ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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Azad Jammu and Kashmir

ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ
Administrative Territory
Flag of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Flag
ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱷᱟ Azad Jammu and Kashmir
ᱥᱤᱞ
ᱟᱱᱛᱷᱤᱢ: Watan Hamara Azad Kashmir
Azad Jammu and Kashmir is shown in red, the rest of Pakistan is shown in off-white, and the rest of Jammu and Kashmir is hatched, showing area with Pakistan's territorial claim
Azad Jammu and Kashmir is shown in red, the rest of Pakistan is shown in off-white, and the rest of Jammu and Kashmir is hatched, showing area with Pakistan's territorial claim
Map of Azad Kashmir with 10 districts
Map of Azad Kashmir with 10 districts
Coordinates: 33°50′36″N 73°51′05″E / 33.84333°N 73.85139°E / 33.84333; 73.85139Coordinates: 33°50′36″N 73°51′05″E / 33.84333°N 73.85139°E / 33.84333; 73.85139
Country Pakistan
Established October 24, 1947 (Azad Kashmir Day)
Capital Muzaffarabad
Largest city New Mirpur City
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ Self-governing[᱑][᱒][᱓] state under Pakistani administration[᱔][᱕]
 • ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ Azad Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly
 • President Masood Khan
 • Prime Minister Raja Farooq Haider (PML-N)
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ 13297 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (5134 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (2017)
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱔.᱐᱔᱕ million
PKT (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+5)
ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱥ.ᱳ ᱓᱑᱖᱖ ᱠᱳᱰ PK-JK
Main languages
Ethnic groups Gujjar (largest)
Sudhan
Rajput
Jatt
Abbasi
Mughal
Awan
Syed
Kashmiri
others
Districts 10
Towns 19
Union Councils 182
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ www.ajk.gov.pk

ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱡᱟᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ, ᱛᱚᱨ. 'Free Jammu and Kashmir', ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱚ ᱛᱮ AJK ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ, ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱫ ᱵᱚᱱ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣᱼᱟ ᱾ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱞ ᱵᱷᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱫᱼᱮ ᱫᱟᱹᱵᱤ ᱟᱹᱜᱩ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ᱤᱠᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱷᱟᱶᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱮ ᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱮᱫᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱠᱚᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱫ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱷᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱴᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱖᱒ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱵᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱴᱼᱵᱟᱞᱛᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱿ᱸᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱜᱮ ᱭᱩᱱᱟᱭᱴᱮᱰ ᱱᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱡᱮᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮᱫ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ The Indian government and Indian sources refer to Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan as "Pakistan-occupied Kashmir" ("PoK")[᱖] or "Pakistan-held Kashmir" (PHK).[᱗] Sometimes Azad Kashmir alone is meant by these terms. "Pakistan-administered Kashmir" and "Pakistan-controlled Kashmir"[᱘][᱙] are used by neutral sources. Conversely, Pakistani sources call the territory under Indian control "Indian-Occupied Kashmir" ("IOK") or "Indian-Held Kashmir" ("IHK"). ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛᱼᱵᱟᱞᱛᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱩᱭ ᱵᱷᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱟᱰᱨᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱼᱟ ᱾[᱑᱐] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱟᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱭᱵᱚᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱷᱛᱩᱱᱠᱷᱣᱟ,ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱡᱟᱵ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱚᱯᱷ ᱠᱳᱱᱴᱨᱳᱞ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱗ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱱᱥᱚᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱔᱐᱔᱕᱓᱖᱖ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱟᱰᱨᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱿ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱣᱮᱥᱴᱢᱤᱱᱤᱥᱴᱚᱨ ᱰᱷᱟᱸᱪᱟ ᱯᱟᱸᱡᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱫ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱚᱫᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ , ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱜᱟᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱠᱚᱭᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱭᱥᱤ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤᱭ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱚᱫᱽ ᱛᱩᱞᱩᱡ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱯᱨᱤᱢ ᱠᱳᱨᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱭᱠᱳᱨᱴ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱼᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛᱼᱵᱟᱞᱛᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱵᱷᱟᱜ ᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ,ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱮ ᱡᱚᱣᱟᱣᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱚᱫᱽᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱲᱩᱵ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱡᱟᱫ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Richard M. Bird; François Vaillancourt (ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 4, 2008). Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries. Cambridge University Press. pp. 127–. ISBN 978-0-521-10158-5. 
  2. Bose, Sumantra (2009). Contested Lands. Harvard University Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-674-02856-2. Azad Kashmir – 'Free Kashmir,' the more populated and nominally self-governing part of Pakistani-controlled Kashmir 
  3. "Territorial limits". Herald. ᱢᱮ 7, 2015. Archived from the original on ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 25, 2015. Retrieved ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 24, 2015. These are self-ruled autonomous regions. But restrictions apply.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named brit
  5. "Kashmir profile". BBC News. ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 26, 2014. Archived from the original on ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 16, 2015. Retrieved ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 24, 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. Snedden 2013, pp. 2–3.
  7. Chandra, Bipan; Mukherjee, Aditya; Mukherje, Mridula (2008). India since Independence. Penguin Books India. p. 416. ISBN 0143104098. 
  8. Bose, Sumantra (2009). Contested lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus and Sri Lanka. Harvard University Press. p. 193. ISBN 0674028562. 
  9. Behera, Navnita Chadha (2007). Demystifying Kashmir. Pearson Education India. p. 66. ISBN 8131708462. 
  10. "Gilgit-Baltistan: Story of how region 6 times the size of PoK passed on to Pakistan".