ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
София (ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ)
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ, ᱞᱮᱸᱜᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱢ: ᱴᱥᱟᱨᱤᱜᱨᱟᱰᱥᱠᱳ ᱥᱳᱥ, ᱥᱵᱷᱮᱛᱟ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱢᱩᱨᱛᱤ, ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱮᱠᱟᱰᱮᱢᱤ, ᱥᱮᱱᱴ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱪᱟᱨᱪ, ᱵᱳᱨᱤᱥᱳᱵᱷᱟ ᱜᱽᱨᱟᱰᱤᱱᱟ, ᱤᱵᱷᱟᱱ ᱵᱷᱟᱡᱳᱵᱷ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱷᱤᱭᱮᱴᱟᱨ, ᱟᱞᱮᱠᱡᱟᱱᱰᱟᱨ ᱱᱮᱵᱷᱟᱥᱠᱤ ᱠᱮᱛᱷᱤᱰᱨᱟᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱮᱥᱟᱱᱟᱞ ᱯᱮᱞᱮᱥ ᱚᱯᱷ ᱠᱟᱞᱪᱟᱨ
Flag of ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
Flag
Coat of arms of ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
Coat of arms
ᱡᱚᱥ: "Ever growing, never aging"[᱑]
("Расте, но не старее")
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ is located in ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ is located in ᱵᱚᱞᱠᱟᱱ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ is located in ᱤᱭᱩᱨᱚᱯ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ
ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
Coordinates: 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.70°N 23.33°E / 42.70; 23.33Coordinates: 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.70°N 23.33°E / 42.70; 23.33
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱤᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱢᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱥᱤᱯᱟᱞᱤᱴᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ
ᱫᱤᱥ. ᱜᱤᱨᱟᱹᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱗᱐᱐᱐ BC ᱠᱷᱚᱱ[᱓]
ᱱᱤᱭᱳᱞᱤᱛᱷᱤᱠ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱞᱢᱮᱱᱴ ᱕᱕᱐᱐-᱖᱐᱐᱐ BC[᱔]
ᱛᱷᱨᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱞᱢᱮᱱᱴ ᱑᱔᱐᱐ BC[᱕][᱖]
ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ ᱔᱖ AD (as Serdica)[᱗]
ᱠᱨᱩᱢ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱘᱐᱙ AD (as Sredets)[᱗]
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • ᱢᱮᱭᱚᱨ ᱭᱳᱨᱫᱟᱱᱠᱟ ᱯᱷᱟᱱᱰᱟᱠᱳᱵᱷᱟ (ᱡᱤ.ᱤ.ᱟᱨ.ᱵᱤ)
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 • ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ 492 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (190 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱥᱟᱦᱟᱨ • ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ[᱑᱐] 5723 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (2210 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
 • ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ[᱑᱑] 10738 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (4146 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱩᱥᱩᱞ[᱑᱒] 500–699 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (1640–2293 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (2019)
 • ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱑᱑px ᱑,᱒᱔᱒,᱕᱖᱘[᱒]
 • ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱑᱑px ᱑,᱕᱔᱙,᱔᱖᱕[᱙]
 • ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ 271/ᱠᱤᱢᱤ2 (700/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱹᱭᱤᱞ)
 • ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ Decrease ᱑,᱖᱗᱔,᱖᱕᱑[᱘]
Demonym(s) ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱ (en)
Софиянец/ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱮᱴᱥ (bg)
EET (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+2)
 • ᱥᱤᱛᱩᱝ (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱳᱰ(ᱠᱚ) (+359) 02
HDI (᱒᱐᱑᱘) 0.871[᱑᱓]
very high
ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱨᱮᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱮᱥᱱ ᱯᱞᱮᱴ C, CA, CB
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ www.sofia.bg

ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ (ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ: София, ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ) ᱫᱚ ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱳᱥᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱚᱞᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱟᱼᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱮᱸᱫᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱰᱨᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱮᱡᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱑᱔][᱑᱕]

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱓᱔᱔ ᱪᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ² ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱗,᱐᱕᱙ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ² ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱵᱚᱞᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱵᱩᱞᱜᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ, ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱳᱥᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱵᱚᱞᱠᱟᱱ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱨᱦᱟᱭ ᱮᱥᱮᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱷᱩᱸᱴ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱕᱕᱐ ᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ (᱑,᱘᱐᱐ ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)᱾ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ (ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱤᱫᱽ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ) ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚ ᱤᱣᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ (ᱮᱱᱰᱳᱨᱟ ᱞᱟ ᱵᱷᱮᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱫᱽᱨᱤᱫᱽ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ)᱾ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱥᱳᱯᱷᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱱ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱸᱰᱮᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱮᱥᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱦᱚᱭᱼᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Sofia through centuries". Sofia Municipality. Archived from the original on 19 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2009. Retrieved 16 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2009.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. "Население по градове и пол | Национален статистически институт". www.nsi.bg (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 12 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2021. Retrieved 29 ᱢᱮ 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  3. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ghodsee
  4. Prehistory, Ivan Dikov · in (7 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2015). "Archaeologist Discovers 8,000-Year-Old Nephrite 'Frog-like' Swastika in Slatina Neolithic Settlement in Bulgaria's Capital Sofia – Archaeology in Bulgaria". archaeologyinbulgaria.com. Archived from the original on 22 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2015. Retrieved 20 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. Marazov, Ivan (ed.). Ancient Gold: The Wealth of the Thracians. NY: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1998. Texts by Marazov, Ivan; Venedikov, Ivan; Fol, Alexander; Tacheva, Margarita. ISBN 9780810919921.
  6. Popov, Dimitar (ed.). The Thracians, Iztok – Zapad, Sofia, 2011. ISBN 9789543218691.
  7. ᱗.᱐ ᱗.᱑ Sofia 2016, p. 13.
  8. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named European Metropolitan regions
  9. "Eurostat-Sofia urban area population". Archived from the original on 3 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2015. Retrieved 24 ᱡᱩᱱ 2017.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named URBANISED AREAS
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2020. Retrieved 25 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2020.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  12. "Nsi • National Register of Populated Places •". Archived from the original on 11 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2020. Retrieved 8 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2020.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Archived from the original on 23 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-13.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  14. Lauwerys, Joseph (1970). Education in Cities. Evan's Brothers. ISBN 0-415-39291-8. Archived from the original on 11 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2020. Retrieved 12 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  15. Rogers, Clifford (2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. 1. Oxford University Press. p. 301. ISBN 9780195334036. Archived from the original on 17 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2020. Retrieved 27 ᱡᱩᱱ 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)