ᱞᱳᱢᱵᱟᱨᱰ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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lombard/lumbaart (WL)
lombard (EL)
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ, ᱥᱩᱭᱡᱟᱨᱞᱮᱱᱰ




ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱓.᱙ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱒)[᱕]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-3 lmo
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ lomb1257[᱖]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ 51-AAA-oc & 51-AAA-od
Lombard language situation map.svg
Idioma lombardo.PNG
Lombard-speaking areas in blue, with transition dialects between Lombard and Emilian in a lighter shade. The green line marks the passage from Western to Eastern varieties.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

ᱞᱳᱢᱵᱟᱨᱰ (lumbàart, lumbard ᱥᱮ lombard) ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱗] ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱓,᱕᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱳᱢᱵᱟᱨᱫᱤᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱟᱰᱮᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱯᱤᱰᱢᱚᱱᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱩᱭᱡᱟᱨᱞᱮᱱᱰ[᱗] ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱞᱳᱢᱵᱟᱨᱰ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱚᱠᱥᱤᱴᱟᱱ[᱘][᱙] ᱯᱤᱭᱮᱢᱳᱱᱴᱮᱭᱤᱥ[᱑᱐] ᱟᱨ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱨᱼᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ Minahan, James (2000). One Europe, many nations: a historical dictionary of European national groups. Westport. 
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ Moseley, Christopher (2007). Encyclopedia of the world's endangered languages. New York. 
  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ Coluzzi, Paolo (2007). Minority language planning and micronationalism in Italy. Berne. 
  4. Spoken in Botuverá, in Brazil, municipality established by Italian migrants coming from the valley between Treviglio and Crema. A thesis of Leiden University about Brasilian Bergamasque: [᱑].
  5. ᱞᱳᱢᱵᱟᱨᱰ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  6. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Lombard". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  7. ᱗.᱐ ᱗.᱑ Jones, Mary C.; Soria, Claudia (2015). "Assessing the effect of official recognition on the vitality of endangered languages: a case of study from Italy". Policy and Planning for Endangered Languages. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 130. ISBN 9781316352410. Archived from the original on 2017-04-21. Lombard (Lumbard, ISO 639-9 lmo) is a cluster of essentially homogeneous varieties (Tamburelli 2014: 9) belonging to the Gallo-Italic group. It is spoken in the Italian region of Lombardy, in the Novara province of Piedmont, and in Switzerland. Mutual intelligibility between speakers of Lombard and monolingual Italian speakers has been reported as very low (Tamburelli 2014). Although some Lombard varieties, Milanese in particular, enjoy a rather long and prestigious literary tradition, Lombard is now mostly used in informal domains. According to Ethnologue, Piedmontese and Lombard are spoken by between 1,600,000 and 2,000,000 speakers and around 3,500,000 speakers respectively. These are very high figures for languages that have never been recognised officially nor systematically taught in school  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. "Lombard". thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 30 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2018. 
  9. Bishop, Caroline (2 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2017). "18 interesting facts about Switzerland's fourth language, Romansh". www.thelocal.ch. 
  10. Bonfadini, Giovanni. "lombardi, dialetti" [Lombard dialects]. Enciclopedia Treccani (in ᱤᱴᱟᱞᱤᱟᱱ).