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ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ is located in Tamil Nadu
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ is located in India
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ
ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
Coordinates: 11°01′00″N 79°52′00″E / 11.01667°N 79.86667°E / 11.01667; 79.86667Coordinates: 11°01′00″N 79°52′00″E / 11.01667°N 79.86667°E / 11.01667; 79.86667
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ
ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ [᱑]
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ161 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (62 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ(᱒᱐᱑᱑)[᱑]
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ᱒᱐᱐,᱒᱒᱒
 • ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ1200/ᱠᱤᱢᱤ2 (3200/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱹᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
 • ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱯᱷᱨᱮᱸᱪ,[᱒] ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ,[᱓] ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ,[᱓]
IST (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+᱐᱕:᱓᱐)
ᱯᱤᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ᱖᱐᱙ ᱖᱐᱒
ᱴᱮᱞᱤᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ᱙᱑ (᱐)᱔᱓᱖᱘
ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱨᱤᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤPY-02
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴkaraikal.gov.in

ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ (ᱯᱷᱨᱮᱸᱪ: ᱰᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤᱠᱴ ᱰᱤ ᱠᱟᱨᱤᱠᱟᱞ) ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱱᱭᱟᱹ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱥᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱖᱐ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱖᱒ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱞ) ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱔]

ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱹᱝ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱸᱥᱤᱥᱤ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱚᱱᱰᱤᱪᱮᱨᱤ, ᱭᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱦᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱸᱥᱤᱥᱤ ᱮᱱᱠᱞᱮᱵᱽ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ, ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱭᱤᱞᱟᱫᱩᱛᱷᱩᱨᱟᱭ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱛᱮ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱯᱟᱴᱴᱤᱱᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱛᱮ, ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱵᱟᱨᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱚ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱷᱮᱨᱟᱣ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐᱐,᱒᱒᱒ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ,[᱕] ᱥᱟᱢᱳᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟ ᱾[᱖] ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱕᱘᱙ ᱨᱮᱸᱠᱤᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ (ᱜᱩᱴ ᱖᱔᱐ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ) ᱾[᱕] ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑,᱒᱕᱒ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱓,᱒᱔᱐/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱞ) ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱕] ᱒᱐᱐᱑-᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱜᱨᱚᱛᱷ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱗.᱒᱙% ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱕] ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱹᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱑᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱐᱔᱘ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ,[᱕] ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱠᱷᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱘᱗.᱘᱓% ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱕]

ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱗᱕.᱔᱑% ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱑᱐.᱗᱐% ᱫᱚ ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ, ᱖.᱔᱖% ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱤᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱐.᱑᱒% ᱫᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱗]

ᱥᱟᱜᱟᱲᱚᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱜ

ᱥᱩᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱨᱤᱪᱤ (ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱪᱤᱨᱟᱯᱟᱞᱞᱤ) ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ ᱚᱛ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱤᱡᱮ ᱯᱩᱸᱡᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱘][ᱵᱩᱜᱤᱭᱟᱜ  ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟ]

ᱨᱮᱞᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ

ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱥᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱙]

ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ

ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱯᱚᱨᱴ ᱯᱨᱟᱭᱵᱷᱮᱴ ᱞᱤᱢᱤᱴᱮᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ MARG ᱞᱤᱢᱤᱴᱮᱰ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱱᱤᱡᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱒᱐᱐᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱨᱟᱭᱠᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱤᱡᱷᱟᱣᱟᱱᱡᱚᱨ ᱟᱹᱛᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱓᱐᱐ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱩᱛᱤᱠᱚᱨᱤᱱ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱓᱖᱐ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱜᱟᱨ ᱑᱐° ᱕᱐' ᱕᱖" ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱐° ᱔᱙' ᱔᱔" ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱑᱐]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ "Official website of Karaikal District, Puducherry UT". Archived from the original on 2016-09-12. Retrieved 2016-09-03.
  2. Animesh Rai (2020). The Legacy of French Rule in India (1674-1954): An investigation of a process of Creolization. Institut français de Pondichéry. ISBN 9791036549892.
  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ "The Pondicherry Official Languages Act, 1965" (PDF). lawsofindia.org. Laws of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  4. Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Pondicherry: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1222. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  5. ᱕.᱐ ᱕.᱑ ᱕.᱒ ᱕.᱓ ᱕.᱔ ᱕.᱕ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Samoa 193,161
  7. "New Page 1". Archived from the original on 2009-07-16. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
  8. "Coimbatore firm to build India's first private airport in Karaikal". The Times of India. 13 March 2012. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  9. "Nagore-Karaikal BG line inspection by September". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 8 July 2011.
  10. http://www.karaikalport.com/