GMEL.zip?OpenElement
  3. "Great Circle Distance between MELBOURNE and CANBERRA". Geoscience Australia. ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2004. 
  4. "Great Circle Distance between MELBOURNE and ADELAIDE". Geoscience Australia. ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2004. 
  5. "Great Circle Distance between MELBOURNE and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2004. 
  6. "Great Circle Distance between MELBOURNE and BRISBANE". Geoscience Australia. ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2004. 
  7. "Great Circle Distance between MELBOURNE and PERTH". Geoscience Australia. ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2004. 
  8. Gary Presland, The First Residents of Melbourne's Western Region, (revised edition), Harriland Press, 1997. ISBN 0-646-33150-7
  9. "Climate statistics for MELBOURNE REGIONAL OFFICE". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 18, 2020. 
  10. "Highest Temperature - 086071". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 26, 2018. 
  11. "Lowest Temperature - 086071". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 26, 2018. 
  12. ᱑᱒.᱐ ᱑᱒.᱑ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Melbourne". Quick Stats Census Data. 
  13. Statistics, c=AU; o=Commonwealth of Australia; ou=Australian Bureau of. "Feature Article - Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Australia (Feature Article)". www.abs.gov.au. 
  14. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au
  15. "2016 Census QuickStats". Quick Stats Census Data. 


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