ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Turkic
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ Turkic peoples
ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ
ᱪᱷᱮᱨ
Western Asia
Central Asia
North Asia (Siberia)
East Asia
Caucasus
Eastern Europe
Southern Europe
ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ One of the world's primary language families
ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳᱼᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ Proto-Turkic
ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ
ᱟᱭᱮᱥᱳ ᱖᱓᱙ᱼ᱕ trk
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ turk1311[᱑]
TurkicLanguagemap.png
The distribution of the Turkic languages

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱥᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡᱽ ᱓᱕ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ[᱒] ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱣᱨᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ, ᱠᱚᱠᱮᱥᱟᱥ,ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ (ᱢᱩᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱭᱵᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ) ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱚᱝᱜᱚᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳᱼᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱫᱽ[᱓] ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱥᱟᱭᱥᱟᱭᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱠᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ[᱔]

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱷᱮᱨ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱑᱗ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱮᱞ ᱒᱐ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ,ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱟᱱᱟᱛᱳᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱞᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱔᱐% ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱾

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ, ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱵᱷᱟᱵᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱹᱨᱤᱛ ᱵᱳᱭᱥᱤᱥᱴᱳ (features) ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱳᱜᱷᱩᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱯᱟᱱᱻᱟᱹᱯᱤᱱ ᱵᱩᱯᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱶ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ, ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱵᱟᱭᱡᱟᱱᱤ, ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱢᱮᱱ, ᱠᱟᱥᱠᱟᱭ, ᱜᱟᱜᱳᱣᱡᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱳᱜᱷᱩᱡᱽ ᱚᱨᱥᱚᱝ ᱠᱨᱟᱭᱢᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱚᱱᱮᱭᱟ, ᱳᱜᱷᱩᱡᱽ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱠᱞᱟ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱡᱤᱣᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱪᱩᱵᱷᱟᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱫᱷᱟᱨᱚᱱ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱳᱜᱷᱩᱡᱽ ᱥᱟᱵᱟᱼᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱤᱯᱪᱟᱠ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱯᱟᱱᱻᱟᱹᱯᱤᱱ ᱵᱩᱯᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱶ ᱾

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱢᱚᱝᱜᱚᱞᱤᱠ, ᱛᱩᱝᱜᱩᱥᱤᱠ, ᱠᱳᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱯᱳᱱᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱞ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡᱽ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱞᱛᱟᱭᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱨᱳᱥᱛᱟᱵᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱨᱳᱥᱛᱟᱵᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱣᱨᱟᱞᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱢᱮᱞ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱤᱣᱨᱟᱞᱼᱟᱞᱮᱴᱤᱠ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱪᱟᱹᱨᱤᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱩᱞᱟᱹᱱᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Turkic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. Dybo A.V. (2007). "ХРОНОЛОГИЯ ТЮРКСКИХ ЯЗЫКОВ И ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКИЕ КОНТАКТЫ РАННИХ ТЮРКОВ" [Chronology of Turkish Languages and Linguistic Contacts of Early Turks] (PDF) (in ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ). p. 766. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-03-11. Retrieved 2020-04-01.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  3. Janhunen, Juha (2013). "Personal pronouns in Core Altaic". In Martine Irma Robbeets; Hubert Cuyckens. Shared Grammaticalization: With Special Focus on the Transeurasian Languages. p. 223. ISBN 9789027205995. 
  4. Katzner, Kenneth (ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2002). Languages of the World, Third Edition. Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd. ISBN 978-0-415-25004-7.