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ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱤᱸᱞᱤᱥ ᱟᱹᱲᱟ Poltics ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ Politics ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱤᱡᱚᱨᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾(ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟ: πολιτικά,Politiká,ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟᱺ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ "ᱸᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ" ),ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱴᱷᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹᱜᱼᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱩᱼᱟ ᱾[1] ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱱᱤᱥᱴᱟᱹ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[2] ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱥᱚᱫᱳᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱳᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱣᱟᱹᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱵᱮᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[3] ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱲ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱮᱯᱮᱨᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ [4]᱾ᱡᱮᱞᱮᱠ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ,ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱱᱮᱥᱱᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ,ᱜᱨᱮᱴ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱮᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱴᱳᱛᱤᱮᱡ ᱾

ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱙᱓᱕ ᱤᱸᱞᱤᱥ ᱭᱤᱫᱫᱤᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱵᱷᱳᱴᱚᱨ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱩᱴ ᱮᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ Politics (Πολιτικά, Polis) ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱜᱮ ᱟᱨᱤᱥᱴᱳᱴᱚᱞᱼᱟ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ Politics ᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ᱑᱕ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱬᱜᱟᱛ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱤᱸᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ "Polettiques" ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱤᱸᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ "politics" ᱮᱱᱟ. ᱑᱔᱓᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ πολιτικός (politikos) ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱴᱤᱼᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ politicus ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱯᱷᱨᱮᱪ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ politique ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ politicᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱤᱸᱞᱤᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭᱟᱼᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ "ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱦᱟᱜ , ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ,ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭᱟᱱ) ᱾

ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱᱤᱠ ᱵᱮᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟᱹ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱲ, ᱫᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟᱹ ᱨᱟᱭᱨᱤᱛ, ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱦᱚᱸ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱡᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱭᱟ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱠᱚᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱩᱫᱟᱹ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟᱜᱮ ᱟᱵᱚ ᱫᱤᱱᱟᱹᱢ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨᱟ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ,ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ,ᱪᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱿ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱵᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱩᱜᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱤᱡ,ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱷᱲᱟᱣ,ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱮᱫᱞᱮᱠᱟᱨᱮ ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝ ᱮ ᱧᱩᱨ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ , ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱭᱦᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱦᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱧᱪᱟᱣ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱠᱚᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱦᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢᱼᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱼᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱩᱥᱴᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱦᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱡᱩᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱰᱣᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨ ᱦᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱵᱮᱨᱮᱫ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾
ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱸᱜᱟ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱚᱱᱩᱥᱴᱷᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱧ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛᱠᱚᱭ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱩᱲ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ ᱞᱟᱥᱟᱬ ᱦᱚᱠ ("divine right of kings") ᱠᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱩᱢᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱑᱐᱐ ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱒᱑᱐᱐ A.D ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱥᱩᱢᱩᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱡᱮᱢᱚᱱ ᱭᱩᱹᱠᱮ, ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ, ᱡᱳᱨᱰᱟᱱ ᱾
ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱹᱜ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥ ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱮᱢᱚᱜ ᱠᱩᱜ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱫᱤᱥ ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱯᱚᱨᱤᱥᱚᱫ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱣᱱᱥᱤᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱠᱤᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱᱤᱠ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾
ᱤᱸᱜᱞᱚᱸᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱠᱚᱴᱞᱟᱸᱫ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱚᱨᱞᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱭᱩᱠ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱨᱤᱥᱚᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱹᱪᱤ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱳᱨᱵᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱮᱛᱟᱲ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱴᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱤᱱ ᱫᱩᱲᱩᱵ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱚᱨᱤᱥᱚᱫ ᱼᱟ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱼᱟ ᱠᱟᱣᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱟ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱢᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱥᱩᱥᱟᱹᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱢᱟ , ᱠᱷᱟᱡᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱥᱛᱤ ᱟᱫᱟᱭᱚᱜ ᱢᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱚᱨᱤᱥᱚᱫ ᱱᱟᱣᱟᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱛᱩᱸᱠᱷᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱹᱥᱠᱟᱹ ᱦᱚᱪᱚᱭᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱒᱖ᱹ᱐᱗ᱹ᱒᱐᱑᱗ ᱢᱤᱞᱴᱟᱨᱤ ᱵᱭᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱪᱷᱤᱞ, ᱦᱣᱟᱭᱤᱴ ᱦᱟᱩᱥ, ᱣᱟᱥᱤᱝᱴᱚᱱ ᱰᱤᱹᱥᱤ

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱚᱸᱜᱚᱴᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱤᱡᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱜᱵᱷᱟᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱝ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱴᱷᱟᱶᱡᱟᱹᱱᱤᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱵᱤᱪᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱛᱟᱹᱨ

ᱞᱮᱸᱜᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱠᱞᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱩᱫᱟᱹᱨ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Book | Appearance and Reality in Politics, author:William E. Connolly , publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Book | Globalization and Politics, Vol. 1: Global Political and Legal Governance, author: Paul James (academic) https://www.academia.edu/7285675
  • Ryan, Alan: On Politics: A History of Political Thought from Herodotus to the Present. London: Allen Lane, 2012. ISBN-978-0-713-99364-6

ᱥᱟᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Rod Hauge;Martin Harrop(31May 2013) Comparative Government and Politics:An introduction.[1] Macmillan International Higher Education.pp-1- ISBN-978-1--137-31786-5
  2. Definition of Political by Merriam-Webster [2]
  3. Giovanni Satori (2005) Party and party System ,A frame work for Analysis [3]
  4. Party and Election System in New European Democracies [4]