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ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ
ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ
Central Bodish
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ
ᱥᱮᱨᱯᱟ
ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ
ᱪᱷᱮᱨ
ᱪᱤᱱ (ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱥᱟᱭᱚᱛᱛᱚᱥᱟᱥᱤᱛᱚ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ, ᱪᱤᱝᱦᱟᱭ, ᱥᱤᱪᱩᱣᱟᱱ, ᱜᱟᱱᱥᱩ, ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱱ); ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ (ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ, ᱥᱤᱠᱠᱤᱢ, ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ, ᱚᱨᱩᱱᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ, ᱟᱥᱟᱢ); ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ (ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ-ᱵᱟᱞᱛᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ); ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ; ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ
ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧᱪᱤᱱᱟᱼᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ
ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱨᱩᱯ
ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ
ᱜᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽoldm1245[᱑]
ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ

ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ (ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ: བོད་སྐད།, ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ: Tibetic languages) ᱫᱚ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱼᱵᱚᱨᱢᱚᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱮᱢᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛ ᱞᱩᱜᱷᱩᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱩᱯᱚᱢᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱦᱮᱢᱟᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣᱭᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛ, ᱪᱤᱝᱦᱟᱭ, ᱜᱟᱱᱥᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ‌ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ, ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ, ᱥᱤᱠᱠᱤᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱚᱨᱩᱱᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ, ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ-ᱵᱟᱞᱛᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ[᱒][᱓][᱔]

ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱖᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ[᱕] ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱤᱵᱵᱚᱛᱤ ᱵᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Early Old Tibetan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. {{cite book}}: Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (help)
  2. Beyer, Stephan V. (1992). The Classical Tibetan Language. SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-1099-4.
  3. Denwood, Philip (1999). Tibetan. John Benjamins Publishing. ISBN 90-272-3803-0.
  4. Denwood, Philip (2007). "The Language History of Tibetan". In Roland Bielmeier, Felix Haller. Linguistics of the Himalayas and beyond. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 47–70. ISBN 3-11-019828-2.
  5. Tournadre, Nicolas (2014). "The Tibetic languages and their classification". In Owen-Smith, Thomas; Hill, Nathan W. (eds.). Trans-Himalayan Linguistics: Historical and Descriptive Linguistics of the Himalayan Area. De Gruyter. pp. 103–129. ISBN 978-3-11-031074-0. (preprint)

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]