ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ
Lietuvos Respublika  (Lithuanian)
Flag of Lithuania Coat of Arms of Lithuania
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧTautiška giesmė
(English: "National Hymn")

[[File:
EU-Lithuania.svg
Lithuania in the world (W3).svg
|250px |center |alt=|Lithuania ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱞᱪᱟᱞ]]
Location of  ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ
(and largest city)
Vilnius
ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ Lithuanian[᱑]
Regional Polish, Russian
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ (census 2019[᱒])
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ Lithuanian
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Unitary semi-presidential republic[᱓][᱔][᱕][᱖]
 -  President Gitanas Nausėda
 -  Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis
 -  Seimas Speaker Viktoras Pranckietis
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ Seimas
Formation
 -  First mentioned 9 March 1009 
 -  Grand Duchy 1236 
 -  Coronation of Mindaugas 6 July 1253 
 -  Union with Poland 2 February 1386 
 -  Commonwealth created 1 July 1569 
 -  Partitioned 24 October 1795 
 -  Independence declared 16 February 1918 
 -  Independence restored 11 March 1990 
 -  Admitted to NATO 29 March 2004 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱖᱕,᱓᱐᱐ km2 (121st)
᱒᱕,᱒᱑᱒  
 -  ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ (%) 1.35
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2020 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ increase2,794,329[᱗] (140th)
 -  ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱮ 43/ᱠᱤᱹᱢᱤᱹ (173rd)
᱑᱑᱑/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱹ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) 2020 ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ $107 billion[᱘] (83rd)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $38,751[᱘] (38th)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) 2020 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ $56 billion[᱘] (80th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $20,355[᱘] (42nd)
ᱡᱤᱱᱤ (2019) 35.4 
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2018) 0.869 (34th)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ Euro () (EUR)
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ EET (UTC+2)
 -  ᱥᱤᱛᱩᱝ ᱫᱤᱱ (ᱰᱤᱹᱮᱥᱹᱴᱤ) EEST (UTC+3)
ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ yyyy-mm-dd (CE)
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ right
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .lta
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ
www.lietuva.lt
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +370

Coordinates: 55°N 24°E / 55°N 24°E / 55; 24

ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ( /ˌlɪθjuˈniə/ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ: Lietuva) ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞᱤ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱞᱴᱤᱠ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱟᱞᱴᱤᱠ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ, ᱥᱣᱤᱰᱮᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱱᱢᱟᱨᱠ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱛᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ‌ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱜᱟ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱯᱳᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮᱼᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱞᱤᱱᱤᱱᱜᱽᱨᱟᱫᱽ ᱳᱵᱞᱟᱥᱴ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱒᱘ ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱷᱤᱞᱱᱤᱭᱟᱥ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱟᱣᱱᱟᱥ, ᱠᱞᱟᱭᱯᱮᱫᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱤᱛᱷᱩᱣᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱫᱳ-ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱵᱟᱞᱴᱤᱠ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱡᱤᱣᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱛᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱ

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱰᱮᱢᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

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ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Lithuania's Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2019" (PDF). Constitute Project. 
  2. "Ethnicity, mother tongue and religion". Official Statistics Portal. Statistics Lithuania. 12 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2019. Archived from the original on 15 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018. Retrieved 15 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  3. Kulikauskienė, Lina (2002). Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija [The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania] (in Lithuanian). Native History, CD. ISBN 978-9986-9216-7-7. 
  4. Veser, Ernst (23 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 1997). "Semi-Presidentialism-Duverger's Concept – A New Political System Model" (PDF) (in English and Chinese). Department of Education, School of Education, University of Cologne. pp. 39–60. Retrieved 23 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2017. Duhamel has developed the approach further: He stresses that the French construction does not correspond to either parliamentary or the presidential form of government, and then develops the distinction of 'système politique' and 'régime constitutionnel'. While the former comprises the exercise of power that results from the dominant institutional practice, the latter is the totality of the rules for the dominant institutional practice of the power. In this way, France appears as 'presidentialist system' endowed with a 'semi-presidential regime' (1983: 587). By this standard he recognizes Duverger's pléiade as semi-presidential regimes, as well as Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Lithuania (1993: 87). 
  5. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. United States: University of California, San Diego. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2008. Retrieved 23 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2017.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). French Politics. Palgrave Macmillan Journals. 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087Freely accessible. Retrieved 23 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2017. A pattern similar to the French case of compatible majorities alternating with periods of cohabitation emerged in Lithuania, where Talat-Kelpsa (2001) notes that the ability of the Lithuanian president to influence government formation and policy declined abruptly when he lost the sympathetic majority in parliament. 
  7. "Pradžia – Oficialiosios statistikos portalas". osp.stat.gov.lt. 
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ ᱘.᱒ ᱘.᱓ "Lithuania". International Monetary Fund.