ᱯᱨᱚᱬᱚᱵᱽ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱯᱨᱚᱬᱚᱵᱽ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ
Pranab Mukherjee Portrait.jpg
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱑᱓ ᱟᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱕ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱒᱐᱑᱒ – ᱒᱕ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱒᱐᱑᱗
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ
ᱱᱚᱨᱮᱱᱫᱽᱨᱚ ᱢᱚᱫᱤ
Vice President ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱢᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱦᱟᱢᱤᱫᱽ ᱟᱝᱥᱟᱨᱤ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱨᱚᱛᱤᱵᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱴᱤᱞ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱟᱢ ᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱠᱚᱵᱤᱱᱫᱽ
Minister of Finance
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱔ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱒᱐᱐᱙ – ᱒᱔ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱒᱐᱑᱒
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ (Acting)
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ (Acting)
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱕ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱘᱒ – ᱓᱑ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱘᱔
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱤᱸᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱜᱟ.ᱱᱫᱷᱤ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ R. Venkataraman
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱷᱤ. ᱯᱤ. ᱥᱤᱝ
Minister of Defence
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱒ ᱢᱮᱭ ᱒᱐᱐᱔ – ᱒᱖ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱐᱖
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ George Fernandes
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ A. K. Antony
Minister of External Affairs
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱔ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱐᱖ – ᱒᱒ ᱢᱮᱭ ᱒᱐᱐᱙
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ (Acting)
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱥ. ᱮᱢ. ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱱᱟ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑᱐ ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱮᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱙᱑ – ᱑᱖ ᱢᱮᱭ ᱑᱙᱙᱖
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱯᱤ. ᱵᱷᱤ. ᱱᱟᱨᱟᱥᱤᱢᱦᱟ ᱨᱟᱣ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱤᱱᱮᱥ ᱥᱤᱝ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Sikander Bakht
Leader of the Lok Sabha
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱒ ᱢᱮᱭ ᱒᱐᱐᱔ – ᱒᱖ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱒᱐᱑᱒
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱴᱚᱞ ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱡᱽᱯᱮᱭᱤ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱩᱥᱤᱞᱠᱩᱢᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱮ
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱒᱔ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱑᱙᱙᱑ – ᱑᱕ ᱢᱮᱭ ᱑᱙᱙᱖
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱯᱤ. ᱵᱷᱤ. ᱱᱟᱨᱟᱥᱤᱢᱦᱟ ᱨᱟᱣ
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Mohan Dharia
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ Madhu Dandavate
Leader of the Rajya Sabha
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱘᱐ – ᱓᱑ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱘᱔
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱮ. ᱥᱤ. ᱯᱟᱱᱴ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱵᱷᱤ. ᱯᱤ. ᱥᱤᱝ
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑᱐ ᱢᱮᱭ ᱒᱐᱐᱔ – ᱒᱖ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱒᱐᱑᱒
ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱵᱩᱞ ᱦᱚᱥᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ
ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱚᱵᱷᱤᱡᱤᱛ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ
ᱵᱟᱪᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱡᱟᱸᱜᱤᱯᱩᱨ
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ
᱑ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱖᱙ – ᱑ ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱒᱐᱐᱒
ᱵᱟᱪᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱞᱮᱠᱟ Various
ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱᱟᱞ ᱵᱤᱵᱚᱨᱚᱱ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱑᱑ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱓᱕(1935-12-11)
ᱢᱤᱨᱟᱛᱤ, ᱵᱮᱝᱜᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱮᱥᱤᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤ, ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ (present-day ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱸᱜᱽᱞᱟ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ)
ᱜᱩᱨ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱒᱐᱒᱐ (᱘᱔ ᱵᱚᱭᱚᱥ)
ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱫᱚᱞ Independent (2012-d.)
ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ
ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ
Indian National Congress (1969–1986; 1989–2012)
Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (1986–1989)
ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫ
ᱥᱩᱵᱷᱨᱟ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ
(m. ᱑᱙᱕᱗; died ᱒᱐᱑᱕)
ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱨᱢᱤᱥᱴᱷᱟ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ
ᱚᱵᱷᱤᱡᱤᱛ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ
ᱤᱸᱫᱽᱨᱟᱡᱤᱛ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ
ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱷᱲᱟ University of Calcutta (B.A., M.A., LL.B.)
Awards ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱚᱛᱚᱱ (2019)[᱑]
Padma Vibhushan (2008)
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ Official website

ᱯᱨᱚᱬᱚᱵᱽ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ ( ᱑᱑ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱓᱑ ᱼ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱒᱐᱒᱐) ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱑᱓ ᱟᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱒᱐᱑᱒ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒᱐᱑᱗ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱮ ᱠᱟᱢᱤ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱒] ᱑᱙᱓᱕ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱨᱵᱷᱩᱢᱤ ᱡᱤᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱛᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱵᱽᱬᱮ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱫᱚᱢ ᱠᱤᱝᱠᱚᱨ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱳ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱞᱚᱠᱷᱢᱤ[᱓] ᱯᱨᱚᱱᱚᱵᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱱᱤᱛᱤ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱥᱴᱟᱨ ᱰᱤᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱰᱮᱯᱩᱴᱤ ᱟᱠᱟᱶᱱᱴᱟᱱᱴ ᱜᱮᱱᱮᱨᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱤᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱭ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱴᱟᱴᱤᱥᱴᱤᱠᱟᱞ ᱤᱱᱥᱴᱤᱴᱩᱴᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱫᱷᱚᱠᱭᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱟᱰᱤᱠᱚᱛᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱠᱤᱞᱟᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱔]

ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚᱢ ᱠᱤᱝᱠᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱟᱞ ᱦᱩᱞᱜᱟᱹᱨᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱰ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱕᱒ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱙᱖᱔ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱜᱟᱞ ᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱵᱤᱨᱵᱷᱩᱢ ᱡᱮᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱴ ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱕᱗ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱥᱩᱵᱷᱨᱟ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱟᱨᱡᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱮ ᱵᱟᱯᱞᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱤᱱᱫᱨᱚᱡᱤᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱵᱷᱤᱡᱤᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱤᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱮᱨᱟ ᱥᱚᱨᱢᱤᱥᱴᱷᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱵᱷᱤᱡᱤᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱛ ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱜᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱭᱚᱠ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱚᱨᱢᱤᱥᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱮᱱᱮᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ [᱓][᱕]


ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱱᱤᱛᱤᱠ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱙᱗᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱱᱤᱛᱤᱠ ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱮᱦᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱟᱡᱭᱚᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱗᱕, ᱑᱙᱘᱑, ᱑᱙᱙᱓ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱙᱙᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱨᱟᱡᱭᱚᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱗᱓ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟᱶᱟᱜ ᱠᱮᱵᱤᱱᱮᱴ ᱨᱮ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱥᱤᱞᱯᱚ ᱵᱤᱠᱟᱥ ᱩᱯᱚᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ [᱓] ᱑᱙᱘᱒ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱙᱘᱔ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱩᱱᱤ ᱠᱟᱹᱶᱰᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱩᱫᱮᱞᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱹᱶᱰᱤ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱤᱱᱫᱨᱟ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱟᱱᱛᱚᱨᱡᱟᱛᱤᱠ ᱢᱩᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱯᱟᱱᱴᱷᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱦᱟᱞᱟ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱤᱡᱟᱨᱵᱽ ᱵᱮᱝᱠ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱜᱚᱵᱷᱚᱨᱱᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱰᱨᱹ ᱢᱚᱱᱢᱚᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱡᱷᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱶᱰᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱦᱟᱞ ᱥᱟᱠᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱩᱦᱤ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟᱶᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱨ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱹᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱢᱚᱱᱮ ᱵᱟᱭ ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱶ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱛᱤᱨ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱮ ᱥᱟᱦᱟ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱤᱭᱚ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱡᱽᱵᱟᱫᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱨᱴᱤ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱶ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱤᱱᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱹᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱜᱟᱹᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱢᱚᱱᱮ ᱯᱚᱴᱟᱶ ᱮᱱ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱨᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱤᱹᱵᱷᱤᱹ ᱱᱚᱨᱚᱥᱤᱝᱜᱷᱚ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱨᱚᱱᱚᱵᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱢᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱩᱯᱟᱫᱷᱚᱠᱭᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱵᱤᱱᱮᱴ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱸᱭ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱫᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱢᱢᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱯᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Bharat Ratna for Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh and Bhupen Hazarika". Times Now. 25 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019. Retrieved 25 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2019. 
  2. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/pranab-mukherjee-elected-the-new-president-of-india/977854/
  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ ᱓.᱒ http://india.gov.in/govt/loksabhampbiodata.php?mpcode=4195
  4. http://www.pranabmukherjee.in/
  5. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1110112/jsp/calcutta/story_13426607.jsp